Bachelor's degree in Speech and Language Therapy (to qualify as a speech and language therapist)

Philosophy and Theory of Language (2016/2017)

Course code
4S000167
Credits
9
Coordinator
Anna Maria Rosa Aragno

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
LOGOPEDIA GENERALE 2 MED/50-APPLIED MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY AND METHODOLOGY LOGO 1^ ANNO - 1^ SEMESTRE Anna Cinì
PSICOLOGIA DELL'ETA' EVOLUTIVA 2 M-PSI/04-DEVELOPMENTAL AND EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY LOGO 1^ ANNO - 1^ SEMESTRE Marinella Majorano
SEMEIOTICA DELLA COMUNICAZIONE E DEL LINGUAGGIO 2 M-FIL/05-PHILOSOPHY AND THEORY OF LANGUAGE LOGO 1^ ANNO - 1^ SEMESTRE Anna Maria Rosa Aragno
PSICOLOGIA COGNITIVA DEL LINGUAGGIO 2 M-PSI/01-GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY LOGO 1^ ANNO - 1^ SEMESTRE Massimo Girelli
PSICOLOGIA GENERALE 1 M-PSI/01-GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY LOGO 1^ ANNO - 1^ SEMESTRE Massimo Girelli

Learning outcomes

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MM: LOGOPEDIA GENERALE
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General knowledge of speech pathology
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MM: PSICOLOGIA DELL'ETA' EVOLUTIVA
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The course aims to provide a basic understanding of the theoretical and methodological issues related to the stages of development of a child's learning process in an educational context and to provide a basic knowledge of the risk indicators of difficulties or delays in these processes in preschool and school-aged children. Specifically, the expected learning outcomes are as follows: 1) knowledge and understanding of the development of the socio-emotional and learning processes, with reference to the main theoretical models and understanding of the role of memory and attention in learning development; 2) the ability to critically take into account the relationship between the characteristics of the child (individual factors, skills, how he/she learns), characteristics of the school environment (education, teaching methods, the class group and the wider school setting) and other contexts in order to determine the developmental processes; 3) the ability to develop a critical understanding of the topics and to use bibliographical sources with autonomy.
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MM: SEMEIOTICA DELLA COMUNICAZIONE E DEL LINGUAGGIO
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Learning outcomes The aim of the course is to provide students with the knowledge on general aspects of communication and human language. In particular basic knowledge will be provided to illustrate the physiology of vocal production, describing the operation of the phono-articulatory organs, the auditory perception mechanisms and how CNS is involved in this process.
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MM: PSICOLOGIA COGNITIVA DEL LINGUAGGIO
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Human Language Study Oral and written language comprehension Oral and written language production
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MM: PSICOLOGIA GENERALE
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Neurobiological and neurophysiological correlates of human cognitive functions. Neurospychological evidence of cognitive function deficits as a result of focal cerebral lesions.

