Bachelor's degree in Nursing (to qualify as a nurse) (Legnago)

Pathophysiology applied at Nursing - FARMACOLOGIA GENERALE

Course code
Name of lecturer
Laura Cuzzolin
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
INF. LE 1° anno 2° semestre dal Feb 1, 2016 al Apr 8, 2016.

To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link * Course organization

Lesson timetable

INF. LE 1° anno 2° semestre

Not inserted.

Learning outcomes

To give to the student basic knowledge and methodological instruments required to do nursing service in the management and monitoring of pharmacological therapies


● Definition of drug, medicinal product, generic drug, biosimilar, galenic and magistral preparations
● Origin of drugs and the process of drug development
● Difference between symptomatic, curative, preventive and substitutive drugs
● Different actions of drugs: systemic or local, direct or indirect, primary or secondary, collateral,
early or late onset
● Pharmacokinetics:
-Absorption (mechanisms, routes of administration, formulations)
-Distribution (plasma protein binding, tissue vascularization, blood-brain barrier and placental
transfer of drugs)
-Metabolism of drugs: biotransformation reactions, enzymatic induction and inhibition
-Excretion of drugs
-Pharmacokinetic parameters: bioavailability, volume of distribution, elimination half-life,
● Pharmacodynamics: general mechanisms of action, receptor definition, drug-receptor interaction,
agonism and antagonism, affinity and intrinsic activity of drugs
● Clinical risks related to drug use: therapeutic errors and adverse drug reactions
● Classification of adverse drug reactions
● Pharmacovigilance: spontaneous reporting and the role of nurse
● Drug dependence
● Embryo-fetal toxicity
● The concepts of risk/benefit and cost/benefit applied to drug treatments
● “Placebo” and “Compliance” definitions
● Dosage, maximum dose, effective dose, posology, therapeutic index
● Duration of drug action: therapeutic plasma levels of drugs, peak concentrations, therapeutic
range, accumulation, toxic concentrations
● Therapeutic drug monitoring
● Drug interactions
● Variability in drug response: factors depending on the drug and factors depending on the patient
(therapy in neonates and children, elderly, patients with renal or hepatic insufficiency)
● Antimicrobial therapy: selective toxicity, spectrum of action, bacteriostatic and bactericidal
activity, microbial resistance. Pharmacological characteristics and adverse effects of the most
important groups of antibiotics
● Non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs and paracetamol

Assessment methods and criteria

The exam is written with single or multiple choice answers. An oral integration will be possible.

Recommended textbook

Together with the available lecture note, the student could have a support for the study in the following textbooks:
-Conforti A., Cuzzolin L., Leone R., Moretti U., Pignataro G., Taglialatela M., Vanzetta M. Farmacologia per le professioni sanitarie. Ed. Sorbona, Napoli, 2015
-Clark M.A., Finkel R., Rey J.A., Whalen K. Le basi della farmacologia. Ed. Zanichelli, Bologna, 2013
-Furlanut M. Farmacologia generale e clinica per le lauree sanitarie (III Edizione). Ed. Piccin, Padova, 2013
-Amico-Roxas M., Caputi A.P., Del Tacca M. Compendio di farmacologia generale e speciale. Ed. UTET, Torino, 2005

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