Bachelor's degree in Radiology Techniques for Imaging and Radiotherapy (to qualify as a medical radiology technician) (Verona)

Prevention and Health Promotion (2019/2020)

Course code
4S000379
Credits
5
Coordinator
Carlo Laudanna

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
PRINCIPI DI ASSISTENZA ED IGIENE OSPEDALIERA 2 MED/45-NURSING Lezioni TRSM 1 ANNO 1 SEM Nicoletta Cederle
IGIENE APPLICATA 1 MED/42-HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH Lezioni TRSM 1 ANNO 1 SEM Silvia Majori
PATOLOGIA GENERALE 2 MED/04-EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY Lezioni TRSM 1 ANNO 1 SEM Carlo Laudanna

Learning outcomes

The course covers topics that are preliminary to understanding the basic mechanisms of diseases, the correct behavior with regard to the epidemiology and prevention of infectious diseases and the patient's needs in the radiological department. APPLIED HYGIENE The course should provide students with knowledge about the correct behavior patterns regarding the epidemiology and prevention of major infectious diseases and chronic degenerative diseases which are related to their profession. GENERAL PATHOLOGY The course will develop some arguments of General Pathology preparatory to the understanding of the basic mechanisms of disease. The General Pathology comes at a critical point, the intersection between basic and clinical science. The course was aimed at establishing essential links between clinical and fundamental mechanisms, facilitating the understanding of the conceptual basis of disease. PRINCIPLES OF CARE AND HOSPITAL HYGIENE Taking and managing the patient both in the radiology room and in the operating units considering the patient's needs.

Syllabus

The program in brief
They will be explained: The general concepts of illness, disease and etio-pathology; the cell-based disease; oncology elements; immunity and inflammation


Detailed program

1) Generalities

a) Introduction to general pathology: fields and discipline purposes
b) The disease: definition; causes (determinants, adjuvants, occasional); pathogenesis; course (recurrence, relapse); outcomes (healing, chronic, death); diagnosis (signs and physical examination, symptoms and medical history).

2) Cell pathology

a) General concepts: the disease as the expression of cell damage?

b) Degenerative changes of the cells:
Causes (genetic, nutritional, from chemical, physical, from lack of oxygen, by living agents).
reversible cell damage, irreversible cell death. morphological cell changes related to the damage: various aspects of degeneration and necrosis

c) Modifications to steady-state cell:
stationary phones were molecular changes (hypertrophy, atrophy, atrophy) and their causes
cellular changes (hyperplasia, hypoplasia, aplasia) and their causes

d) Alterations of cellular differentiation processes:
Metaplasia, anaplasia, dysplasia

3) Oncology

Definition of neoplastic cells, benign and malignant tumors, Natural history of cancer: advancement, growth, progress, general effects on body. Metastasis

4) Inflammation

a) General concepts: utility of the inflammatory process
b) Acute inflammation: local and general manifestations of inflammation; causes; pathogenetic mechanisms (vascular component, the white blood cell component and the chemical mediators). The exudate and types of inflammation (erythema, serous, catarrhal, purulent, fibrinous, hemorrhagic, necrotizing). The consequences on 'body (abscess, phlegmon, fistula, adhesion, synechiae, payments).
c) Chronic inflammation: Causes; pathogenetic mechanisms; granuloma and granulomatous diseases.

Assessment methods and criteria

Written with multiple answers questions

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Robbins e Cotran Le basi patologiche delle malattie (due volumi) Elsevier 2010
Pontieri GM Patologia e Fisiopatologia Generale Piccin Editore, Padova 2002
Pontieri GM Patologia e Fisiopatologia Generale per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie (ristampa aggiornata) Edizioni Piccin, Padova 2007
RUBIN ET AL. Patologia. Fondamenti clinicopatologici in medicina Casa Editrice Ambrosiana 2006
Adler M. Arlene, Carlton Richard R. Assistenza di base alla persona McGraw-Hill 2004
Saiani Luisa-Brugnolli Anna Trattato di cure infermieristiche (Edizione 2) Idelson-Gnocchi 2013 8879475762
Auxilia F, Pontello M “Igiene e Sanità Pubblica: I fondamenti della Prevenzione” PICCIN - PADOVA 2011 978-88-299-2069-3
PONTIERI-RUSSO-FRATI PATOLOGIA GENERALE (Edizione 3) PICCIN 2005


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