Syllabus

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MM: LOGOPEDIA GENERALE
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The history of International and Italian speech pathology Italian and International speech pathology organizations Core competence and core curriculum Speech pathology evaluation and results Verbal and non verbal communication
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MM: PSICOLOGIA DELL'ETA' EVOLUTIVA
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The basic mechanisms responsible for the processes of learning in children are considered. It aims to provide knowledge on the main theoretical models that describe the development of reading, writing and calculation, taking into account the role of the mechanisms of memory and attention. The specific prerequisites for preschool children that consent the development of the processes of literacy in primary schools are presented. Furthermore, the role of context variables in the educational processes at different levels (educational proposals, class groups, school context, family), with reference to the socio-constructivist theoretical perspective are considered, taking into account the interaction between cognitive factors, socio-emotional and motivational processes of learning. Exploration of the theme of observation and educational planning in cases of potential or actual learning difficulties will also be focused on.
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MM: SEMEIOTICA DELLA COMUNICAZIONE E DEL LINGUAGGIO
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Syllabus The following concepts will be discussed: ➢ Linguistic and communicative competence ➢Communication: definition, parameters and degrees of sophistication, the communication channel definition ➢Verbal and nonverbal communication, proxemics, the haptic, the suprasegmental traits. ➢Anatomical and physiological basis of speech and language: ° Input mechanisms: the parameters of auditory perception, the acoustic optimization process. ° Output mechanisms: anatomy and physiology of the phono-articulatory organs. ° CNS and cortical areas of language. The hemispheric dominance, brain plasticity, the critical periods.
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MM: PSICOLOGIA COGNITIVA DEL LINGUAGGIO
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Psicologia Cognitiva del Linguaggio Programma Svolto a.a. 2016/17 Language Comprehension and Production Hemispheric Specialization and Manual Preference Language Neuroanatomical substrates Vocal and No-Vocal, Linguistic and No-Linguistic features Language in Primates Neuroanatomical localization of Semantic, Syntactic, Phonological and Prosodic features of human language Fast Mapping Language Cognitive Psychology - Language and Communication - Language and Communication of Thoughts - No-verbal communication Comprehension Auditory Comprehension Sounds segmentation Syllable Semantic Priming Syntactic analysis Words recognition Logogen Model Pandemonium Model Comprehension: Reading Grapheme-Phoneme transformation Phonological and Assembled strategy Reading and eye movements Syntactic Analyzer: Minimal Attachement, Delayed Closing, Minimal Chain Electrophysiological correlates of Word Comprehension N400 e Cloze Probability P600, ELAN, LAN Production Production: Planning and Execution Conversation Writing Alphabetical and Logographic systems Mirror System and Language Description of the Mirror System in primates and in humans Imitation Mirros System and Language, Gestures as Protolanguage
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MM: PSICOLOGIA GENERALE
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Introduction to Cognitive Psychology and Behaviorism Psychology as a Biological Science, scientific approach to cognitive operation research Behaviorism Psychology Methods: Reaction Times, Subtraction Method, EEG, Evoked Potentials, Functional Magnetic Resonance, Imaging Consciousness states: Coma, Sleep Sleep: Sleep Types and EEG recording. REM sleep Conditioning and Learning Learning as an adaptation process Orienting Response as basic Learning Reflex, Abituation and Habit Classic Conditioning (Pavlov) Variables involved in classic conditioning Extinction Operating Conditioning Puzzle Box (Thorndike) Law of Effect Reinforcement Skinner’s Cage Relative reinforcement: ratio and interval, fixed and variable Avoidance and escape learning Reinforcement and Punishment Latent Learning Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Desensibilizzazione Sistematica Systematic Densensitization (graduated exposure therapy) Counterconditioning (Stimulus Substitution) Avversive Conditioning Observational Learning - Bandura Memory Sensory Memory Working Memory Long Term Memory Encoding Storage Recall Interference Priority and Recency Effects Processing Organization Visualization Representation Context Explicit Memory Implicit Memory Sleep effects on Memory Retrograde and Anterograde Amnesia Brain areas involved in memory HM case Korsakoff Amnesia Episodic Amnesia Electroconvulsive therapy and amnesia Shock Memory High Capacity Memory Abused Children Testimony Emotional Memory Motivation-Emotions - Motivations, Hedonism - Needs, Drives, Incentives, Expectation, Goals - Maslow Theory, Autorealization, Self Realization - Intrisic and Ectrinsic Motivations - Motivation to Success, Self Efficacy - Adaptative Emotions - Physiological, Behavioral and Cognitive correlates - Limbic System - Facial Expressions - Emispheric specialization for emotions recognition - Affective prosody and emispheric specialization - Emotions and Amigdala - Kluver-Bucy syndrome - Emotions and Cognitive Functions: Memory, Decision Making, Attention - Sense of humor - Emotions and Interpersonal Relationships: Guilt Trip, and Embarrassment - Emotion Theories: James-Lange (spinal cord lesions), Cannon-Bard, Schacter-Singer, Facial Feedback Intelligence Unitary function or many functions Intelligence measurement: Intelligence Test Intelligence Quotient Factorial Intelligence Theories Metacomponents and Executive Functions Hereditariness and environment Variables of Intelligence

Assessment methods and criteria

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MM: LOGOPEDIA GENERALE
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Oral exam
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MM: PSICOLOGIA DELL'ETA' EVOLUTIVA
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The exam will consist of a written test. The student will have 2 hours to answer four open questions. Preparation for exam includes studying the following monographs: Schaffer, H.R. (2005). Psicologia dello sviluppo: Un'introduzione. Milano: Cortina Editore. (escluso cap. 10 e cap. 2) Stella, G. (2000). Lo sviluppo cognitivo. Milano: Bruno Mondadori Editore. (cap. 3,4,5,6)
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MM: SEMEIOTICA DELLA COMUNICAZIONE E DEL LINGUAGGIO
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Written examination
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MM: PSICOLOGIA COGNITIVA DEL LINGUAGGIO
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multiple choice test: 15 questions with 3 response options each
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MM: PSICOLOGIA GENERALE
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multiple choice test: 7 questions with 3 response options each

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Oskar Schindler “La voce. Fisiologia patologia clinica e terapia” omega 2010
De Campora - Pagnini Otorinolaringoiatria Elsevier 2014
C. CACCIARI Psicologia del linguaggio Il Mulino: Bologna 2011 8815110402
P. Gray Psicologia Ed. Zanichelli  
Cacciari Papagno Psicologia Generale e Neuroscienze Cognitive (Edizione 1) Il Mulino 2006 88-15-11057-7




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