Bachelor's degree in Nursing (to qualify as a nurse) (Bolzano)

Morphological and functional fundamentals of life - ANATOMIA UMANA

Course code
Name of lecturer
Paolo Fabene
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
INF BZ - 1° anno 1° sem dal Oct 1, 2018 al Dec 21, 2018.

To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link * Course organization

Lesson timetable

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Learning outcomes

The course introduces the student to the ability of describing the human’s body structure from the macroscopic level to the microscopic level in health conditions and to know the essential morphologic characteristics of systems, organs, tissues, cells and subcellular structures of the human body and their main related Morphofunctional. It also proposes the study of the physiological phenomena of the various systems, in a holistic view , from the cell to the whole organism and to recognize the principles of homeostasis and the control mechanisms that oversee them and the major adjustments in non- basal conditions.


General anatomy: anatomical terminology: terms of position and movement. Main reference surface lines. Overview of topographical anatomy. Overview of surface anatomy. General organization of hollow and full organs.
Integumentary system: skin and skin appendages, skin receptors, mammary gland.
Locomotor system
Osteology: Generalities on bones. Axis skeleton and appendicular skeleton: neurocranium and splanchnocranium, rachis, rib cage, scapular and pelvic girdle and upper and lower limbs.
Arthrology: classification and structure of the joints: sinartrosis and diarthrosis. Ossification processes.
Myology: generalities and main muscles of the body.
Nervous system: central and peripheral nervous system. White and gray substance. The nerve, the motor and sensory unit, the sensitivity. Meninges, sickles, venous sinuses and sinuses. CNS cavities, chorioid plexi, cerebrospinal fluid, arachnoidal granulations. Spinal cord, myelencephalon, metencephalon, midbrain, diencephalon and telencephalon. Cortical areas, motor and sensory homunculus. Ascending pathways (via spino-thalamic, spino-bulb-thalamic and spino-cerebellar) and descending (direct and indirect cortical-spinal) of the spinal cord. Orthosympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. Cranial and spinal nerves. Vascularization of the brain.
Cardiovascular system: small and large circulation. Pericardium, heart, heart valves, vascularization, innervation. Structure of arteries, veins, capillaries. Main arterial and venous branches of the great circulation. Hepatic portal system. Fetal circulation.
Blood and lymphatic system: lymph and lymphatic vessels, tonsils, thymus, lymph nodes, spleen.
Digestive system: mouth, teeth, tongue, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, peritoneum and months, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum. Liver, gall bladder, pancreas.
Respiratory system: upper and lower airways, nasal cavities, paranasal sinuses, respiratory mucosa and olfactory. Larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs, pulmonary alveoli and.
Uropoietic apparatus: kidney, vascularization. The nephron and the iuxtaglomerulare apparatus. Urinary tract (renal goblets, pelvis, ureters, bladder, urethra).
Endocrine system: endocrine glands, localization and hormones produced. Epiphysis, hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, thymus, endocrine pancreas, adrenal glands.
Male genital apparatus: scrotum, testis, epididymis, deferent, spermatic cord, seminal vesicles, ejaculatory ducts, prostate, bulb-urethral glands, penis.
Female genital apparatus: ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, external genitalia.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Seeley Anatomia e cenni di Anatomia Microscopica Istologia Fisiologia (Edizione 3) Idelson-Gnocchi srl Sorbona, Napoli 2014
Pasqualino A., Panattoni G.L. Anatomia umana. Citologia, istologia, embriologia, anatomia sistematica UTET, Torino 2002
SBARBATI Andrea Anatomia Umana Normale. Sorbona, Napoli 2003

Assessment methods and criteria

Writing Test

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