Bachelor's degree in Speech and Language Therapy (to qualify as a speech and language therapist)

Pathophysiological science (2020/2021)

Course code
4S000169
Credits
4
Coordinator
Carlo Laudanna

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
MEDICINA INTERNA 2 MED/09-INTERNAL MEDICINE LOGO 1^ anno - 2^semestre Pietro Minuz
PATOLOGIA GENERALE 2 MED/04-EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY LOGO 1^ anno - 2^semestre Carlo Laudanna

Syllabus

The program in brief
They will be explained: The general concepts of illness, disease and etio-pathology; the cell-based disease; oncology elements; immunity and inflammation


Detailed program

1) Generalities

a) Introduction to general pathology: fields and discipline purposes
b) The disease: definition; causes (determinants, adjuvants, occasional); pathogenesis; course (recurrence, relapse); outcomes (healing, chronic, death); diagnosis (signs and physical examination, symptoms and medical history).

2) Cell pathology

a) General concepts: the disease as the expression of cell damage?

b) Degenerative changes of the cells:
Causes (genetic, nutritional, from chemical, physical, from lack of oxygen, by living agents).
reversible cell damage, irreversible cell death. morphological cell changes related to the damage: various aspects of degeneration and necrosis

c) Modifications to steady-state cell:
stationary phones were molecular changes (hypertrophy, atrophy, atrophy) and their causes
cellular changes (hyperplasia, hypoplasia, aplasia) and their causes

d) Alterations of cellular differentiation processes:
Metaplasia, anaplasia, dysplasia

3) Oncology

Definition of neoplastic cells, benign and malignant tumors, Natural history of cancer: advancement, growth, progress, general effects on body. Metastasis

4) Inflammation

a) General concepts: utility of the inflammatory process
b) Acute inflammation: local and general manifestations of inflammation; causes; pathogenetic mechanisms (vascular component, the white blood cell component and the chemical mediators). The exudate and types of inflammation (erythema, serous, catarrhal, purulent, fibrinous, hemorrhagic, necrotizing). The consequences on 'body (abscess, phlegmon, fistula, adhesion, synechiae, payments).
c) Chronic inflammation: Causes; pathogenetic mechanisms; granuloma and granulomatous diseases.

Assessment methods and criteria

Written

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Robbins e Cotran Le basi patologiche delle malattie (due volumi) Elsevier 2010
Pontieri GM Patologia e Fisiopatologia Generale Piccin Editore, Padova 2002
Giuseppe Pontieri Elementi di fisiopatologia generale per corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie (Edizione 3) Piccin 2012
PONTIERI-RUSSO-FRATI PATOLOGIA GENERALE (Edizione 3) PICCIN 2005


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