|Teaching is organised as follows:|
|Unit||Credits||Academic sector||Period||Academic staff|
|MEDICINA INTERNA||6||MED/09-INTERNAL MEDICINE||LEZIONI 1° SEMESTRE 2°-3°-4°-5°-6° ANNO||
Lucia De Franceschi
|MEDICINA DI LABORATORIO||3||BIO/12-CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY||LEZIONI 1° SEMESTRE 2°-3°-4°-5°-6° ANNO||
|MALATTIE DELL'APPARATO VISIVO||2||MED/30-OPHTHALMOLOGY||LEZIONI 1° SEMESTRE 2°-3°-4°-5°-6° ANNO||
|ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN MEDICINA INTERNA||1||NN--||LEZIONI 1° SEMESTRE 2°-3°-4°-5°-6° ANNO||
Lucia De Franceschi
|ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN MEDICINA DI LABORATORIO||2||NN--||LEZIONI 1° SEMESTRE 2°-3°-4°-5°-6° ANNO||
The present course has been designed to provide fundamental knowledge about pathophysiology, clinical, diagnostic classification and therapy of diseases of relevance of Internal Medicine with particular regard to those pathologies that may present clinical manifestations also at the level of the oral cavity and / or may be connected to the dental preservative treatment or maxillofacial surgery. It is also aimed to generate knowledge about the general prerequisites and criteria for the interpretation of laboratory tests based on the concepts of normality, reference intervals, analytic and biological intra- and inter-individual variability. At the end of the course students will be able to interpret the diagnostic value of laboratory tests, in terms of specificity, sensitivity, positive and negative predictive value.MODULO MEDICINA INTERNAThe course is aimed to discuss and generate knowledge on internal medicine diseases, focusing on those with clinical manifestations involving mouth, neck/head. Pathophysiology, clinical presentation and complications of internal medicine disorders is part of the course.MODULO ATTIVITA’ PRATICA IN MEDICINA INTERNAMain objective: • To gain experience of patient history collection and patient clinical evaluation • To learn to assess main medical problems in internal medicine patients (acute and chronic diseases) • To learn the management of emergency in internal medicine such as acute respiratory failure, cardiac arrest.
MODULO MEDICINA DI LABORATORIO e MODULO ATTIVITA’ PRATICA IN MEDICINA DI LABORATORIO Educational goals. At the end of the course the student will: 1) Know the general prerequisites and criteria for the interpretation of laboratory tests based on the concepts of normality, reference intervals, analytic and biological intra- and inter-individual variability. Will be able to interpret the diagnostic value of laboratory tests, in terms of specificity, sensitivity, positive and negative predictive value. 2) Will know the basic principles of laboratory methodologies in the pre-analytical phase (sampling, treatment and storage of samples), analytical phase (principles and implementation of the most important laboratory techniques), and post-analytical phase (collection, processing and reporting of data, interpretation of results, quality control). 3) Will know the pathophysiological meaning underlying the alterations of laboratory indexes and will integrate these alterations with the signs and symptoms clinically detected by the anamnesis and by the objective examination to arrive at a diagnostic interpretation of the most important clinical syndromes. 4) On the basis of the physiopathological and clinical significance of laboratory tests, the student will be able to understand the motivations of the exam requests, the logical operativity and the semiologic value of the individual tests in a typical clinical series.MODULO MALATTIE DELL’APPARATO VISIVOAt the end of this course the student should be able to: -Describe the anatomy and the physiopathology of the orbit and the adnexa (exophthalmos, inflammations and tumours of the orbit, pathology of the eyelids and of the lacrimal system, orbital trauma) -Describe the anatomy, physiopathology and the pathology of the conjunctiva, sclera, uvea, lens and posterior segment -Describe the physiopathology of the hydrodynamics of aqueous humour (Glaucoma) -Describe the physiopathology of the optic nerve and optic ways, eye refraction defects and of some pathologies of infancy.
The program of the course is divided into the following sections:
Collection of patient history and clinical evaluation;
General concepts of laboratory in internal medicine disorders;
Hematology. Anemias, disorders of coagulation and thrombocytopenias, main and most common myeloproliferative disorders, lymphomas, bone marrow transplantation (acute and chronic complication such as GVDH);
Cardiology. Ischemic cardiomyopathy and acute heart infarction, left heart failure;
Endocarditis and valve heart diseases;
Pneumology. Pneumonias, pulmonary thromboembolism, COPD, acute and chronic bronchitis;
Nephrology: acute and chronic kidney disease;
Endocrinology. Diabetes, thyropathies (hyper/hypo); parathyroid diseases; adrenal gland diseases (i.e.: hyperaldosternism);
Reumathology. Main rheumatologic disease with complications involving mouth: RA, LES, Syogren S, Systemic sclerosis, Bechet disease, vasculitis;
Gastroenterology. (i) Main disorders of the esophagus, stomach in particular acute/chronic gastritis, HPP infection and related complications; (ii) malabsorption and coeliac disease; (iii) chronic bowel inflammatory diseases; (iv) hepatic cirrhosis;
Principles of infectious diseases important in dental care. HBV-HCV hepatitis, AIDS, herpes virus and tuberculosis.
Laboratory of Medicine
Analytical variability. Enzymes in diagnosis and disease monitoring
Post analytical variability. Interpretation of laboratory data
Laboratory tests in primary hemostasis
Laboratory tests in secondary hemostasis
The anticoagulation theraphy monitoring
Plasma proteins and inflammatory indices. Renal function
laboratory testing in the diagnosis and management of thyroid disorders
Assessment methods and criteria
The exam is divided into 2 steps:
There is a multi-choice test followed by oral exam for those who reach 18/30 score.
Laboratory of Medicine
Written, using structured text in multiple questions, short integrated clinical cases with responses, interpretation of laboratory data.
|Dennis L. Kasper, Eugene Braunwald, Anthony Fauci, Stephen Hauser, Dan Longo, J. Larry Jameson||Harrison - Principi di Medicina Interna.2 voll. (Edizione 19)||McGraw-Hill, Milano||2015|
|C. Rugarli||Medicina Interna Sistematica||MASSON||2016|
|Ciaccio M, Lippi G||Biochimica Clinica e Medicina di Laboratorio (Edizione 2017)||EdiSES Edizioni Scientifiche ed Universitarie||2017||9788879599580|
|Azzolini C, Carta F, Gandolfi S, Marchini G, Menchini U, Simonelli F, Traverso CE||Clinica dell’apparato visivo (Edizione 2)||EDRA MASSON||2014||978-88-214-3755-7|
|Amoroso A, Costantino S, Afeltra A, Picardi A, Vettore L.||Semeiotica pratica. Sussidio multimediale per l’apprendimento e la verifica delle principali manovre semeiologiche.||Centro Scientifico Editore||2005|