Master's degree in Sport Science and Physical Performance

Sport and plays for school-age kids [Verona]

Course code
Name of lecturer
Valentina Biino
Valentina Biino
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
MOTORIE 1° semestre dal Oct 1, 2019 al Jan 24, 2020.

Lesson timetable

Go to lesson schedule

Learning outcomes

The course provides to students the fundamental concepts of games for elementary school-aged children.
The expected learning outcomes are:
1. Defining a distinction in games for children 5-7 , 8-9 and 10-11 years old.
2. Establishing a direct connession between didactic action and the own characteristics of school-aged children.
3. Distinguishing and link among them the concepts of “game”, “motor literacy”, “young sports training”.
4. Explaining and analysing playful proposal based on an evolution, a continuity and a purpose of the game;
5. Learning to behave following developmental processes in school age distinguished in:
5.a.muscular- organic
5.b. cognitive
5.c. psychopedagogical

that come from knowledge of physical, motor, cognitive, social and emotional characteristics of young and older children.

6. Defining methods of the playful-didactic action, that are:
- Game facilitation
- Game stabilisation
- Game complication.


The course programme is divided into two teaching modules:
Theoretical teaching module
Practical training module


1. MODULE: the motor, organic-muscular, cognitive and emotional characteristics of school-aged children.
- Children aged 5/6 years. Children over 7 years-old. Children aged 10 years.
- Play in motor education. The elements of play at school: structuring of space and time of play.
- The moments of play development. Infant play and evolved play.
- Game classification according to the rules: performance, easily organized games; regulated games.
- Game classification according to participation: individual games, couple games, team group games.

2. MODULE: gross motor skills and the acquisition of basic motor skills ( locomotor and not locomotor) through play.

- Game classification according to social dynamics: one vs one, one vs all, all vs all, two vs one, two vs two, cooperative games, in team games, team games.
- Game classification according to: physical intensity (LPA, MPA,MVPA, VPA); Type: play active, outdoor etc. ) cognitive and performance functions; coordination skills development.
- Multilateral and multiform training.
- Multitasking and bilateralism principle.

3. MODULE: motor literacy and sport game proposals

- Activation game; playful action; high motivating final game
- Differences between playful activities and games
- Play and creativity
- Game organization: time and operating context. Changes and variability in practice.
- Play of reference and pitch invasion games
- Game: facilitating, stabilizing, complicating
- Safe games; orderly games; destructured games
- Teaching methods for the preparation and presentation of games
- Physical activity games (Games with thought): stopping-games ; switching games; updating games.

4. MODULE: The mini section of individual and team sports.

- Coded rules games
- Game reduction
- The principle of specificity of teaching.
- Teaching sport practice through play: learning by playing.
- The use of adequate tools.
- Motivation in competitive mini-sports
- Stress capacity in infant age.
- Strength and speed preparation.


- 1 MODULE: Games for the development of special coordination skills: sensorial-perceptive games, lateral and dominance games, rhythm games, orienteering games, space-time structured games, games to learn the body scheme, balance, imitation and expression games.

- I “Key games” . Performance games. Warm-up games, middle phase games and high motivation final games.
- Games without the use of apparatuses
- Games with apparatuses without the use of balls.
- 2. MODULE games in the school age

- Games for children aged from 6 to 8 years-old
Individual games; Group games; Team games; Regulated games. One vs one; one vs all. Relay races.
Games with balls for children aged from 6 to 8 years-old

- Games for children aged from 8 to 10 years-old
Individual games: collaborative games; team games; regulated games. Competitions. Tournaments. Games with balls for children aged from 8 to 10 years-old.

- 3. MODULE Mini sport: the principle of specificity of teaching.
- Teaching methods: peer teaching. Cooperative learning. Simulation.
- Game reduction
- Game simplification and facilitation
- Agility and reactivity in a playful format. Composed movements- basic movements- non-specific composed movements- sport-specific movements. Plyometrics and jumps in a playful format.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Valentina Biino GiocosaMente in Movimento (Edizione 1) CALZETTI MARIUCCI editore 2018 978-88-6028-558-4
Pesce C, Marchetti R,, Motta A., Bellucci M. Joy of moving Calzetti-Mariucci editore 2015
Biino Valentina "Manuale di Scienze motorie e sportive" HOEPLI 2006

Assessment methods and criteria

Written exam: five open questions, ten minutes each. After each answer the student is required to underline the answer (ability to synthesize information).
Practical exam: an essay with a high level of application in practice (skills).

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