Bachelor's degree in Speech and Language Therapy (to qualify as a speech and language therapist)

Health promotion, risk prevention and safety (2017/2018)

Course code
4S000170
Credits
6
Coordinator
Stefano Bernardelli

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
METODOLOGIA EPIDEMIOLOGICA E IGIENE GENERALE 2 MED/42-HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH LOGO 1^ ANNO - 1^ SEMESTRE Albino Poli
MICROBIOLOGIA CLINICA 1 MED/07-MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY LOGO 1^ ANNO - 1^ SEMESTRE Marzia Boaretti
DIAGNOSTICA PER IMMAGINI E RADIOPROTEZIONE 1 MED/36-IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY FISIO VR 1^ ANNO - 1^ SEMESTRE Marco Ferdeghini
PRINCIPI E TECNICHE DI PRIMO SOCCORSO 1 MED/45-NURSING LOGO 1^ ANNO - 1^ SEMESTRE Stefano Bernardelli
MEDICINA DEL LAVORO 1 MED/44-OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE LOGO 1^ ANNO - 1^ SEMESTRE Stefano Porru

Learning outcomes

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MM: METODOLOGIA EPIDEMIOLOGICA E IGIENE GENERALE
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The course leads the student to know the main determinants of health and disease, the preventive strategies both individual and collective, and of interventions to promote the health and safety of their users. Particularly, it aims to understand the causes, the pathogenic mechanisms, and the methods of prevention and control of infectious diseases.
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MM: MICROBIOLOGIA CLINICA
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The aim of this course is providing the students with knowledge of general and clinical microbiology. First, the general characteristics of various microorganisms will be treated; also the mechanisms involved in their pathogenesis will be examined. Other subjects of this course will be: some examples of specific diseases caused by various microorganism and some indications about the diagnosis of these deseases.
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MM: DIAGNOSTICA PER IMMAGINI E RADIOPROTEZIONE
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MM: PRINCIPI E TECNICHE DI PRIMO SOCCORSO
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At the end of the lessons the student must be able to: * recognize the main relief panels * activate the early rescue chain * provide the first necessary care in safety
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MM: MEDICINA DEL LAVORO
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To acquire basic knowledge and understanding on health and safety prevention and health promotion and management in workplaces. To acquire, through field examples, knowledge and understanding about general principles of occupational health, risk assessment, health surveillance, fitness for work, health education, legislation, with reference to different risk factors (e.g., chemicals, physical agents, biohazards, ergonomics, organization and psychosocial factors, injuries). Attention will be dedicated to let the student acquire knowledge and understanding about the roles of the different professionals and institutions committed to prevention as well as the awareness that in their professional activity there might be the opportunity to apply health education to the persons they have in charge also regarding health and safety issues in workplaces.

