Bachelor's degree in Physiotherapy (to qualify as a physiotherapist) (Vicenza)

Kinesiology and functional evaluation - BIOMECCANICA E CHINESIOLOGIA SEGMENTALE

Course code
4S007228
Name of lecturer
Sergio Rigoni
Number of ECTS credits allocated
2
Academic sector
MED/48 - NURSING IN NEUROPSYCHIATRY AND REHABILITATION
Language of instruction
Italian
Location
VICENZA
Period
FISIO VI 1A2S dal Mar 2, 2020 al May 15, 2020.

To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link * Course organization

Lesson timetable

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Learning outcomes

The course aims to provide the learner with theoretical information concerning biomechanics and segmental kinesiology.   At the end of the course the student must demonstrate / be able to: - Understand and analyze the mechanical aspects of the movement, based on concepts related to the kinematics and the dynamics of human movement. - Describe the physiological and accessory joint movements. - Understanding the biomechanical factors that influence a muscle's ability to deliver strength - Given an articulation, analyze and graphically represent the forces at stake on it, calculating the internal and external moments both in static and dynamic contexts. - Describe the inertial properties and friction forces, and understand how these affect human movement, both in a local and global context - Know the viscoelastic properties of tissues, describing fundamental concepts such as "creep" and "stress relaxation". - To know the articular Physiology of the joints of the human body, analyzing the muscular actions, the stresses and the stretching of the articular component and the specific biomechanics. - Perform an analysis of the movement from the mechanical point of view, taking into account the following domains: Kinematics Muscle roles; leverage systems; inertial systems and other variables; antagonistic structures; analysis contextualized from a clinical point of view.

Syllabus

-Define the movement planes, the anatomical position and the classification of joint movements with the relative exceptions. Define the reference systems and the vectors.
-Define the characteristics of the laws of gravity applied to the human body, the tables of the linear somatic dimensions, the weighted dimensions and the distances of the centers of gravity from the fulcrums
- Identify the vector of muscle strength based on the anatomy of the muscle by choosing the point of application, the direction, the verse and the module, and decomposing it into the rotational and axial components, constructing the biomechanical rectangle and using the main trigonometric formulas
- To identify the principle of muscle reciprocity and the main mechanical factors that influence the intensity of muscle tension: type of contraction, orientation of muscle fibers; voltage / length ratio and speed voltage
-Define the friction forces applied to the human body, the concepts of closed and open kinetic chain and the main examples applied to the human body
-Analize a segmental gesture by identifying the external and internal forces, considering the relative moments with respect to one or more appropriately chosen axes and drawing an explanatory diagram
-Describing the curves of the spine as a whole, the type vertebra, the elements of intervertebral connection and functional divisions of the rachis, the physiology of the intervertebral disc. Describe the movements of the spine as a whole
-Describe the articular physiology of the lumbar spine as a whole, its movements and the normal limiting factors, the action of the muscles acting on it, the static of the lumbar spine in an upright position
-Describe the joint physiology of the dorsal spine as a whole, its movements and the normal limiting factors, the action of the muscles acting on it, Describe the joint physiology of the cost-vertebral and sternocostal joints, the deformations of the thorax during inhalation and the exhalation and actions of the muscles of the breathing and the relationships between the diaphragm and the abdominal muscles
-Describe the joint physiology of the cervical spine as a whole and in detail deisuoisegmentisuperioreand inferior, the relative movements and limiting factors normal, the action of the muscles acting on it, the balance of the head on the cervical spine
-Describe the articular physiology of the temporomandibular joint and the action of the muscles acting on it
-Describe the joint physiology of the shoulder girdle as a whole and its joints, the relative movements and the normal limiting factors, the action of the muscles acting on it, the factors of coactation of the glenohumeral joint
-Describe the joint physiology of the joint complex of the elbow and the radio-ulnar joints, the relative movements and the normal limiting factors, the action of the muscles acting on them, the factors of joint elbow contraction
-Describe the joint physiology of the wrist, the joints of the long fingers and the thumb, the relative movements and the normal limiting factors, the action of the muscles acting on it
-Describe the architecture and the position of function of the hand as a whole and the kinesiology of the prehension
-Describe the architecture and the physiology of the pelvic girdle and of the sacro-iliac joints, of the coxo-femoral joint, the relative movements and the normal limiting factors, the action of the muscles acting on it
-Describe the joint physiology of the knee joint complex, its movements and the normal limiting factors, the action of the muscles acting on it, the stability factors of the knee
-Describe the articular physiology of the tibio-tarsics, relative movements and the normal limiting factors, the action of the muscles acting on it, the stability factors of the tibio-tarsics
-Describe the joint physiology of the joints of the foot and fingers, the relative movements and normal limiting factors, the action of the muscles acting on them.
-Describe the general architecture of the plantar vault, the general distribution of loads and deformations, the adaptation of the plantar vault to the ground

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
KAPANDJI I.A. Fisiologia articolare, 3 voll. Monduzzi, Bologna 1999
Kendall, McCreary, Provance I muscoli: funzioni e test 2005
Clarkson H.M. Valutazione cinesiologica. Esame della mobilità articolare e della forza muscolare. (Edizione 2) Edi-ermes 2002

Assessment methods and criteria

Aims: To pass the exam students must demonstrate that they have learned the theoretical contents of this teaching.   Contents: The exam content covers all the topics covered in class and reported in full in the program of this course. Assessment methods: - written test (multiple choice test) - oral exam by interview with the teacher;   Evaluation method: - written test (score from 0-30); - oral test (score from 0-30); The final grade will be given by the average of the two individual tests and will be expressed in 30ths.   There are no exam differences between attending and non-attending students.





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