Bachelor's degree in Nursing (to qualify as a nurse) (Bolzano)

Pathophysiology applied at Nursing - SEMEIOTICA E FISIOPATOLOGIA

Course code
Name of lecturer
Michael Mian
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
INF BZ - 1° anno 2° sem dal Feb 1, 2019 al Mar 29, 2019.

To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link * Course organization

Lesson timetable

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Learning outcomes

Provide the students with the basic pathophysiopathology concepts in order to learn how to understand and successively manage the problems of patients' pathologies.


Basic cell mechanisms: O2 management, uptake of nutrients and elimination of metabolites as well as fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance of the cell. Anemia: in particular anemia caused deficiency of iron and vitamins, hyporegenerative anemia, and haemoglobinopathies. Hydro-electrolyte balance of the body: maintenance of volumes and distribution of liquids and their alterations: hyperhydration and dehydration syndromes, intra-extracellular fluid balance (isotonic, hypertonic and hypotonic solutions), intra and extracellular buffer systems, maintenance of hydro-electrolyte and acid- base equilibrium. Semeiotic of hydro-electrolytic imbalances.  Endocrine Disorders: Main hormones, hyper- and hypofunction of the main endocrine glands and stress response, diabetes mellitus, hyper- and hypoglycaemia. Semiotics of the endocrine system.  Respiratory system: ventilation, alveolo-capillary diffusion of the gas, alveolar ventilation-perfusion ratio. Respiratory failure. Semiotics of the respiratory system. Cardiovascular system: vascular tone and blood pressure control, arterial hypertension, ischemic heart disease, left and right heart failure, shock. Semeiotic of the heart.  Urinary tract: brief details of kidney disease and chronic renal failure. Digestive system: malnutrition, portal hypertension, ascites. Digestive semeiotics of the digestive system  Central nervous system disorders following metabolic alterations (hypoxia, hypercapnia, hypoglycaemia, hypertonia and extracellular hypotonia, hyperamoniemia

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Stefan Silbernagl & Florian Lang Taschenatlas der Pathophysiologie Thieme 2013
Stefan Silbernagl & Agamemnon Despopulos Taschenatlas der Physiologie Thieme 2012

Assessment methods and criteria

single choice test


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