Syllabus

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MM: METODOLOGIA EPIDEMIOLOGICA E IGIENE GENERALE
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Brief summary of the epidemiological tools: - Definition, objectives and characteristics of epidemiology - Measures in epidemiology - The concept of health, disease and causes in the epidemiology. Criteria for the assessment of the causal connection. - The main types of epidemiological studies: descriptive, analytical, experimental Epidemiology and prevention of infectious diseases: - The epidemiological chain and the methods of transmission: endemic, sporadic and epidemic diseases - The generic direct prophylaxis: standard precautions according to the CDC in Atlanta - Indirect prophylaxis: hints on disinfection and sterilization of substrates - The specific prophylaxis: vaccine prophylaxis: vaccine strategies, the Italian law and vaccine, the schedule of childhood vaccinations
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MM: MICROBIOLOGIA CLINICA
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Picture of biological word: position and characteristics of microorganisms. Bacteria: cell morphology, essential and optional components. The bacterial wall, the cytoplasmic membrane, the genetic material. Flagella, fimbriae and pili, plasmids. Endospores. Pathogenic activity: conventional and opportunistic pathogens. Various determinants of virulence with reference to exotoxins and endotoxins. Some examples of diseases mediated by production of toxins. Antibacterial drugs: classification and main mechanisms of action. Sepsis: symptoms and causes. Notices on Fungi. Viruses: morphology and organization of virions, biological behaviour. Viral replication: various replicative strategies of DNA and RNA viruses. Viral pathogenesis. Acute diseases and persistence. Latent and chronic infections.
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MM: DIAGNOSTICA PER IMMAGINI E RADIOPROTEZIONE
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MM: PRINCIPI E TECNICHE DI PRIMO SOCCORSO
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* THE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF THE "FIRST AID" IN THE WORKING ENVIRONMENTS * ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE HUMAN BODY MOST FREQUENT RISKS AND DISEASES IN THE WORKING ENVIRONMENTS, classic pathological pictures * BLS SEQUENCE
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MM: MEDICINA DEL LAVORO
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1) General principles of occupational health and safety and prevention in workplaces 2) National laws, rules and regulations on prevention, health and safety in the workplace 3) Occupational health and safety professionals and institutions 4) Occupational hazards and risks. Work-related diseases. Occupational injuries 5) Risk assessment. Health surveillance. Fitness for work. Medico-legal obligations. 6) Occupational Health for health care workers. Risk factors: chemicals, biological agents, ergonomics, organizative-psychosocial. TEACHING MATERIAL 1) La Medicina del lavoro: medicina e salute occupazionale. Alessio L, Franco G. In: Trattato di Medicina del Lavoro. Alessio L, Franco G, Tomei F. Editori. Piccin Nuova Libraria, Padova, 2015, Capitolo 5, pag.63-73. 2) Valutazione del rischio. Manno M, Cavallo DM, Cattaneo A. In: Trattato di Medicina del Lavoro. Alessio L, Franco G, Tomei F. Editori. Piccin Nuova Libraria, Padova, 2015, Capitolo 15, pag.209-227. 3) Rischi tradizionali, attuali, emergenti. Alessio L, Farina G. In: Trattato di Medicina del Lavoro. Alessio L, Franco G, Tomei F. Editori. Piccin Nuova Libraria, Padova, 2015, Capitolo 60, pag.671-679. 4) Sorveglianza sanitaria. Soleo L, Basso A, Lovreglio P. In: Trattato di Medicina del Lavoro. Alessio L, Franco G, Tomei F. Editori. Piccin Nuova Libraria, Padova, 2015, Capitolo 23, pag.317-333. 5) Normativa attuale. Cantoni S. In: Trattato di Medicina del Lavoro. Alessio L, Franco G, Tomei F. Editori. Piccin Nuova Libraria, Padova, 2015, Capitolo 34, pag.437-447. 6) Tecniche della comunicazione: informazione-formazione dei lavoratori. In: Trattato di Medicina del Lavoro. Alessio L, Franco G, Tomei F. Editori. Piccin Nuova Libraria, Padova, 2015, Capitolo 30, pag.399-406. 7) Rischi in sanità. Introduzione. Bartolucci GB, Spatari G. In: Trattato di Medicina del Lavoro. Alessio L, Franco G, Tomei F. Editori. Piccin Nuova Libraria, Padova, 2015, Capitolo 162, pag.1885-1890. 8) Patologie da stress. Perbellini L, Romeo L, Goio I, Baldo M. In: Trattato di Medicina del Lavoro. Alessio L, Franco G, Tomei F. Editori. Piccin Nuova Libraria, Padova, 2015, Capitolo 152, pag.1743-1756. 9) Rischi in sanità. Rischio biologico. Porru S, Tonozzi B. In: Trattato di Medicina del Lavoro. Alessio L, Franco G, Tomei F. Editori. Piccin Nuova Libraria, Padova, 2015, Capitolo 164, pag.1899-1914. TEACHING METHODS The course will be conducted by means of lectures, with constant pursue of students’ involvement in concept elaboration, with ample time for discussion and interaction. Lectures will include practical examples from the field.

Assessment methods and criteria

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MM: METODOLOGIA EPIDEMIOLOGICA E IGIENE GENERALE
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written test
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MM: MICROBIOLOGIA CLINICA
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Written test
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MM: DIAGNOSTICA PER IMMAGINI E RADIOPROTEZIONE
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MM: PRINCIPI E TECNICHE DI PRIMO SOCCORSO
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Written test mixed with an open and closed answer
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MM: MEDICINA DEL LAVORO
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The examination is an oral assessment.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Francesco Vitale, Michele Zagra Igiene, epidemiologia e organizzazione sanitaria orientata per problemi (Edizione 1) ELSEVIER 2012 978-88-214-3424-2
Simona De Grazia, D. Ferraro, G. Giammanco Microbiologia e microbiologia clinica per infermieri Pearson 2017
AA.VV. Manuale per gli incaricati di primo soccorso (Edizione 2) INAIL 2012




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