Bachelor's degree in Nursing (to qualify as a nurse) (Trento)

Pathophysiology applied at Nursing - SEMEIOTICA E FISIOPATOLOGIA

Course code
Name of lecturer
Cristiano Fava
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
INF. TN 1° anno 2° semestre dal Feb 2, 2015 al Apr 1, 2015.

To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link * Course organization

Lesson timetable

INF. TN 1° anno 2° semestre

Not inserted.

Learning outcomes

To know the pathophysiologic basis of the main pathological processes. To learn how cells work, and subsequent extension of the information to different cell types and apparatuses in order to explain the main human pathologies with a continuous reference to the cell model.


The homeostasis and its perturbations: alterations in the intake of nutrients, cell needs, regulation of water and electrolytes, regulation of acid-base, alterations in oxygen supply, cardiovascular abnormalities, liver diseases, excretory function and control of homeostasis by the kidney.

Program in expanded form:
1.Fundamental cell needs: O2 intake, intake of nutrients and elimination of metabolites, maintenance of fluids, electrolytes and acid-base equilibrium. Anemia: in particular deficiency anemia, hemoglobinopathies and hyporegenerative anemias.
2.Electrolyte equilibrium in the body: maintainance of volume and distribution of fluids and their possible alterations: overhydration and dehydration syndromes, balance between intra- and –extra-cellular fluids (isotonic, hypertonic and hypotonic), intra and extracellular buffer systems, maintaining the balance electrolyte and acid-base. Signs and symptoms of fluid and electrolyte deregulation.
3. Endocrine system: main hormones with metabolic activity and regulation of the circulatory system, hyper- and hypo- function of the main endocrine glands and stress responses, diabetes mellitus, hyper- and hypoglycemia.
4. Respiratory system: impaired ventilation, alveolar-capillary diffusion of gases, alveolar ventilation-perfusion, respiratory failure. Signs and symptoms of respiratory diseases.
5. Cardiovascular system: control of vascular tone and blood pressure, high blood pressure (hints about pathophysiological hypotheses with references to endocrine pathophysiology), ischemic heart disease, heart failure, left and right sided heart failure. Signs and symptoms of heart/circulatory diseases.
6. Urinary System: function of the urinary tract: the kidney as a filter. Very brief dissertation about kidney disease and about acute and chronic renal failure.
7. Digestive system: malnutrition, portal hypertension (brief), ascites. Signs and symptoms of diseases of the digestive system.
8. Diseases involving the central nervous system as a result of metabolic disorders (hypoxia, hypercapnia, hypoglycemia, hypotonia, hypertonia and hyperammonemia).

Assessment methods and criteria

Multiple choice test, eventually oral exam

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