Bachelor's degree in Dental Hygiene (Rovereto)

Pathology and general dentistry - PATOLOGIA GENERALE

Course code
Name of lecturer
Vittorina Della Bianca
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
Lezioni 2 Semestre CLID ROV dal Mar 4, 2019 al May 3, 2019.

To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link * Course organization

Lesson timetable

Go to lesson schedule

Learning outcomes

The student must acquire knowledge of the mechanisms of cellular and molecular damage and of the pathogenetic processes and mechanisms of reaction to restore health. The main training objectives are:
• understanding of the mechanisms of cellular and molecular damage;
• learn about reactions to biological damage which are crucial in the process of healing/repair or pathology, with an emphasis on mechanisms of immunity, inflammation, wound healing and chronic biological processes;
• gain knowledge of scientific terms and language that are used in medical practice in order to effectively communicate with other health care professionals.


I. Introduction:
- general concepts
- the pathological process as an alteration of homeostasis
- adaptation, compensation and responsiveness
- pathogenesis
- etiology
II. Cellular Pathology:
-cell death: necrosis and apoptosis
- pathogenetic processes implicated in cellular damage
III. Natural immunity and acquired immunity:
- innate immune cells
- adaptive immune cells
IV. Tissue responses to cell damage:
- acute inflammation: changes in flow and vascular permeability;
- inflammatory exudates (types, composition, localization);
- mechanisms controlling phagocyte migration to the inflammatory sites
- effector functions of phagocytes: oxygen-dependent and oxygen-independent bactericidal mechanisms, phagocytosis
V. Mediators of acute inflammation: plasma-derived mediators and cell-derived mediators
- coagulation system, complement system, vasoactive amines
- cytokines
VI. Evolution of the acute inflammatory response:
-tissue repair, regeneration and fibrosis
-chronic inflammation: chronic systemic diseases that affect the joints and connective tissues
VII. Neoplasms

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Pontieri G.M. Elementi di Patologia generale Piccin 2018
Vera Del Gobbo Immunologia per le Lauree Sanitarie Piccin 2013
E. Albi, F.S. Ambesi-Impiombato, F. Curcio, B. Moncharmont, A . Palese Le basi cellulari e molecolari delle malattie - per le lauree triennali e magistrali (Edizione 1) Idelson-Gnocchi - Sorbona 2018
Emanuel Rubin, Howard M. Reisner Patologia Generale. L'essenziale Piccin 2015 978-88-299-2740-1

Assessment methods and criteria

Written exam with 15 multiple choice questions.
Sufficiency is achieved if the student answers at least 9 multiple choice questions.
Evaluation: 2 points for correct answer, 0 for missing/wrong answer.


© 2002 - 2020  Verona University
Via dell'Artigliere 8, 37129 Verona  |  P. I.V.A. 01541040232  |  C. FISCALE 93009870234
Statistics  |  Credits