Bachelor's degree in Biomedical Laboratory Techniques (to qualify as a biomedical laboratory worker) (Verona)

Principles of law, bioethics and professional ethics - STORIA DELLA MEDICINA

Course code
Name of lecturer
Nicolo Nicoli Aldini
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
Lezioni 2 Semestre TLB dal Mar 4, 2019 al May 3, 2019.

To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link * Course organization

Lesson timetable

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Learning outcomes

The aim is to give a comprehensive and critical overview of the historical evolution of medicine, with a special attention to the laboratory investigations for the diagnosis (clinical chemistry, microbiology, histology and histopatology).
The course is divided in two parts:
1) General part: Epochs, facts and figures in the history of medicine.
From ancient times to the Renaissance; the experimental method in the XVII century; the eighteenth century and enlightenment medicine; the nineteenth century and the modern medicine.
2) Special part: The ways and methods of diagnosis: the senses and the instruments.
The laboratory evolution in medicine. The microscope in medical and biological sciences.


Epochs, facts and figures in the History of Medicine

1) Paleopatology and the beginnings of the art of healing
2) Medicine in ancient civilizations
3) The classic ages: Greek and Roman medicine
4) The Arabic medicine
5) The Middle Ages in Europe: the School of Salerno; the birth of universities; the origin of the hospital assistance; the practice of medicine and surgery
6) The Renaissance and the new trends in medicine: the anatomy and its teaching; surgery
7) The XVII century and the onset of the experimental method; William Harvey and the blood circulation; anatomy and microscopic anatomy; medical and surgical schools
8) Medicine in the Eighteenth century; Morgagni and morbid anatomy; medical theorists and medical systems; the vaccination; the anatomo-clinical method.
9) Scientific medicine in the XIX century; anatomy, physiology, biochemistry; the cell theory; the birth of microbiology; pharmacology; changing the surgery: anaesthesia, antisepsis, asepsis; new instruments for diagnosis; public health and hospitals; medical specializations.
The ways and methods of diagnosis: the senses and the instruments
10) The onset and evolution of laboratory medicine related to the clinical advancement and to the improvement of instruments
11) The development of microscope and the related disciplines: microbiology, histology, histopatology.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Pandolfi C., Bevilacqua N. Il Laboratorio Medico – Dall’ Alchimia al Computer Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, – Napoli 2003
Lippi D., Conti A., Abbate R. Storia della Medicina per il Corso di Laurea Triennale per Tecnici sanitari di Laboratorio Biomedico. CLUEB ed. Bologna 2002
Docente Viene distribuito come traccia di studio il testo di tutte le diapositive proiettate nel corso delle lezioni  

Assessment methods and criteria

The exam is aimed at verifying students' learning of the entire program of the module, both for the general part and for the special part. The test will take place after the end of the lessons, within the lapses provided by the didactic schedule for the exams, and the sessions are set in agreement and in coordination with the other teachers of the Integrated Course. The exam consists of a written answer to questions formulated as a quiz with a choice between multiple answers. Grades are given on a scale of 30/30 and the test is overcome with reaching the minimum score of 18/30. The grade of the single module is then sent to the Coordinator of the Integrated Course, which calculates the final grade as the average of the votes given by the individual exams. The test does not differ in the case of attending or non-attending students.


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