Learning the basic functions of the human body intended as a set of organs and systems by integrating and complementing the existing knowledge of physics, chemistry, biochemistry, anatomy and biology.
Learning how to apply the scientific method to the analysis of physiological responses to stresses such as physical exercise.
Identifying the functional purpose of the physiological systems understanding their role in the maintenance of homeostasis of human organism.
Acquire the fundamental physiological basis of motor control in humans, including the physiology of the sense organs.
Preliminary general knowledge
In order to understand the course of Physiology, you must have first assimilated the basics of Chemistry, Physics, Biochemistry and Mathematics, in particular:
• Chemistry: the concept of pH, molarity, colligative properties of solutions, osmolality and osmotic pressure, diffusion.
• Biochemistry: concepts of enthalpy, entropy, free energy, biological macromolecules, their classification and function, the main metabolic pathways, enzyme kinetics and mitochondrial enzymes.
• Physics: physics of gases, electro physics, surface tension, Laplace's law, the basics of mechanics, statics and dynamics of fluids, laws of thermodynamics.
• Biology: biophysical characteristics of the cell membrane; structure of the cell and cellular organelles; the genetic code; transcription and translation; protein synthesis; membrane receptors; the intracellular signals and the second messengers (Protein G, AMP cyclic, Calcium, etc.); transport mechanisms through the membrane; mechanisms of cell regeneration.
• Mathematics: the concept of the logarithm, the concept of function and axes, functions, linear, power, exponential; methods of manipulation of logarithms, the concepts of derivative and integral; units of the international system
1. Principles of general physiology and biophysics of the cell
2. Physiology and biomechanics of striated muscle
3. Motor control (spinal and supraspinal mechanisms)
4. The autonomic nervous system
5. Physico-chemical characteristics of the blood; coagulation and hemostasis
6. Cardiovascular physiology: heart and circulation Regulation of acid-base
8. Renal Physiology: filtration, reabsorption, secretion and excretion
9. Acid-base regulation
10. Fluid and electrolyte balance
11. Metabolism and thermoregulation
12. Physiology of the endocrine system
13. Physiology of muscular exercise
Please have a look at the Course Contents (attached in TEACHING AIDS)
|Di Prampero PE, Veicsteinas A||Fisiologia dell'uomo||Edi-ermes Milano||2002|
|di Prampero||La locomozione umana su terra, in acqua, in aria||Edi Ermes||2015|
|Widmaier E.P., Raff H., Strang K.T.||Vander Fisiologia (Edizione 2)||Ambrosiana||2018||9788808280022|
Examination methods The exam consists of a multiple-choice test (80 questions in 150 minutes). The examination procedures are identical for attending and non-attending students. The minimum score for the written examination is 48/80. During the course will be available on the University e-Learning (Moodle) space in teacher / teaching page, examples of multiple choice questions on the various topics covered in class. The correspondence between votes and the number of correct answers is calculated according to the ECTS conversion table (A-F) as follows • 30 cum laude:> 70 correct answers (A) • 30: 68 correct answers (B) • 29: 66 correct answers (B) • 28: 64 correct answers (C) • 27: 62 correct answers (C) • 26: 60 correct answers (D) • 25: 58 correct answers (D) • 24: 56 correct answers (D) • 23: 54 correct answers (E) • 22: 52 correct answers (E) • 21: 51 correct answers (E) • 20: 50 correct answers (E) • 19: 49 correct answers (E) • 18: 48 correct answers (E) • Test not passed (F): below the 48 correct answers. The outcome of the Exam is communicated on the same day online, on the alert page of the Department of Neuroscience, Biomedicine and Movement: http://www.dsnm.univr.it/?ent=avviso&dest=200 Candidates must notify the vote within a maximum time of 7 days. In the absence of communication, the corresponding evaluation in thirtieths will be automatically recorded.