Combined Bachelor's + Master's degree in Dentistry and Dental Prosthetics


Course code
Name of lecturer
Giorgio Marchini
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
LEZIONI 1° SEMESTRE 2°-3°-4°-5°-6° ANNO dal Oct 1, 2020 al Dec 23, 2020.

To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link * Course organization

Lesson timetable

Go to lesson schedule

Learning outcomes

Goals and Objectives

At the end of this course the student should be able to:

-Describe the anatomy and the physiopathology of the orbit and the adnexa (exophthalmos, inflammations and tumours of the orbit, pathology of the eyelids and of the lacrimal system, orbital trauma)
-Describe the anatomy, physiopathology and the pathology of the conjunctiva, sclera, uvea, lens and posterior segment
-Describe the physiopathology of the hydrodynamics of aqueous humour (Glaucoma)
-Describe the physiopathology of the optic nerve and optic ways, eye refraction defects and of some pathologies of infancy.


Anatomy of the eye, adnexa and optic pathways. Intraocular pressure, physiology of the retina, visual field, extrinsic ocular muscles.
Pathology of the orbit: ocular manifestations in Graves disease and thyrotoxicosis, proptosis.
Dry eye syndrome, dacryoadenitis, dacryocystitis, neoformations of lacrimal apparatus, inflammatory and not-inflammatory lesions of the eyelids.
Bacterial, viral and allergic conjunctivitis. Tumours of the conjunctiva. Corneal dystrophies and degenerations, keratitis and keratopathies, deficits of cornea limbal stem cells, corneal surgery.
Episcleritis and scleritis. Uveitis. Retinopathies and maculopathies, retinal detachment. Transparency and positional anomalies of the lens. Optic neuropathies, papilledema, chiasmatic, and retrochiasmatic pathologies.
Open-angle primary glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma, congenital glaucoma.
Connective and vascular pathologies. Ocular trauma, orbit and eyelids trauma.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Azzolini C, Carta F, Gandolfi S, Marchini G, Menchini U, Simonelli F, Traverso CE Clinica dell’apparato visivo (Edizione 2) EDRA MASSON 2014 978-88-214-3755-7

Assessment methods and criteria

Written test with multiple choice questions

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