Bachelor's degree in Nursing (to qualify as a nurse) (Trento)

Morphological and functional fundamentals of life (2017/2018)

Course code
Carlo Zancanaro

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
FISIOLOGIA 3 BIO/09-PHYSIOLOGY INF TN - 1° anno 1° sem Luigi Cattaneo
ANATOMIA UMANA 3 BIO/16-HUMAN ANATOMY INF TN - 1° anno 1° sem Carlo Zancanaro
ISTOLOGIA 1 BIO/17-HISTOLOGY INF TN - 1° anno 1° sem Giuseppe Bertini

Learning outcomes

The course introduces the student to the ability of describing the human’s body structure from the macroscopic level to the microscopic level in health conditions and to know the essential morphologic characteristics of systems, organs, tissues, cells and subcellular structures of the human body and their main related Morphofunctional. It also proposes the study of the physiological phenomena of the various systems, in a holistic view , from the cell to the whole organism and to recognize the principles of homeostasis and the control mechanisms that oversee them and the major adjustments in non- basal conditions.


1) Membrane transports
2) Membrane potential - the action potential
3) Cardiovascular system: vessels, the caridac pump, cardiac electrical activty, the capillary system, extrinsic and intrinsic control mechanisms.
4) Respiratory system: pulmonary hemodynamics; ventilation; gas excghanges.
5) Renal system: filtration, secretion, reabsorbtion, excretion. Concentration and diluition of urine. Micturition.
6) The digestive system: motility, secretion, digestion and absorbtion.
7) Nervous system: somatic sensation, pain, reflexes, voluntary movement, autonomic nervous system. Sleep/wake cycle. Cognigitve functions.

- Histological methods
- Cell membrane, cytosol, organelles, nucleus
- Lining and glandular epithelium
- Mesenchymal tissues
- Connective tissue
- Cartilage
- Bone
- Skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle
- Nervous tissue

- Locomotor apparatus

- Cardiocirculatory apparatus

- Lung apparatus

- Renal tract

- Gastrointestinal tract - pancreas and liver

- Nervous system

Assessment methods and criteria

Multiple choice questions (n=100: Histology, 20 questions; Anatomy, 40 questions; Physiology, 40 questions). Five answers per question, 1 correct; correct anwer, 1 point, wrong/missing answer, 0 points.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Bentivoglio M. et al. Anatomia umana e istologia (Edizione 2) Minerva Medica 2010 978-88-7711-670-3
Stanfield CL Fisiologia (Edizione 5) EdiSES 2017 9788879599726
Widmaier E.P., Raff H., Strang K.T. Vander Fisiologia (Edizione 2) Ambrosiana 2018 9788808280022

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