Bachelor's degree in Sport and Exercise Science (from 2008-2009)


Course code
Name of lecturer
Paola Zamparo
Paola Zamparo
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
2° semestre motorie dal Mar 1, 2021 al May 31, 2021.

Lesson timetable

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Learning outcomes

The course aims to provide cultural and operational tools for the biomechanical analysis of human movement and sport activities (in water and on land). Part of the program will be carried out in the form of numerical exercises (data analysis) to enable the students to verify, from a practical point of view, the theoretical knowledge acquired and to familiarize themselves with the main biomechanical means of calculation.


Linear kinematics. Position, velocity and acceleration. Parabolic motion.
Angular kinematics. Polar coordinates. Angular position, velocity and acceleration. Uniform circular motion.
Muscle mechanics. Force-velocity and force-length relationships. Muscle architecture and specific tension. Mechanical proprieties of different types of muscle fibers. Mechanics of tendons and ligaments: stress and strain, Young's modulus.
Linear kinetics and dynamics. Newton Laws. External and internal forces; normal and shear forces; force distribution and pressure. Frictional forces. Work and power. Kinetic, potential and elastic energy. The principle of energy conservation. Impulse and linear momentum. Impacts and collisions. The coefficient of restitution.
Angular kinetics and dynamics. Moment of inertia. Rotational kinetic energy. Torque and center of mass. Angular work and power. Conservation of angular momentum. Joint biomechanics.
Fluid mechanics. Statics: hydrostatic pressure, principle of Archimedes and under-water torque. Fluid dynamics: viscosity and Reynolds number. Bernulli’s principle. Hydrodynamic resistance: shape, pressure and friction drag. Fluids in linear and turbulent motion, the boundary layer. Magnus effect.
Biomechanics of human locomotion: walking, running, swimming, cycling and cross-country skiing.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Anthony Blazevich Biomeccanica dello sport Calzetti e Mariucci 2017 978-88-6028-510-2
D. Halliday, R. Resnick, J. Walker Fondamenti di Fisica: Vol. I - Meccanica, Termologia; Vol. II - Elettrologia, Magnetismo, Ottica. (Edizione 5) Casa Editrice Ambrosiana 2001 8821405389
Legnani, Palmieri, Fassi Introduzione alla biomeccanica dello sport CittàStudi Edizioni 2018
di Prampero La locomozione umana su terra, in acqua, in aria Edi Ermes 2015

Assessment methods and criteria

Written test with open questions and numerical calculations, followed by an oral examination.

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