Combined Bachelor's + Master's degree in Dentistry and Dental Prosthetics

Principles of Dentistry (2016/2017)

Course code
4S02634
Credits
20
Coordinator
Maria Romanelli

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
BIOINFORMATICA 2 INF/01-INFORMATICS 2° SEMESTRE Maria Romanelli
BIOETICA 2 MED/43-FORENSIC MEDICINE 2° SEMESTRE Domenico De Leo
PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA 5 MED/28-ORAL DISEASES AND DENTISTRY 2° SEMESTRE Massimo Albanese
Dario Bertossi
ODONTOIATRIA PREVENTIVA E DI COMUNITA' 3 MED/28-ORAL DISEASES AND DENTISTRY 2° SEMESTRE Antonio D'Agostino
IGIENE DENTALE 3 MED/50-APPLIED MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY AND METHODOLOGY 2° SEMESTRE Alessia Pardo
ODONTOIATRIA COSMETICA 2 MED/28-ORAL DISEASES AND DENTISTRY 2° SEMESTRE Nicoletta Zerman
ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA 1 NN-- 2° SEMESTRE Dario Bertossi
ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN IGIENE DENTALE 2 NN-- 2° SEMESTRE Alessia Pardo

Learning outcomes

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MM: BIOINFORMATICA
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The course aims to introduce the students to the use of Biomedical databases accessible via the computer network. During the practical exercises the following computational tools for querying the major databases will be used: GeneBank, Genecards, SwissProt, CDD (Conserved Domain Database), and OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man). The human genome sequences will be analyzed using alignment algorithms such as BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool) and FASTA; research strategies based on the alignment programs will be applied to genomic sequence analysis; programs accessible by the server ExPASy (Expert Protein Analysis System) Bioinformatic resource portal will be used for protein analysis.
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MM: BIOETICA
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Bioethics (from ancient Greek ἔθος (or ήθος), ethos, behavior, dress, customs and βίος, bios = "life") is a discipline that deals with issues of morality related to biological research and medicine. From this point of view is so-called framework for meeting and transmission of knowledge from various disciplines such as philosophy, medicine, biology, genetics, law. The course addresses the evolution of thought bioethical premise, from the introduction of the term by the oncologist American Van Rensselaer Potter, who first used it in 1970, to arrive at the thought of E. André Hellegers and W. Reich. Bioethics is defined today as a research area that, thanks to the various disciplines on which poses as the object of his studies for the systematic examination of human conduct in the field of medic
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MM: PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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TO Acquire the main notions about the instrumentation present in the dental office, its functions and maintenance. Acquire the basic notions about patient reception in the study, organization of the first visit, and subsequent appointments. Principal notions of patient-to-patient relationship Practical use of endoral radiographic instrumentation.
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA PREVENTIVA E DI COMUNITA'
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The course aims to provide basic knowledge on the most common pathologies affecting the oral cavity, with particular focus on microbial pathologies and the behavior that have to be observed in order to avoid them. The student will have to master the basic knowledge of main oral pathologies, especially plaque-related pathologies, and the strategies concerning their prevention
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MM: IGIENE DENTALE
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The aims of course give to students the ability to apply correctly the dental hygiene methods and recognition of gingival inflammatory changes and to propose preventive measures for all dental diseases induced by bacterial plaque . Furthemore will be discuss the founding principles of basic dental care- home treatment and dental care- professional treatment that including professional oral Hygiene , scaling , root planing , root debridement and polishing.
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA COSMETICA
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN IGIENE DENTALE
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The student learns about the main technical and related types of equipment for professional dental hygiene above and subgingival.

