Bachelor's degree in Environmental and Workplace Accident Prevention Techniques (Trento)

Biomolecular fondamentals of life - BIOCHIMICA

Course code
4S000089
Name of lecturer
Massimo Donadelli
Number of ECTS credits allocated
2
Academic sector
BIO/10 - BIOCHEMISTRY
Language of instruction
Italian
Location
TRENTO
Period
1° ANNO 1° Semestre dal Oct 3, 2016 al Dec 31, 2016.

To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link * Course organization

Lesson timetable

1° ANNO 1° Semestre

Not inserted.

Learning outcomes

Knowing the molecular processes that underlie the cellular and body functions. Knowing as they occur and how these biochemical transformations govern the metabolism are regulated. Knowing bioenergetics and metabolism of the cells and of the entire organism.

Syllabus

- Carbohydrates: monosaccharides, disaccharides, polysaccharides, glycogen, starch, cellulose, glycosaminoglycans, proteoglycans and glycoproteins.
- Proteins: amino acids, protein structure levels, peptide bond, alpha-helix, beta-sheet, globular protein, myoglobin and hemoglobin, allosteric regulation.
- Enzymes: Classification of enzymes, active site, specificity and isoenzymes, cofactors and coenzymes, vitamins, regulation of enzyme activity, allosteric enzymes.
- Lipids: lipids and their functions, acylglycerols fatty acids, phospholipids, terpenes, steroids, cholesterol, fat-soluble vitamins, eicosanoids, lipoproteins.
- Introduction to metabolism: catabolism and anabolism, ATP and phosphocreatine, coenzymes redox (NAD + and FAD), redox reactions, metabolic pathways, metabolic intermediates, regulating metabolism, coupled reactions, signs of genetic defects of metabolism.
- Carbohydrate metabolism: glycolysis and its regulation, pentose phosphate pathway, alcoholic and lactic fermentation, synthesis of acetyl-coenzyme A, oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate, Krebs cycle and its regulation, gluconeogenesis and its regulation, Cori cycle, glycogenolysis and glycogen synthesis, hormone regulation (glucagon, insulin and adrenaline), diabetes mellitus.
- Oxidative phosphorylation: mitochondrial respiratory chain, standard reduction potential, electron transport and proton pumps, mitochondrial ATP synthase.
- Lipid metabolism: beta-oxidation of fatty acids, ketones, lipid biosynthesis, acid synthase-fat, cholesterol metabolism.
- Metabolism of proteins and amino acids: transamination, glucose-alanine cycle, urea cycle, biosynthesis of amino acids, branched chain amino acids.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
M. Samaja, R. Paroni Chimica e Biochimica Piccin 2016

Assessment methods and criteria

Written exam including all course modules (multiple choice quiz and open questions) followed by oral discussion. The final evaluation will consider the student’s personal ability to apply notions to the solution/discussion of specific problems.

STUDENT MODULE EVALUATION - 2016/2017






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