Combined Bachelor's + Master's degree in Medicine and Surgery

Combined Bachelor's + Master's degree in Medicine and Surgery

Histology and Embryology (2020/2021)

Course code
Giuseppe Bertini
Academic sector
Language of instruction


Teaching is organised as follows:
Activity Credits Period Academic staff
Esercitazione di Istologia e Embriologia 2 2° semestre Giuseppe Bertini
Lezioni di di Istologia e Embriologia 7 2° semestre Giuseppe Bertini
Raffaella Mariotti

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Learning outcomes

Overview. Methods to study cells and tissues. Cytology: plasmalemma, cytosol, inclusion bodies, subcellular organelles, cytoskeleton. Nucleus: envelope, lamina, scaffold. Chromatin and chromosomes (DNA, histones, nucleosomes, heterochromatin, DNA replication and repair, gene expression, topoisomerases, telomerases). Nucleolus. Mitotic cell cycle. Apoptosis. Autophagy. Stem cells. Histology: Mechanisms of histogenesis. Epithelial tissues. Exocrine and endocrine glands. Connective tissues. Adipose tissues. Cartilages. Bone and osteogenesis. Blood, lymph and respective vessels. Bone marrow and lymphatic tissues. Muscle tissues. Central and peripheral nervous tissues Embryology: gametogenesis and meiosis. Zygote. Pregnancy (overview). Segmentation. Embryo leaflets. Placenta. Fetal membranes. Cloning. Embryo-fetal development of the several bodily systems.

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