Bachelor's degree in Sport and Exercise Science (from 2008-2009)

Human Physiology

Course code
Name of lecturers
Carlo Capelli, Enrico Tam
Carlo Capelli
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
1° semestre motorie dal Oct 1, 2020 al Jan 29, 2021.

Lesson timetable

Go to lesson schedule

Learning outcomes

• Learn the basics of how the human body works as a set of organs and systems; also integrating and completing the knowledge already acquired in physics, chemistry, biochemistry, anatomy and biology. • Acquire a critical approach to knowledge deriving from the application of the scientific method, in particular applied to the analysis of physiological responses to exercise. • Identify the functional purpose of the organs and systems by understanding their role in maintaining the general homeostasis of the human organism. • To acquire the fundamental physiological bases of motor control in humans.


Course Topics
Preliminary general knowledge
In order to understand the course of Physiology, you must have first assimilated the basics of Chemistry, Physics, Biochemistry and Mathematics, in particular:
• Chemistry: the concept of pH, molarity, colligative properties of solutions, osmolality and osmotic pressure, diffusion.
• Biochemistry: concepts of enthalpy, entropy, free energy, biological macromolecules, their classification and function, the main metabolic pathways, enzyme kinetics and mitochondrial enzymes.
• Physics: physics of gases, electro physics, surface tension, Laplace's law, the basics of mechanics, statics and dynamics of fluids, laws of thermodynamics.
• Biology: biophysical characteristics of the cell membrane; structure of the cell and cellular organelles; the genetic code; transcription and translation; protein synthesis; membrane receptors; the intracellular signals and the second messengers (Protein G, AMP cyclic, Calcium, etc.); transport mechanisms through the membrane; mechanisms of cell regeneration.
• Mathematics: the concept of the logarithm, the concept of function and axes, functions, linear, power, exponential; methods of manipulation of logarithms, the concepts of derivative and integral; units of the international system

1. Principles of general physiology and biophysics of the cell
2. Physiology and biomechanics of striated muscle
3. Motor control (spinal and supraspinal mechanisms)
4. The autonomic nervous system
5. Physico-chemical characteristics of the blood; coagulation and hemostasis
6. Cardiovascular physiology: heart and circulation Regulation of acid-base
7. Respiration
8. Renal Physiology: filtration, reabsorption, secretion and excretion
9. Acid-base regulation
10. Fluid and electrolyte balance
11. Metabolism and thermoregulation
12. Physiology of the endocrine system
13. Physiology of muscular exercise
14. Physiology of Gastrointestinal system

Please have a look at the Course Contents (attached in TEACHING AIDS)

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Di Prampero PE, Veicsteinas A Fisiologia dell'uomo Edi-ermes Milano 2002 Un testo un po' datato, ma sempre valido per la prepazione dell'esame
Conti Fisiologia Medica (Edizione 3) Edi-Ermes-Milano 2020 Un testo molto utile per approfondire temi che hanno suscitato il vostro intresse. Reperibile presso la Biblioteca
Silverthorn Fisiologia umana Un approccio integrato (Edizione 8) Pearson 2020 9788891909732 Nuovissimo libro di testo dall'ultima edizione internazionale. Un classico
Widmaier E.P., Raff H., Strang K.T. Vander Fisiologia (Edizione 2) Ambrosiana 2018 9788808280022 Ottimo libro di testo, moderno ed aggiornato con un buon bilanciamneto tra nozioni essenziali ed approfondimenti

Assessment methods and criteria

Examination methods The exam consists of a multiple-choice test (80 questions in 150 minutes). The examination procedures are identical for attending and non-attending students. The minimum score for the written examination is 48/80. During the course will be available on the University e-Learning (Moodle) space in teacher / teaching page, examples of multiple choice questions on the various topics covered in class. The correspondence between votes and the number of correct answers is calculated according to the ECTS conversion table (A-F) as follows • 30 cum laude: 70 correct answers (A) • 30: 68 correct answers (B) • 29: 66 correct answers (B) • 28: 64 correct answers (C) • 27: 62 correct answers (C) • 26: 60 correct answers (D) • 25: 58 correct answers (D) • 24: 56 correct answers (D) • 23: 54 correct answers (E) • 22: 52 correct answers (E) • 21: 51 correct answers (E) • 20: 50 correct answers (E) • 19: 49 correct answers (E) • 18: 48 correct answers (E) • Test not passed (F): below the 48 correct answers. The outcome of the Exam is communicated on the same day online, on the alert page of the Department of Neuroscience, Biomedicine and Movement: Candidates must notify the vote within a maximum time of 7 days. In the absence of communication, the corresponding evaluation in thirtieths will be automatically recorded.

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