Bachelor's degree in Radiology Techniques for Imaging and Radiotherapy (to qualify as a medical radiology technician) (Verona)

Morphological and functional fundamentals of life - ISTOLOGIA

Course code
Name of lecturer
Raffaella Mariotti
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
Lezioni 1A 1 semestre TSRM dal Oct 5, 2020 al Dec 18, 2020.

To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link * Course organization

Lesson timetable

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Learning outcomes

The aim of the course is to allow the student to Know and understand the structural organization of the cell and human tissues .
At the end of the course the student must be able to:
1) Recognize and describe the structural of the cell, assigning to each component its specific function;
2) Describe the concept of cell differentiation and correlate the cell morphology with their functional activity.
3) Recognize and describe the main human body tissues.


1) Cytology:
• Structure and function of the plasma membrane (transport, ion channels and receptors)
• Structure of the nucleus, the nucleolus and nuclear membrane
• Structure and function of the following cytoplasmic organelles: endoplasmic reticulum,Golgi complex, mitochondria, ribosomes, lysosomes.
• Mitosis and meiosis
• Notes on cell differentiation
2) Histology
• epithelial tissue
• cytological features
• exocrine glands: classification and their cytological features
• endocrine glands: cytological characters
• Muscle tissue:
• skeletal muscle
• heart muscle
• smooth muscle
• Nervous tissue:
• cytological characters of the neuron
• myelin sheaths
• the neuroglia cells
• synapses
• Mesenchymal tissues (connective tissues in the broadest sense):
• Blood and lymph
• Connective tissue:
Adipose tissue
• cartilage tissues:
• hyaline cartilage
• elastic cartilage
• fibrous cartilage
• Bone tissues:
• Bone non-lamellar
• Bone lamellar
• membranous and chondral ossification
• Blood Tissue and blood cells
• Red blood cells
• White blood cells
• platelets
• plasma
• hematopoietic tissue

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Zaccheo e Pestarino Citologia, Istologia, Anatomia Microscopica Pearson 2013
Anthony L. Mescher Junqueira Istologia Testo e Atlante, VI Edizione Italiana a cura di Ubaldo Armato, Anna Chiarini, Ilaria Pierpaola Dal Prà, Raffaella Pacchiana. (Edizione 6) PICCIN 2012 978-88299-2166-9

Assessment methods and criteria

The exam is written and includes the use of multiple choice questions (5 replies to each question of which only one is correct). The questions are 20
For each correct question it is assigned a point and there are no penalties for wrong answer. Half of correct questions determines sufficiency. In case of doubt in the preparation of the candidate, the teacher can convoke the student and check his preparation orally

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