Bachelor's degree in Psychiatric Rehabilitation Techniques (to qualify as a psychiatric rehabilitation expert)(Rovereto)

Foundations of psychology and psychopathology (2019/2020)

Course code
4S000236
Credits
5
Coordinator
Massimo Girelli

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
NEUROANATOMIA 1 BIO/16-HUMAN ANATOMY TERP 1A1S Carlo Zancanaro
NEUROPATOLOGIA E NEUROLOGIA 2 MED/26-NEUROLOGY TERP 1A1S Stefano Tamburin
PSICOLOGIA GENERALE E PSICOBIOLOGIA 2 M-PSI/02-PSYCHOBIOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY TERP 1A1S Massimo Girelli

Learning outcomes

The course aims to provide students with fundamental elements for the knowledge of human neuroanatomy, neuropathology and human cognitive functions in order to understand the main neurological pathologies with particular reference to the pathologies on the border between neurology and psychiatry. NEUROANATOMY MODULE Training objectives: To acquire a sufficient knowledge of human neuroanatomy to be used in the continuation of studies and in professional activity. NEUROPATHOLOGY AND NEUROLOGY MODULE Training objectives: Acquisition of knowledge on the main pathologies in neurology, with particular reference to the border pathology between neurology and psychiatry. Acquisition of knowledge on neurological semeiotics, with particular reference to the main cognitive pictures and the main neurological syndromes. Acquisition of elementary notions of neuropathology. MODULE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHOBIOLOGY Educational objectives: Neurobiological and neurophysiological correlates of human cognitive functions. Neuropsychological evidence of cognitive function deficits following focal brain injuries.

Syllabus

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MM: NEUROANATOMIA
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Organization and organs of the nervous system Essentials of development Autonomic nervous system and its sections Essentials of nervous system terminology Structure of the nerve Meninges, brain ventricles, liquor Brain blood circulation Macroscopic surface and inner anatomy of the brain and spinal cord Mesencefalus, pons and bulb: connections with other parts of the central nervous system Anatomy of the principal nervous pathways Name and distribution of cranial nerves
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MM: NEUROPATOLOGIA E NEUROLOGIA
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The main anatomo-functional features of the nervous system as the basis for the understanding of neurological signs and symptoms. Basic notions on neurological semiotics. Medical history and neurological examination. Semiotics of the main neurological syndromes and diseases. Physiology, pathophysiology and basic semiotics of consciousness and its acute and chronic disorders. The main focal cognitive deficits (aphasia, agnosia, apraxia, memory disorders). Pathophysiology of executive functions, and the frontal syndrome. Healthy and pathological brain aging. Neurodegenerative diseases: common pathophysiological and neuropathological features. The main neurodegenerative diseases. Dementias: syndromic classification, pathophysiology and clinical. The main dementias and their epidemiological impact. Alzheimer's disease, other neurodegenerative dementias, vascular dementia. Parkinson's disease and parkinsonism: epidemiology, pathophysiology, and main clinical features. Cerebrovascular diseases: epidemiology, pathophysiology and main clinical features. Principles of anatomy of the cerebral circulation. Pathophysiology of cerebrovascular diseases. Ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke: pathophysiology, main clinical features, therapy.
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MM: PSICOLOGIA GENERALE E PSICOBIOLOGIA
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Introduction Introduction to Cognitive Psychology and Behaviorism Psychology as a Biological Science, scientific approach to cognitive operation research Behaviorism Psychology Methods: Reaction Times, Subtraction Method, EEG, Evoked Potentials, Functional Magnetic Resonance, Imaging Consciousness states: Coma, Sleep Sleep: Sleep Types and EEG recording. REM sleep Conditioning and Learning Learning as an adaptation process Orienting Response as basic Learning Reflex, Abituation and Habit Classic Conditioning (Pavlov) Variables involved in classic conditioning Extinction Operating Conditioning Puzzle Box (Thorndike) Law of Effect Reinforcement Skinner’s Cage Relative reinforcement: ratio and interval, fixed and variable Avoidance and escape learning Reinforcement and Punishment Latent Learning Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Desensibilizzazione Sistematica Systematic Densensitization (graduated exposure therapy) Counterconditioning (Stimulus Substitution) Avversive Conditioning Observational Learning - Bandura Memory Sensory Memory Working Memory Long Term Memory Encoding Storage Recall Interference Priority and Recency Effects Processing Organization Visualization Representation Context Explicit Memory Implicit Memory Sleep effects on Memory Retrograde and Anterograde Amnesia Brain areas involved in memory HM case Korsakoff Amnesia Episodic Amnesia Electroconvulsive therapy and amnesia Shock Memory High Capacity Memory Abused Children Testimony Emotional Memory Motivation-Emotions - Motivations, Hedonism - Needs, Drives, Incentives, Expectation, Goals - Maslow Theory, Autorealization, Self Realization - Intrisic and Ectrinsic Motivations - Motivation to Success, Self Efficacy - Adaptative Emotions - Physiological, Behavioral and Cognitive correlates - Limbic System - Facial Expressions - Emispheric specialization for emotions recognition - Affective prosody and emispheric specialization - Emotions and Amigdala - Kluver-Bucy syndrome - Emotions and Cognitive Functions: Memory, Decision Making, Attention - Sense of humor - Emotions and Interpersonal Relationships: Guilt Trip, and Embarrassment - Emotion Theories: James-Lange (spinal cord lesions), Cannon-Bard, Schacter-Singer, Facial Feedback Intelligence Unitary function or many functions Intelligence measurement: Intelligence Test Intelligence Quotient Factorial Intelligence Theories Metacomponents and Executive Functions Hereditariness and environment Variables of Intelligence Frontal Syndrome Frontal Syndrome Perseveration and Imitation Phineas Gage case Frontal syndrome and emotional reactions Pesudodepression and pseudopsychopathy Sexual behavior and olfactory perception

Assessment methods and criteria

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MM: NEUROANATOMIA
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MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS . Five answers, one correct. Correct answer, 1 point; wrong/missing answer, 0 points.
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MM: NEUROPATOLOGIA E NEUROLOGIA
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Written exam (open questions)
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MM: PSICOLOGIA GENERALE E PSICOBIOLOGIA
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multiple choice test: 15 questions with 3 response options each

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Seeley Anatomia e cenni di Anatomia Microscopica Istologia Fisiologia (Edizione 3) Idelson-Gnocchi srl Sorbona, Napoli 2014
Bentivoglio M. et al. Anatomia umana e istologia (Edizione 2) Minerva Medica 2010 978-88-7711-670-3
P. Gray Psicologia Ed. Zanichelli  




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