Teaching is organised as follows:  
Unit  Credits  Academic sector  Period  Academic staff 
BIOINGEGNERIA ELETTRONICA  2  INGINF/06ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATICS BIOENGINEERING  Lezioni 1 Semestre TLB 
Bruno Antony Sandini

FISICA APPLICATA A MEDICINA E CHIRURGIA  2  FIS/07APPLIED PHYSICS  Lezioni 1 Semestre TLB 
Pietro Bontempi

STATISTICA MEDICA  1  MED/01MEDICAL STATISTICS  Lezioni 1 Semestre TLB 
Simone Accordini

MISURE ELETTRICHE ED ELETTRONICHE  2  INGINF/07ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT  Lezioni 1 Semestre TLB 
Roberto Meneghini

MODULO BIOINGEGNERIA ELETTRONICA Obiettivi formativi: Fornire una panoramica della bioingegneria elettronica con particolare riferimento alle applicazioni e tecnologie biomediche. Fornire gli strumenti per la conoscenza delle principali apparecchiature di laboratorio e in particolare i concetti base delle grandezze fisiche e teoria dei segnali, trasduttori e bioimmagini.
MODULO FISICA APPLICATA A MEDICINA E CHIRURGIA Obiettivi formativi: Il Corso è finalizzato a fornire, allo studente, le conoscenze fisiche di base, tenendo in particolare considerazione quelle successivamente utili alla comprensione ed allo approfondimento di problematiche biomediche.
MODULO MISURE ELETTRICHE ED ELETTRONICHE Obiettivi formativi: Fornire una panoramica sui fondamentali componenti e circuiti elettronici con particolare rilievo ai riferimenti ed applicazioni alle apparecchiature impiegate dai laboratoristi e specifica enfasi alla catena di rilevamento di grandezze fisiche, trasduzione in grandezze elettriche, loro conversione in segnale digitale.
MODULO STATISTICA MEDICA Obiettivi formativi: Il corso si propone di insegnare agli studenti a:  valutare l'affidabilità delle misurazioni effettuate in ambito biomedico;  descrivere in modo appropriato le informazioni raccolte su un collettivo di pazienti;  calcolare la probabilità di uno o più eventi;

MM: BIOINGEGNERIA ELETTRONICA

Bioengineering, Biosignals and Biomedical Instrumentation Laboratory Diagnostic Instrumentation Management of diagnostic equipment in the hospital. Medical informatics. Health and Hospital Information Systems Computer security and privacy in health The Laboratory Information System (LIS)

MM: FISICA APPLICATA A MEDICINA E CHIRURGIA

Introduction Physical quantities, Base physical quantities and derived physical quantities. Standards of lenght, mass and time. MKS and cgs systems of units. Cartesian frame of reference. Vector and scalar quantities. Components and magnitude of a vector. Addition and subtraction of vectors. The scalar and cross products of two vectors. Mechanics Displacement, Velocity, Acceleration. Average and instantaneous velocity. Particle under constant velocity. Average and instantaneous acceleration. Particle under constant acceleration. Forces . The principles of dynamics . Law of universal gravity. Weight. Definition of Work and Energy. Kinetic energy. Workkinetic energy theorem. Conservative forces. Potential energy. Law of conservation of mechanical energy. Power. Fluids Definition of Fluid. Density. Pressure. Archimede’s principle. Variation of pressure with depth (Stevin’s Law). Pascal’s Law. Measurement of atmospheric pressure or Torricelli’s experiment. Pressure Units: atm, mmHg, Pa. Pressure measurements. Fluid dynamics. Bernoulli’s equation. Flow. Measurement of arterial blood pressure. Perfect fluid. Continuity equation for flow and its application to blood circulation. Real fluid and viscosity. Blood viscosity. Poiseuille’s Law. Physiological effects of hydrostatic pressure. Thermal phenomena and gases Temperatue, heat. Thermal expansion. Mercury thermometer. Celsius, Kelvin anf Farheneit Scale. Thermal capacity, specific heat. Mechanical equivalent of heat. Gas laws. The absolute temperature (Kelvin Scale). Avogadro’s law. Ideal gas law. Heat transport by conduction, convection and radiation. Electrical phenomena Electric charge. Coloumb’s law. Electic field, potential energy and electric potential. Electric current. Ohm’s law. Resistance and resistivity. Conductors and insulators.

MM: STATISTICA MEDICA

Collection and organization of biomedical data:  stages of a statistical research  population, sample and statistical units  measurement process and measurement scales  precision and accuracy of a measuring instrument  absolute and relative frequencies  cumulative frequencies  one and twoway frequency tables Graphical representation of biomedical data:  pie chart  bar chart  histogram  cumulative frequency polygons Measures of location and dispersion:  mode  percentiles and median  simple and weighted arithmetic mean  range  interquartile range  deviance, variance and standard deviation  coefficient of variation An introduction to probability theory:  definition of probability  independent and conditional probability  Gaussian distribution Diagnostic and screening tests:  sensitivity and specificity

MM: MISURE ELETTRICHE ED ELETTRONICHE

Elements of the theory of the measures. Measurement errors. Propagation of errors. Electrical circuits and physical laws in electrical engineering. Characteristics of electrical and electronic components in general. The galvanometer. Measuring instruments and sizes typical of perfusion. Ammeters and voltmeters DC and ca. Definition and purpose of a measure. Fundamentals and derivatives. International System of Units. Fundamental units. Units and samples of the electrical measurements. Systematic errors and accidental; insensitivity instrumental errors. Classification errors. Propagation of the absolute and relative errors of two or more measured physical quantities. Ohm's law; electrical resistance and electrical resistivity. Joule effect and electric power. Equivalent resistance of electric resistors connected in series and parallel. Electromotive Force. Calculation of the current in a circuit. Kirchhoff's laws, definition of electrical network, nodes and branches. Mesh analysis for the calculation of the currents in an electrical network. Definition of electrostatic capacity of capacitors and plans. Equivalent capacitance of capacitors connected in series and in parallel. Definition of magnetic flux. Faraday's law. Electrical inductance. Measurement of voltage and current with amperometric method volts. Galvanometers; Measuring instruments and sizes typical of perfusion. Ammeters and voltmeters DC and ca. Groups and types of transducers and peculiarities of each. Practical applications of calculation of uncertainties and expression of a measurement with electronic or digital devices.
The final test consists of 4 exams, one for each unit. To pass the final test, the student must get a score of not less than 18/30 in each exam. The final mark (in thirtieths) is the weighted average over credits of the 4 scores.

MM: BIOINGEGNERIA ELETTRONICA

Written and oral exam

MM: FISICA APPLICATA A MEDICINA E CHIRURGIA

Written exam with 1015 multiple choice exercices. About 1 hour. No books or notes. Only calculator and pen allowed.

MM: STATISTICA MEDICA

The final test is a written exam with short answer questions and multiple choice questions. The aim of the test is to verify the knowledge of all the topics discussed. The final evaluation is expressed in thirtieths.

MM: MISURE ELETTRICHE ED ELETTRONICHE

Written exam with exercises and oral questions with possible interview .
Reference books  
Author  Title  Publisher  Year  ISBN  Note 
meneghini roberto  Dispense in versione pdf delle lezioni  2020  
Lantieri PB, Risso D, Ravera G  Elementi di Statistica Medica  McGrawHill  2007  
Verlato G, Zanolin ME  Esercizi di Statistica Medica, Informatica ed Epidemiologia  Libreria Cortina Editrice, Verona  2000  
Fowler J, Jarvis P, Chevannes M  Statistica per le Professioni Sanitarie  EdiSES srl, Napoli  2006 
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