Combined Bachelor's + Master's degree in Dentistry and Dental Prosthetics

Behavioural Sciences and Scientific Methodology - STORIA DELLA MEDICINA

Course code
Name of lecturer
Nicolo Nicoli Aldini
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
LEZIONI 1° SEMESTRE 1° ANNO dal Oct 19, 2020 al Dec 23, 2020.

To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link * Course organization

Lesson timetable

Go to lesson schedule

Learning outcomes

To obtain a critical knowledge of the historical evolution of medical and biological sciences from the antiquity until the current time, with special attention to the principles of the scientific method. The course encompass also a section about the history of dentistry and related disciplines.
The program is divided in two main sections:
General section: Epochs, events and figures in the history of medicine
Special section: History of dentistry


General section: Epochs, events and figures in the history of medicine

A) Paleopathology
B) Medicine in ancient civilizaqtions
C) The classic antiquity: medicine in Greece and Rome
D) The Islamic medicine
E) The European Middle Ages:
-the School of Salerno
-the rise of universities and the teaching of medicine
-the origins and development of the hospital assistance
-medieval medicine and surgery
F) XV, XVI and XVII century
-the Humanistic Period and the Renaissance
-the advancements of anatomy
-surgery in the XVIth century
-the experimental method in medicine. Harvey and the doctrine of blood circulation
-anatomy and microscopical anatomy
-medical and surgical schools in XVIth century
G) Medicine in eighteenth century
-anatomy and physiology
-Morgagni and the beginnings of morbid anatomy
-the medical systems
-the vaccination
-the surgery
-the anatomo-clinical method
H) The scientific developments of nineteenth century
-anatomy, physiology, biochemistry
-the Cell Theory, histology and hystopatology
-microbiology and infectious diseases
-the clinics and pharmacotherapy
-developments in surgery: anesthesia, antisepsis, asepsis
-the new instruments for diagnosis
-medical and surgical specialization.

Special section: History of dentistry
-the paleopathology and ancient findings of oral diseases
-the care of teeth in ancient civilizations, in the Middle Ages and Renaissance
-scientific groundworks for dentistry from XVI and XVII century
-the evolution of dentistry and related disciplines from XVIII to XIX century
-changes in the public exercise. The cabinet, instruments and equipment. The schools of Dentistry
-materials and prosthesis in dentistry and their evolution

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
V. Giuffra, G. Fornaciari Manuale di storia della medicina Felici ed. s.r.l. 2011
P. Zampetti Storia della Odontoiatria Infantile Martina ed., Bologna 2007
P. Zampetti Storia dell’Odontoiatria Aracne ed. Roma 2009
L. Borghi Umori. Il fattore umano nella storia delle discipline biomediche Società Editrice Universo 2013
Docente Viene distribuito come traccia di studio il testo di tutte le diapositive proiettate nel corso delle lezioni  

Assessment methods and criteria

The exam is aimed at verifying students' learning of the entire program of the module, both for the general part and for the special part. The test will take place after the end of the lessons, within the lapses provided by the didactic schedule for the exams, and the sessions are set in agreement and in coordination with the other teachers of the Integrated Course. The exam consists of a written answer to questions formulated as a quiz with a choice between multiple answers. Grades are given on a scale of 30/30 and the test is overcome with reaching the minimum score of 18/30. The grade of the single module is then sent to the Coordinator of the Integrated Course, which calculates the final grade as the average of the votes given by the individual exams. The test does not differ in the case of attending or non-attending students.
Given the contingent containment measures of the COVID-19 infection, the procedures for carrying out the exam (in presence - by videoconference) may be updated on the basis of new indications from the University.

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