Bachelor's degree in Nursing (to qualify as a nurse) (Trento)

Pathophysiology applied at Nursing - SEMEIOTICA E FISIOPATOLOGIA

Course code
Name of lecturer
Cristiano Fava
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
INF TN - 1° anno 2° sem dal Feb 1, 2018 al Apr 11, 2018.

To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link * Course organization

Lesson timetable

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Learning outcomes

The course introduces the student to the basic concepts of major diseases and the fundamental pathogenetic processes correlate to cell changes, the organ function, homeostatic mechanisms, and clinical manifestations of disease. It is also proposed the study of the basic principles of pharmacology, in particular pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic mechanisms and introduces the student to understand and assess the benefit and risk profile of medicines. It is also proposed to develop in the student an approach oriented to the definition of the problems, the choice of prevention interventions and alterations management of respiratory function and elimination, the recognition and multidimensional assessment of pain.


• Basic needs of the cells: contribution of O2, nutrients and elimination of metabolites, maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance and acid-base intake. Anemia: in particular deficiency anemia, and hemoglobinopathies iporigenerative.
• Body fluid and electrolyte balance: maintaining volume and distribution of fluids and their alterations: syndromes overhydration and dehydration, intra-extracellular fluid equilibrium (isotonic, hypertonic and hypotonic), intra and extracellular buffer systems, maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance and acid-base. Semiotics of hydro electrolytic imbalances.
• Endocrine system: hormones with major metabolic activity and the circle adjustment and volumes, hyper and hypofunction of the main endocrine glands and response to stress, diabetes mellitus, hyper- and hypoglycemia. Elements of the endocrine symptomatology.
• Respiratory system: a change in ventilation, alveolar-capillary diffusion of gases, the report alveolar ventilation-perfusion. Respiratory failure. Signs of respiratory symptomatology.
• Cardiovascular system: control of vascular tone and blood pressure, high blood pressure (notes on the pathophysiological hypotheses with endocrine pathophysiology calls), ischemic heart disease, right and left heart failure and shock. Semiotics of the heart.
• Urinary system: very brief about kidney disease and on the chronic renal failure.
• Digestive System: malnutrition, portal hypertension (brief notes), ascites. Elements of digestive symptomatology
• Suffering of the central nervous system as a result of metabolic disorders (hypoxia, hypercapnia, hypoglycaemia, hypertonia and extracellular hypotonia, hyperammonemia).

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Giuseppe Pontieri Elementi di fisiopatologia generale per corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie (Edizione 3) Piccin 2012

Assessment methods and criteria

Writing exam (Multiple choice test), eventual oral exam
Pontieri G.M., Patologia Generale e Fisiopatologia Generale, 2007, Ed. Piccin II edizione: Padova.
Howland R. D., Mycek M.J. Le basi della farmacologia, 2007, Zanichelli
Anglani A. Farmacologia e Tossicologia, 1995, McGraw-Hill: Milano
Clayton,Stock: Fondamenti di Farmacologia per infermieri II Ed. 2007, EdiSES - Napoli
Cella S.G., Di Giulio A.M., Gorio A., Scaglione F. Farmacologia generale e speciale per le lauree sanitarie, 2010, Piccin Padova
Saiani L. e Brugnolli A. (2011). Trattato di cure infermieristiche, Ed. Sorbona Napoli
Miller M.J. Fisiopatologia. Principi della Malattia. Ed. Ambrosiana, Milano.
Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi “Medicina Interna per scienze infermieristiche” 2012 by Piccin Nuova Libreria S.p.a. Padova


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