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Knowledge of principles of growth and auxology; measures of growth, of bone and pubertal age.
Knowledge of most frequent growth pathologies, harmonic and disarmonic; overweight and obesity, epidemiology; general concepts of genetics and epigenetics.
Knowledge of skeletal functions and hormonal control of skeletal longitudinal growth, bone mass growth and peak bone mass. Knowledge of the importance of physical exercise on growth.
Knowledge of pediatric fractures, their epidemiology, causes and physiopathology. Definition and knowledge of primary and secondary pediatric osteoporosis: methods for prevention and therapy.
Knowledge of the importance of physical exercise, rehabilitative therapy, nutritional factors and pharmacological treatments in pediatric osteoporosis prevention and treatment. "Non accidental injuries" in children.
Knowledge of the importance of vitamin D as hormone for skeletal and extra-skeletal actions, for prevention and treatment of rickets.
Knowledge of the most frequent forms of musculoskeletal recurrent pain in children
Knowledge of osteogenesis imperfecta, some aspects of collagen physiopathology, surgical, rehabilitative and pharmacological treatments.
Lesson n 1
Growth and auxology; growth as changement of dimensions, proportions and functions. Health state indicators and measurement methods. Bone age, pubertal age, Risser maturation sign. Growth pathologies: harmonic and disproportionate dwarfisms. Cranial circumference. Puberty and correlated changing. Obesity and overweight: some epidemiology data. Introduction to genetics and epigenetics. Body composition.
Lesson n 2
Skeletal functions and hormonal control of body mass. Skeletal growth and control of metaphyseal cartilage growth by growth factors. Importance of physical exercise on bone growth: the musculo-skeletal unit. Bone mass and peak bone mass achievement. Endocrine mechanisms for pubertal bone maturation and of bone mechanical response. Regulation factors of bone modeling and remodeling. Methods to study bone mebabolism: bone metabolic markers and bone densitometry.
Lesson n 3
Fractures in pediatric age: epidemiology, causes and physiopathology. Primary and secondary pediatric osteoporosis. Prevention and treatment options. Importance of physical exercise and physical therapy in prevention and treatment of pediatric osteoporosis. Nutritional and pharmacological aspects in prevention and treatment of pediatric osteoporosis. Introduction to some aspects of "non accidental injury" bone lesions.
Lesson n 4
Vitamin D as an hormone. Vitamin D inportance for skeletal and non skeletal actions. Prevention and treatment of rickets in pediatric patients. Importance of vitamin D supplementation at all ages. Recurrent pediatric musculo-skeletal pains of legs and feet. Groth pains, typical pediatric and adolescent osteocondrosis. Benign sinovitis of the ankle.
Lesson n 5
Osteogenesis imperfecta: introduction to collagen physiopathology. Osteogenesis imperfecta as model of disease: genetic, biochemical and clinic variability. Surgical, physiotherapic and pharmacological treatments in a disease requiring luridisciplinary approach.
|Marcadante K.J, Kliegman R.M. et al.||Nelson Essential of Pediatrics (Edizione 18)||Elsevier||2015|
Written test with 30 quizzes with multiple choice answers. For each incorrect answer, 2 points will be reduced.