Bachelor's degree in Nursing (to qualify as a nurse) (Vicenza)

Pathophysiology applied at Nursing - SEMEIOTICA E FISIOPATOLOGIA

Course code
Name of lecturer
Elena Zoico
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
INF VI - 1° anno 2° sem dal Feb 1, 2018 al Mar 29, 2018.

To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link * Course organization

Lesson timetable

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Learning outcomes

The course addresses the basic physiopathological concepts of the main diseases and the fundamental pathogenetic processes related to cell changes leading toward organ function, homeostatic mechanisms and eventually overt clinical manifestations of a disease.
Another objective of the course is the recognition of the main signs and symptoms of such alterations, favoring their interpretation.
One of the major aim of the teaching course is to favor the comprehension of an approach oriented to the definition of problems together with problem solving procedures by the evaluation of choices of disease prevention related to main organ functions and to an appropriate recognition and multidisciplinary assessment and solving procedures of acute and chronic pain symptoms.


Basic cell function mechanisms: contribution of O2, nutrients and elimination of metabolites, maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance and acid-base equilibrium. Anemias due to nutritional deficiency and hemoglobinopathies. Body fluid and electrolyte balance: maintaining volume and distribution of fluids and their alterations: overhydration syndromes and dehydration, intra-extracellular fluid equilibrium (isotonic, hypertonic and hypotonic), maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance and acid-base. Semiotics of hydroelectrolyte imbalances. Endocrine system: hormones with major metabolic activity and the circle adjustment and volumes, hyper and hypofunction of the main endocrine glands and response to stress; diabetes mellitus, hyper- and hypoglycemia. Elements of symptoms related to endocrine diseases. Respiratory system: ventilation, alveolar-capillary diffusion of gases, alveolar ventilation-perfusion. Respiratory failure. Semeiotics of respiratory system. Cardiovascular system: control of vascular tone and blood pressure, high blood pressure (notes on the pathophysiological hypotheses), ischemic heart disease, right and left heart failure and cardiogenic shock. Semeiotics of the cardiovascular system. Urinary system: main kidney diseases and on chronic renal failure. Digestive System: malnutrition, portal hypertension (brief notes), ascites. Elements of digestive symptomatology.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Giuseppe Pontieri Elementi di fisiopatologia generale per corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie (Edizione 3) Piccin 2012
Curatore: G. Covi, G. Montesi Fisiopatologia. L'essenziale per la clinica e l'assistenza (Edizione 1) Editore: Idelson-Gnocchi 2008 9788879474702
Amoroso A, Costantino S, Afeltra A, Picardi A, Vettore L. Semeiotica pratica. Sussidio multimediale per l’apprendimento e la verifica delle principali manovre semeiologiche. Centro Scientifico Editore 2005

Assessment methods and criteria

Multiple choice test


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