Syllabus

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MM: BIOINFORMATICA
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During the practical exercises the following computational tools for querying the major databases will be used: GeneBank, Genecards, SwissProt, CDD (Conserved Domain Database), and OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man). The human genome sequences will be analyzed using alignment algorithms such as BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool) and FASTA; research strategies based on the alignment programs will be applied to genomic sequence analysis; programs accessible by the server ExPASy (Expert Protein Analysis System) Bioinformatic resource portal will be used for protein analysis.
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MM: BIOETICA
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Bioethics and Dentistry The evolution of the concept of health and prevention: from dentistry to dentistry of care treatment The judgment on dental work done by other colleges The choice of dental-assisted treatment based on the costs The treatment of patients suffering from highly contagious diseases Research and experimentation in dentistry Aesthetics in Dentistry The relationship between dentist and patient Ethical and legal considerations on professional liability of the freelance dentist Informed consent to medical surgical treatment: critical cases Pain management Responsibility and Ethics Ethical, moral and social responsibility The Principle of Beneficence in Applied Ethics Ethics in dentistry: principles of Ethics and Code of Professional Conduct The new Italian code of medical ethics. Ethical issues in orthodontic practice
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MM: PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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Operating equipment and its functions: assembly-aspiration- lay-out of the dental study Reorganization and sterilization procedures of the assembly Irrigation sterilization procedures First visit Patient History and Clinical Folder Compilation Examination of the oral cavity Instrumental preparation for operating procedures The main dental procedures are: times and behavior patterns Counseling and patient communication Execution of endoral radiography
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA PREVENTIVA E DI COMUNITA'
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Definition and aims of Preventive Dentistry General epidemiology and prevention strategies (primary, secondary and tertiary prevention) Oral health enhancement Caries prevention: epidemiology, etiology, diet and caries, epidemiological index, prevention techniques (toothbrush, toothpaste, brushing techniques, plaque control, fillings, fluoride profilaxis), radiation-related caries Periodontal disease prevention: epidemiology, etiology, clinical classification, periodontal index, prevention techniques (scaling, mouthrinse) Oral cancer prevention: epidemiology, clinical signs and stadiation, risk factors, precancerous lesions Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws: epdiemiology, etiology, risk factors, prevention
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MM: IGIENE DENTALE
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Non-surgical periodontal therapy, examination methods, plaque control, Professional oral hygiene, home oral hygiene, supportive therapy
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA COSMETICA
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN IGIENE DENTALE
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Application techniques and indication: Work's Positions Substances revealing plaque. Periodontal probing Ablation of manual and mechanical calculus. Root planing with manual and mechanical instruments. Double sharpening instruments Removal of soft deposits, exogenous pigments, polishing of dental surfaces.

Assessment methods and criteria

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MM: BIOINFORMATICA
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Written and oral examination
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MM: BIOETICA
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Written multiple choice question Slides of the course
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MM: PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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Oral examination held in association with Prof. Massimo Albanese, co-holder of the teaching
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA PREVENTIVA E DI COMUNITA'
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multiple choice test and oral test
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MM: IGIENE DENTALE
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Written examination with ten open questions
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA COSMETICA
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN IGIENE DENTALE
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The examination will focus on three oral questions / practices on mannequin.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Arthur Lesk Introduction to Bioinformatics OUP Oxford 2013
Medicina legale Appunti delle lezioni  
V. Cortesi Ardizzone , A. Abbinante Igienista orale. Teoria e pratica professionale Edra 2013
Leghissa GC- Moretti S-Palerma C-Buzzi G. La gestione pratica del paziente odontoiatrico. Protocolli, linee guida, norme. Elsevier Masson 2007. 2007
Limeback Hardy Odontoiatria preventiva integrata E.M.S.I. 2015 978-88-86669-95-5
Jan Lindhe, Niklaus P. Lang, Thorkild Karring PARODONTOLOGIA CLINICA E IMPLANTOLOGIA ORALE (Edizione 4) Edi.Ermes 2009 Tomo 1 Cap 1 Anatomia del parodonto Cap 2 Epidemiologia delle malattie parodontali Cap 3 Placca dentale e tartaro Cap 7 malattia gengivale indotta da placca Tomo 2 Cap 18 Esame del paziente affetto da malattia parodontale Cap 19 Piano di trattamento Cap 20 Terapia causale Cap 21 Controllo meccanico della placca sopragengivale Cap 22 Impiego di antisettici nella terapia parodontale Cap 32 Terapia parodontale di sostegno
Antonella Tani Botticelli L'ESPERIENZA E' LA MIGLIORE INSEGNANTE - MANUALE DI IGIENE DENTALE EDIZIONI ARIMINUM ODONTOLOGICA 1999




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