Bachelor's degree in Nursing (to qualify as a nurse) (Bolzano)

Application of diagnostic and therapeutic processes (2020/2021)

Course code
4S000098
Credits
6
Coordinator
Ursula Braun

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
SCIENZE DIETETICHE 1 MED/49-FOOD AND DIETETIC SCIENCES INF BZ 2° ANNO 1° SEM Michael Kob
FARMACOLOGIA CLINICA 2 BIO/14-PHARMACOLOGY INF BZ 2° ANNO 1° SEM Guido Francesco Fumagalli
INFERMIERISTICA APPLICATA AI PERCORSI DIAGNOSTICI E TERAPEUTICI 2 MED/45-NURSING INF BZ 2° ANNO 1° SEM Ursula Braun
DIAGNOSTICA PER IMMAGINI E RADIOPROTEZIONE 1 MED/36-IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY INF BZ 2° ANNO 1° SEM Florian Pederiva

Learning outcomes

The course consists of four teaching modules, Clinical Pharmacology, Nursing, Dietary Sciences, Imaging Diagnostics and Radioprotection, which integrate themselves to allow a thorough theoretical-practical knowledge of the main diagnostic and therapeutic processes that characterize nursing care. This teaching is based on the principles of safety and efficacy of care to achieve health outcomes or a compensated state of care and to evaluate the progress of care in collaboration with the multidisciplinary team. The approach considers the application methods of the prescribed diagnostic and therapeutic processes as well as the effects surveillance strategies. DIAGNOSTIC FORM FOR IMAGES AND RADIOPROTECTION: Conferring notions on the principles of image formation in diagnostic imaging, on radiation protection, on how to prepare and carry out investigations. Learning the notions concerning radiation protection. Teaching the required preparations and techniques of administration of contrast media. Informing about adverse reactions to contrast media. CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY: The aim of the module is to provide the student with notions of clinical pharmacology necessary for the profession of nurse, useful in the control and management of drug therapies, with particular reference to the recognition and prevention of the most important adverse events for each category of drugs studied. It is equally important to have the necessary knowledge to be able to carry out an effective pharmacological education towards patients. DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC PROCESSES APPLIED NURSING: The module focuses on the management and application of diagnostic and therapeutic processes that are required to provide nursing care to patients in hospital, territorial and residential care settings. This module is based on the principles of safety and efficacy of care to achieve health outcomes or a compensated state of care and to evaluate the progress of care in collaboration with the interdisciplinary team. The approach considers the application methods of the prescribed diagnostic and therapeutic processes as well as the effects surveillance strategies. DIETARY SCIENCES: - Give students the necessary tools to learn about nutrition. - Integrate nutritional knowledge into daily work in the wards. - Provide food nutrients and complications related to incorrect nutrition

Syllabus

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MM: SCIENZE DIETETICHE
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Patient’s Nutritional needs, population’s daily recommended taking levels Food and water digestion’s physiology Nutritional supplement and nutritional mixture Nutritional approach to overweight, malnourished and cachexistic patients Cardio-vascular and empathic affected patient’s diet
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MM: FARMACOLOGIA CLINICA
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At the end of the course the student should know the most important characteristics, the mechanism of action (in relation to the adverse events), the most frequent and serious adverse reactions, the contraindications, the precautions, the problems related to the management of the therapy (eg interactions, drugs administration), the main indications and the most used single drugs for each of the following drug classes: Cardiovascular drugs: digitalis, antiarrhythmics, Antihypertensives, antianginals, diuretics, cholesterol lowering agents, Anticoagulants, Antiplatelet agents (the following categories also include Calcium channel blockers, beta blockers, ACE inhibitors, sartans and statins) Respiratory drugs: Antiasthmatics, Cough Sedatives, Mucolytics Gastrointestinal drugs: Antiulcer (gastroprotectors), Antiemetics, laxatives Drugs of the nervous system: Opioid analgesics (pain therapy), Anxiolytic - Sedative-hypnotics (benzodiazepines), antidepressants. As part of the course is scheduled the discussion of one or more clinical cases.
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MM: INFERMIERISTICA APPLICATA AI PERCORSI DIAGNOSTICI E TERAPEUTICI
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Secure and correct administration of oral therapy (enteral and tube) Secure and correct administration of intravenous therapy Correct manipulation from peripheral and central venous catheter, prevention and treatment of main complications: phlebitis, occlusion, infiltration Secure and correct administration of intramuscular therapy Secure and correct administration of intramuscular therapy Secure and correct administration of subcutaneous therapy Technic to collect a venous, arteriosus and capillary blood sample Instruction from patient to collect samples (urine, stool) Preparation and follow up care during examinations (endoscopic examinations, exams with contrast medium) Care and education of patients affect from Dysphagia Enteral nutrition Parenteral nutrition
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MM: DIAGNOSTICA PER IMMAGINI E RADIOPROTEZIONE
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Principles of radioprotection with respect to the following investigations: ultrasound and ultrasound-guided biopsies, computerized axial tomography (TAC) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (RSM) - angiography for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes Special radiological investigations of the digestive tract and urinary - the following aspects will be addressed: - indication and anatomical or physiological structures investigated by the diagnostic procedure - specific preparation of the person (eg full bladder, blood tests) information to be transmitted to the person before the examination - positioning and / or use of the contrast agent, indications to be given to the patient during the examination for the optimal execution of the investigation - complications or discomforts that may arise during or after a radiological examination (adverse reactions from contrast agents

Assessment methods and criteria

Written text with multiple choice questions

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
F. Rossi, V. Cuomo, C. Riccardi Farmacologia (Edizione 3) Minerva Medica 2017 978-88-7711-881-3
B. G. Katzung & A. J. Trevor Farmacologia Generale e Clinica (Edizione 10) Piccin-Nuova Libraria 2017 978-88-299-2847-7
A. Conforti, L. Cuzzolin, R. Leone, U. Moretti, G. Pignataro, M. Taglialatela, M. Vanzetta Farmacologia per le professioni sanitarie (Edizione 1) Idelson-Gnocchi 2015 978-88-7947-592-1
Ledonne G., Tolomeo S. Calcoli e dosaggi farmacologici (Edizione 2) Casa Editrice Ambrosiana 2014
Saiani, L., Brugnolli, A. Trattato di cure infermieristiche (Edizione 2) Idelson-Gnocchi 2014 978-88-7947-576-1




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