Bachelor's degree in Obstetrics (to qualify as an obstetrician)

General pathophysiology and therapeutic treatments - FISIOPATOLOGIA GENERALE

Course code
Name of lecturer
Cristiano Fava
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
2° ANNO 1° SEMESTRE dal Oct 1, 2020 al Dec 18, 2020.

To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link * Course organization

Lesson timetable

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Learning outcomes

To know the regulation of body water and electrolytes and of the hydro-electrolytes balance (homeostasis) by the kidney, heart failure, thromboembolism, chronic hypertension and pre-eclampsia.


1. Electrolyte equilibrium in the body: maintenance of volume and distribution of fluids and their possible alterations: hyperhydration and dehydration syndromes, balance between intra- and –extra-cellular fluids (isotonic, hypertonic and hypotonic), Signs and symptoms of fluid and electrolyte deregulation.

2. Urinary System: the kidney as a filter. Pathophysiology of acute renal failure.

3. Venous Thromboembolism: pathophysiology of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Virchow’s triad and risk factors for deep vein thrombosis. Therapy notes.

4. Cardiovascular system: control of vascular tone and blood pressure, high blood pressure (hints about pathophysiological hypotheses with references to endocrine pathophysiology), ischemic heart disease, heart failure, left and right sided heart failure, cardiovascular shock. Signs and symptoms of heart/circulatory diseases.

5. Pre-eclampsia: pathophysiology of pre-eclampsia. Hypertensive disturbances during pregnancy. Therapy notes

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
G. M. Pontieri Elementi di Fisiopatologia Generale Piccin-Nuova Libraria 2018 8829929085
Anna Brugnolli, Luisa Saiani Medicina e infermieristica un approccio di cure integrate (Edizione 1) Idelson Gnocchi 2017 9788879476379

Assessment methods and criteria

Either written exam (multiple-choice test) or evantrually oral exam

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