Bachelor's degree in Obstetrics (to qualify as an obstetrician)


Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
METODOLOGIA EPIDEMIOLOGICA E IGIENE GENERALE 2 MED/42-HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH 1°anno 2°semestre CLO Albino Poli
MICROBIOLOGIA CLINICA 2 MED/07-MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 1°anno 2°semestre CLO Davide Gibellini
PROMOZIONE ED EDUCAZIONE ALLA SALUTE DELLA DONNA E DEL BAMBINO 2 MED/47-MIDWIFERY 1°anno 2°semestre CLO Gianna Perbellini
PREVENZIONE SERVIZI SANITARI E RADIOPROTEZIONE 1 MED/36-IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY 1°anno 2°semestre CLO Marco Ferdeghini

Learning outcomes

Module: METODOLOGIA EPIDEMIOLOGICA E IGIENE GENERALE
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The course provides the ways and means of prevention of infectious diseases in early childhood. It also provides information about the role of midwives in the primary and secondary prevention.
The student must acquire knowledge and skills suitable to the prevention of communicable diseases in an obstetric unit and in the delivery room.


Module: PROMOZIONE ED EDUCAZIONE ALLA SALUTE DELLA DONNA E DEL BAMBINO
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Knowledge of the main reference theories on the concept of health
Learn about the issues and problems related to the location birth and maternal and child health.
Deepen the path that goes from prevention before starting a pregnancy, up to children's health.


Module: PREVENZIONE SERVIZI SANITARI E RADIOPROTEZIONE
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The goal of this module is to allow students at the end of the course using the knowledge of physics, biology, and physical health to know and understand under the provisions of law on radiation protection.
The different types of dose quantities
The instruments to measure them in the area of worker radiation protection,
The procedures avoiding external exposure and internal contamination
The biological effects of ionizing radiation.
The application of the radiation protection in the environment and in the workplace.



Module: MICROBIOLOGIA CLINICA
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The student should know the structural and biological properties of pathological bacteria, fungi, protozoa and viruses and the related mechanism of pathogenesis. Moreover, the student should know the microorganisms involved in gynecologic diseases and the methods of infection diagnosis.

Syllabus

Module: METODOLOGIA EPIDEMIOLOGICA E IGIENE GENERALE
-------
• Elements of epidemiological methodology: definitions, types of studies and expected results; the notion of health, illness and cause of disease in epidemiology.
• Onset of disease models.
• Prophylaxis of infectious diseases:
    - generic direct prophylaxis:
       - diagnostic assessment
       - isolation
       - notification
       - epidemiological survey

   - specific direct prophylaxis:
      - vaccine prophylaxis
      - serum prophylaxis
      - chemoprophylaxis

   - indirect prophylaxis:
       - disinfection / sterilization
       - disinfestation
       - environmental reclamation

• Secondary prevention:
- tools and strategies: the screening tests
- primary and secondary prevention of : cervical cancer, breast cancer; diabetes; cardiovascular diseases.


Module: PROMOZIONE ED EDUCAZIONE ALLA SALUTE DELLA DONNA E DEL BAMBINO
-------
The program addresses the main theories on health by providing key elements for their understanding.
1. The major statements on the subject of health education
2. The determinants of health (not editable, socio-economic, environmental and lifestyle)
3. Risk factors and protective factors
4. Change
5. Empowerment
6. Self-efficacy and health behaviors
7. The midwife community
8. Prevention, assistance and counseling
9. The birth path POMI
10. Regional program "Parents More"
11. Recommendations to assist the mother in childbirth


Module: PREVENZIONE SERVIZI SANITARI E RADIOPROTEZIONE
-------
The core curriculum includes:
Basic background of atomic and nuclear physics.
Stable and unstable nuclei.
Classification of radiation.
Directly and indirectly ionizing & Non-Ionizing Radiations.
Interaction of radiation with matter.
The radioactivity. Radioactive elements. Nature of the radiation. The radioactive series.
Energy of radiation.
Description of a radioactive source. Radiation alpha, beta and gamma.
Laws of radioactive decay. Physical and biological half-lives.
Activities and dose: Activities in becquerels/Curie. Specific activity. Absorbed dose. Units of measurement. Equivalent dose. Effective Dose. Dose rate. Quality factor. Collective dose.
Artificial radioactive isotopes. Fission. Activation analysis.
The measurement of radiation: Tools of revelation. Movies. Thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD).
Dosimeters based on ionization.
Scintillation counters. Counters Semiconductor. Chemical dosimetry. Dose measurements.
Radiation protection. Dose limits.
Natural radiation. Cosmic radiation. Natural gamma radiation. Internal radioactivity. Radon.
Radiation in medicine and research. Radiation sources. X-ray generators radioactive isotopes.
Radiotherapy. Alt methods diagnostici.lsotopi for irradiation of foodstuffs.
Doses of radiation in medical practice.
Nuclear explosions and accidents in nuclear reactors
Radiation and health
Large doses. Dose effect curves for large doses Using large doses of medicine and
in the industry.
Small doses and style risk: The dose-effect curve for small doses. Epidemiological studies.


Module: MICROBIOLOGIA CLINICA
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Introduction to Medical Microbiology. General information on infectious diseases. Prophylaxis of infection by microbial agents.
Structure of bacteria. Bacterial Pathogenesis. General information on Protozoa, Fungi and helminths. Structure and replication of viruses. Antimicrobial therapy. Diagnosis of infection. Urinary and genital infections. Sex transmitted diseases. Congenital and perinatal infections. Sepsis and nosocomial infections. Staphylococci, Streptococci, Listeria monocytogenes, Neisseria gonorreae, Gardnerella vaginalis, Clamidia thrachomatis, E. coli, Micoplasma, Treponema pallidum, Candida albicans, Trichomonas vaginalis, Toxoplasma gondii, Papillomaviridae, Herpes simplex, Citomegalovirus, Varicella-Zoster virus, Rubeola Virus, Parvovirus B19, HIV, HBV, HCV, HDV.

-Michele La Placa, Principi di Microbiologia Medica, XIV Edizione, 2014 Editori EdiSes/Esculapio

Assessment methods and criteria

Module: METODOLOGIA EPIDEMIOLOGICA E IGIENE GENERALE
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written tests followed oral part


Module: PROMOZIONE ED EDUCAZIONE ALLA SALUTE DELLA DONNA E DEL BAMBINO
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Written test.


Module: PREVENZIONE SERVIZI SANITARI E RADIOPROTEZIONE
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Written exam (open ended questions).
Possible oral examination.


Module: MICROBIOLOGIA CLINICA
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Oral exam

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
La Placa Principi di Microbiologia Medica Edises 2014
APPUNTI DELLE LEZIONI Appunti delle lezioni forniti dal docente. 2019
Di Giacomo P, Rigon L. A. Assistenza Infermieristica e Ostetrica in area materno-infantile Ed. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana 2006
Miriam Guana La disciplina ostetrica. Teoria, pratica e organizzazione della professione Mc Graw Hill 2011




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