Bachelor's degree in Nursing (to qualify as a nurse) (Trento)

Application of diagnostic and therapeutic processes (2018/2019)

Course code
4S000098
Credits
6
Coordinator
Ugo Moretti

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
SCIENZE DIETETICHE 1 MED/49-FOOD AND DIETETIC SCIENCES INF TN - 2° anno 1° sem Carlo Pedrolli
FARMACOLOGIA CLINICA 2 BIO/14-PHARMACOLOGY INF TN - 2° anno 1° sem Ugo Moretti
INFERMIERISTICA APPLICATA AI PERCORSI DIAGNOSTICI E TERAPEUTICI 2 MED/45-NURSING INF TN - 2° anno 1° sem Stefano Toccoli
DIAGNOSTICA PER IMMAGINI E RADIOPROTEZIONE 1 MED/36-IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY INF TN - 2° anno 1° sem Sabino Della Sala

Learning outcomes

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MM: SCIENZE DIETETICHE
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MM: FARMACOLOGIA CLINICA
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The course aims to provide to the student knowledgebase of clinical pharmacology necessary for nursing, and useful in the control and management of drug therapies, with particular reference to the identification and prevention of major adverse drug events for each category of drugs studied. Equally important it is to have the necessary knowledge to be able to make an effective drug education to patients.
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MM: INFERMIERISTICA APPLICATA AI PERCORSI DIAGNOSTICI E TERAPEUTICI
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The course focuses on the management and application of diagnostic and therapeutic processes that are required to provide safe and effective nursing assistance to patients at different stages of care, during stability or exacerbation, regardless of the context in which the person is ( domicile, hospital, residential contexts). This course is based on the principles of safety and effectiveness of treatments and treatments to achieve health outcomes or a state of compensation for the patient and to evaluate the progress of care in collaboration with the team with a multidisciplinary approach. The approach considers the methods of application and implementation of educational interventions aimed at promoting self-care, involvement and participation of the patients in the indicated treatments, as well as ensuring strategies for monitoring and monitoring the effects. Teaching contributes to the achievement of the following learning outcomes: - guarantee the safe administration of drug therapy and monitor its effectiveness; - activate decision-making processes on the basis of patients' conditions, expected responses or side effects, the impact and adhesion of patients to treatments, - manage diagnostic and therapeutic procedures ensuring adequate patient preparation and post-procedure surveillance; integrate nursing care into the multidisciplinary care project - support patient learning for self-management of nutritional and therapeutic programs.
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MM: DIAGNOSTICA PER IMMAGINI E RADIOPROTEZIONE
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Imaging methods and techniques. Radiobiology and radioprotection. Contrast media in diagnostic imaging.

Syllabus

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MM: SCIENZE DIETETICHE
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MM: FARMACOLOGIA CLINICA
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At the end of the course the student should know the most important characteristics, the mechanism of action (in relation to the adverse events), the most frequent and serious adverse reactions, the contraindications, the precautions, the problems related to the management of the therapy (eg interactions, drugs administration), the main indications and the most used single drugs for each of the following drug classes: Cardiovascular drugs: digitalis, antiarrhythmics, Antihypertensives, antianginals, diuretics, cholesterol lowering agents, Anticoagulants, Antiplatelet agents (the following categories also include Calcium channel blockers, beta blockers, ACE inhibitors, sartans and statins) Respiratory drugs: Antiasthmatics, Cough Sedatives, Mucolytics Gastrointestinal drugs: Antiulcer (gastroprotectors), Antiemetics, laxatives Drugs of the nervous system: Opioid analgesics (pain therapy), Anxiolytic - Sedative-hypnotics (benzodiazepines), antidepressants. As part of the course is scheduled the discussion of one or more clinical cases.
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MM: INFERMIERISTICA APPLICATA AI PERCORSI DIAGNOSTICI E TERAPEUTICI
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Methods for the safe administration of therapies. Administration of oral or parenteral drugs. Management of therapy related to meals and foods: full and empty stomach, management of drugs in pre-postoperative and during diagnostic tests. Advantages and limitations of computerized methods and tools for managing therapies. - Safe mode for the crushing, pulverizing and masking of drugs (in the dysphagic person and with a gastric nose tube or PEG) - Calculation exercises applied to drug therapy. - Management of peripheral and central and peripheral vascular accesses with peripheral insertion; interventions for the prevention of major complications (phlebitis, occlusion, infiltration and extravasation). - Venous, capillary and arterial sampling by radial arterial blood gas analysis. Interventions for the control of preanalytic variability and for obtaining the validity of the sample. - Preparation and assistance to the person subjected to instrumental investigations. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy, bronchoscopy or subjected to diagnostic procedures that require contrast agents; resumption of feeding after gastroscopy or bronchoscopy. - Assist and educate the person with Enteral Nutrition (NE) via gastric nose tube (SNG) and percutaneous endoscopy gastrostomy (PEG) and total parenteral nutrition (NPT) - Educating the person to treatment with oral anticoagulants
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MM: DIAGNOSTICA PER IMMAGINI E RADIOPROTEZIONE
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Ultrasound, CT and MRI. Radioprotection. Imaging anatomy. Contrast media. Imaging examinations.

Assessment methods and criteria

written text with multiple choice questions

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Singoli moduli Vedi i libri indicati nei singoli moduli 2019
Battaglia E, Noè D. Elementi di Fisiologia e Scienze dell'Alimentazione. McGraw-Hill Companies 2008
Marina Vanzetta Roberto Leone Maurizio Volterrani Farmaci e infermiere. Un prontuario per la somministrazione McGraw-Hill Education 2013
Taglialatela Conforti Cuzzolin Leone Mattioli Moretti Pignataro Vanzetta Farmacologia per le lauree triennali e magistrali II Edizione (Edizione 2) Sorbona 2019




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