# Master's degree in Nursing and Obstetrics (Verona)

## Epidemiology, statistics and research (2019/2020)

Course code
4S007231
Credits
7
Coordinator
Maria Elisabetta Zanolin
Other available courses

 Teaching is organised as follows: Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff STATISTICA PER LA RICERCA SPERIMENTALE 3 SECS-S/02-STATISTICS FOR EXPERIMENTAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH LMSIO VR - 1° ANNO 1° SEM. Maria Elisabetta Zanolin BASI METODOLOGICHE PER LA RICERCA APPLICATA 2 MED/45-NURSING LMSIO VR - 1° ANNO 1° SEM. Luisa Saiani EPIDEMIOLOGIA E SANITA' PUBBLICA 2 MED/42-HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH LMSIO VR - 1° ANNO 1° SEM. Albino Poli

## Syllabus

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MM: STATISTICA PER LA RICERCA SPERIMENTALE
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DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS The measurement process in medicine: measurement scales, validity, precision and accuracy Statistical variables and frequency distributions How to summarize the distribution of one or more variables: measures of location and dispersion, contingency tables PROBABILITY THEORY Definitions of probability Rules of probability calculation Independent and conditional probabilities Random variables Gauss and Student's T distributions How to assess the validity of a diagnostic tool: sensitivity and specificity, ROC curves INFERENTIAL STATISTICS An outline of sampling theory Sample distribution of an estimator Confidence interval The logic of the statistical test: null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis, type I and type II errors, power of a statistical test, p-value, z test and t test PRINCIPLES OF OBSERVATIONAL EPIDEMIOLOGY: Definition and objectives of epidemiology Measures of disease frequency: prevalence, cumulative incidence, incidence rate Measures of association: attributable risk, relative risk, odds ratio Design and analysis of an observational epidemiological study: cross-sectional, case-control and cohort designs Effect modification Causal interpretation of an empirical association: random variability, systematic variability (selection bias and information bias), confounding
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MM: BASI METODOLOGICHE PER LA RICERCA APPLICATA
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MM: EPIDEMIOLOGIA E SANITA' PUBBLICA
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Epidemiological methods and tools: - organization of an epidemiological study; - types of study and results; - population observational studies; - health and disease indicators in observational studies Data sources: - demographic data - health data - socio-economic data Evaluation tools for health planning: - indicators of the health status of the population (rates, indices, mortality, morbidity, causes of death, causes of illness, avoidable mortality) - population structure indicators (birth rate, aging index, Lexis curve, household composition, population distribution on the territory) - indicators of healthcares'use facilities (number and size of hospital facilities in Italy, hospitalization rates, hospital discharge records, consumption of drugs, number of services and efficiency of facilities) The programming tools: - assessment of needs - resource evaluation (outline) - tools for analyzing the effectiveness of resource allocation (outlines)

## Assessment methods and criteria

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MM: STATISTICA PER LA RICERCA SPERIMENTALE
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The final test is a written exam with short answer questions and multiple choice questions. The aim of the test is to verify the knowledge of all the topics discussed. The final evaluation is expressed in thirtieths.
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MM: BASI METODOLOGICHE PER LA RICERCA APPLICATA
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MM: EPIDEMIOLOGIA E SANITA' PUBBLICA
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Written exam with open questions and possible oral integration

 Reference books Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note Daniel WW, Cross CL Biostatistica (Edizione 3) Edises 2019 K.J. Rothman Epidemiologia Idelson-Gnocchi 2007 Dunn G, Everitt B Biostatistica Clinica Il pensiero scientifico editore 1999 W. W. Daniel, C. L. Cross Biostatistica Concetti di base per l’analisi statistica delle scienze dell’area medico-sanitaria (Edizione 3) EdiSES 2019 9788833190419 Jekel JF, Katz DL, Elmore JG, Wild DMG Epidemiologia, Biostatistica e Medicina Preventiva Elsevier-Masson 2009 Verlato G, Zanolin ME Esercizi di Statistica Medica, Informatica ed Epidemiologia Libreria Cortina Editrice, Verona 2000 Swinscow TDV, Campbell MJ Le basi della Statistica per scienze bio-mediche Edizioni Minerva Medica S.p.A., Torino 2004 Fowler J, Jarvis P, Chevannes M Statistica per le Professioni Sanitarie EdiSES srl, Napoli 2006 Francesco Vitale, Michele Zagra Igiene, epidemiologia e organizzazione sanitaria orientata per problemi (Edizione 1) ELSEVIER 2012 978-88-214-3424-2 Triassi M, Aggazzotti G, Ferrante M Igiene Medicina preventiva e del territorio (Edizione 2) Sorbona 2015 978-88-7947-599-0

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