Bachelor's degree in Dental Hygiene (Rovereto)

Educational methodology (2020/2021)

Course code
4S000289
Credits
9
Coordinator
Roberto Burro

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
PSICOLOGIA DELL'APPRENDIMENTO 3 M-PSI/01-GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Lezioni 1 Anno 1 semestre CLID ROV Roberto Burro
ODONTOIATRIA DI COMUNITA' 2 MED/28-ORAL DISEASES AND DENTISTRY Lezioni 1 Anno 1 semestre CLID ROV Fulvio Campolongo
METODI E MATERIALI DI IGIENE ORALE 2 MED/50-APPLIED MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY AND METHODOLOGY Lezioni 1 Anno 1 semestre CLID ROV Francesca Di Lorito
FONDAMENTI DELL'IGIENE ORALE 2 MED/50-APPLIED MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY AND METHODOLOGY Lezioni 1 Anno 1 semestre CLID ROV Elena Campanaro

Learning outcomes

: Teaching aims to critically educate the student about the knowledge of the profession of the Dental Hygienist, provide basic knowledge regarding the most common pathologies of the oral cavity, focusing in particular on the aspect of prevention. It provides basic knowledge about behaviour changes through learning and how these changes are stored. In addition, the basic oral hygiene knowledge is provided with the characteristics of the different home oral hygiene facilities and the correct ways of using them in order to be able to advise the tools and products most suitable for each patient. ORAL HYGIENE FUNDAMENTALS MODULE Training objectives: The course aims to critically educate the student about knowledge of the profession of the Dental Hygienist and his role within the dental team, the strategies that the dental hygienist can put in place for the promotion of health and the basic knowledge of oral cavity anatomy. The course also aims to provide the student with modalities and strategies for communicating with the patient. COMMUNITY DENTISTRY MODULE Training objectives: The course aims to provide the student with the basic knowledge regarding the most common pathologies of the oral cavity, focusing in particular on the aspect of prevention. The course aims to provide knowledge about the figure of the dental hygienist and his possible roles as promoter of oral health in different age groups in line with what is proposed by the Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization. Expected learning outcomes include preventive concepts and strategies related to the aforementioned pathologies. LEARNING PSYCHOLOGY MODULE Training objective: Changes in behavior through learning and how these changes are stored. The various forms of learning. Intelligence and its measurement. The course will allow the student to obtain the necessary preparation for the deepening and use of The Psychology of Learning understood as an experimental discipline. Cognitive processes such as learning, memory, perception, attention, thought, motivation, emotion and communication will be contextualized in the general methodological system of cognitive sciences, allowing the student to find all the elements of comparison and integration with methodologies, theories and models, both from a historical and application perspective in the world of contemporary research. METHODS AND MATERIALS OF ORAL HYGIENE MODULE Training objectives: The aim of the Course is to learn the characteristics of home oral hygiene and the correct methods of use to be able to determine which tools and products are best suited to each patient in order to provide personalized indications to maintain good oral health. Also crucial is the knowledge of the injuries caused by the improper use of the available principals and the different methods of motivation of the patient.

Syllabus

Starting from the analysis of the historical path that psychology has led to identify itself as an experimental discipline, the most important issues involved in cognitive processes will be addressed. The first of the studied aspects will be the methodological and epistemological one to understand the relationship between Psychology understood as an experimental discipline and the other humanistic disciplines that contribute to the study of human thought. The other topics covered will be the classic ones of Psychology such as the study of perceptual experience, psychophysics, theories, models and research on consciousness, attention, memory, thought, intelligence, learning, motivation, emotions, communication. In addition, topics such as the nature and treatment of mental disorders, the development of personality throughout life and the behavioral biology that contribute to the organization of man's cognitive architecture will be touched upon. following topics:
- Historical introduction to the psychology of cognitive processes
- Methods in Psychology
- The perception
- Attention and conscience
- Learning
- The memory
- Language and communication
- Thinking and reasoning
- Emotions

Particular attention will then be given to the following topics:

Oral health in society
- The concept of public health and individual health
- Evolution of health systems
- The promotion of oral health: health education and prevention

Health services and dental care models in the EU
- The reform of health systems in OECD countries - The most widespread models of health services - Classification of models of dental health care - The essential levels of assistance (LEA)

Dental epidemiology and detection procedures
- Definition of epidemiology - Concept of cause - Diagnostic tests - Measurement of disease frequency - Types of epidemiological studies - The epidemiological epidemiological indices - The trend in the prevalence of dental caries in Europe and in Italy - The trend in periodontal disease

Identification of populations at risk:
- targeted prevention interventions for carious pathology
- targeted prevention interventions for periodontal pathology
- targeted prevention interventions for malocclusion
- targeted prevention interventions for traumatic pathology

National guidelines for the promotion of oral health in developmental age


Discipline of dental assistance in the province of Trento

Objectives of prevention in dentistry:
- The role of the dentist
- The role of the dental hygienist

Prevention of tooth decay
- Fluoroprophylaxis - Oral hygiene tools - Nutrition - Occlusal sealants - Chemical plaque control

Prevention of malocclusion
- Control of bad habits
- Interceptive therapy

Prevention of traumatic diseases

Oral health promotion experiences in community dentistry


Therefore, an in-depth analysis will be offered on the figure of the dental hygienist.

The dental hygienist: birth and evolution of the profession, the professional profile. The dental team.
• Health promotion: primary, secondary, tertiary prevention, gender prevention. The WHO objectives and the national and provincial prevention plan (Laws and Guidelines)
• Anatomy of the oral cavity (teeth and periodontium): the tooth and its tissues, numbering, eruption phases. Deciduous and permanent dentition. The design of the teeth
• Anatomy of the periodontium (superficial and deep) and its tissues.
• Communication in dentistry: motivational counseling and interview with the patient

Assessment methods and criteria

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MM: PSICOLOGIA DELL'APPRENDIMENTO
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The exam taken during an official call will consist of a 30 minutes multiple choice question (30) (3 answers alternatives, only one of which is correct.) For the final judgment expressed in thirtieths, a correct answer has value equal to 1 point, an incorrect answer has a value equal to 0 points, an answer not given has a value equal to 0 points).
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA DI COMUNITA'
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MM: METODI E MATERIALI DI IGIENE ORALE
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MM: FONDAMENTI DELL'IGIENE ORALE
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Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Canestrari, R., Godino, A. Manuale di Psicologia (Edizione 3) CLUED 2018 978-88-491-5579-2
Materiale didattico Appunti delle lezioni 2020
Gabriele Pagliariccio Morire senza salute Dissensi 2016 9788896643778
Wilkins Esther M. Clinical Practice of the Dental Hygienist (Edizione 12) Lippincott Williams 2016 9781451193114
Abbinante Antonia - Cortesi Ardizzone Viviana Igienista orale. Teoria e pratica professionale EDRA 2013 978-88-214-2746-6
STUDENTI FREQUENTANTI Per i frequentanti saranno poi messe a disposizione delle dispense, curate dal titolare e dai collaboratori del corso, su tutte le tematiche affrontate.  


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