# Bachelor's degree in Physiotherapy (to qualify as a physiotherapist) (Verona)

### Propaedeutic physical and biological sciences - FISICA APPLICATA

Course code
4S01837
Name of lecturer
Pasquina Marzola
Number of ECTS credits allocated
2
FIS/07 - APPLIED PHYSICS
Language of instruction
Italian
Period
FISIO VR 1A1S dal Oct 7, 2019 al Dec 20, 2019.

To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link Course organization

## Learning outcomes

The Course is designed to provide the student the basic knowledge of physics, taking particular account of those principles and laws that will be needed to comprehend and to have a deeper understanding of biomedical problems.
At the end of the course, the students will be able to:
a) Show to possess good knowledge and understanding of the fundamental laws of physics.
b) Understand how such laws can be applied in biomedical phenomena and in real situations that they will face during their studies.
c) Solve simple physics problems also relative to real situations as for example joints and equilibrium of bodies.

## Syllabus

Introduction
Physical quantities, Base physical quantities and derived physical quantities. Standards of length, mass and time. MKS and cgs systems of units. Cartesian frame of reference. Vector and scalar quantities. Components and magnitude of a vector. Addition and subtraction of vectors. Unit vectors. The scalar and vector products of vectors.
Mechanics
Displacement, Velocity, Acceleration. Average and instantaneous velocity. Particle under constant velocity. Average and instantaneous acceleration. Particle under constant acceleration. Forces . The principles of dynamics . Law of universal gravity. Weight. Friction force. Circular uniform motion. Rigid body, body center of mass and center of gravity. Moment of force. Equilibrium of a rigid boby. Definition of Work and Energy. Kinetic energy. Work-kinetic energy theorem. Conservative forces. Potential energy. Law of conservation of mechanical energy. Power.
Fluids
Definition of Fluid. Density. Pressure. Archimede’s principle. Variation of pressure with depth (Stevin’s Law). Pascal’s Law. Measurement of atmospheric pressure or Torricelli’s experiment. Pressure Units: atm, mmHg, Pa. Pressure measurements. Archimede’s principle. Fluid dynamics. Bernoulli’s equationU-tube manometers. Flow. Measurement of arterial blood pressure. Perfect fluid. Continuity equation for flow and its application to blood circulation. Bernoulli’s theorem and its application to stenosis and aneurysm. Real fluid and viscosity. Blood viscosity. Poiseuille’s Law. Physiological effects of hydrostatic pressure.
Thermal phenomena and gases
Temperatue, heat. Thermal expansion. Mercury thermometer. Celsius, Kelvin anf Farheneit Scale. Thermal capacity, specific heat. Mechanical equivalent of heat. Gas laws: First and second Gay-Lussac laws. The absolute temperature (Kelvin Scale). Boyle’s law. Avogadro’s law. Ideal gas law. Thermodynamic systems and process. First and second law of thermodynamics. Heat transport by conduction, convection and radiation.
Electrical phenomena
Electric charge. Coloumb’s law. Electic field, potential energy and electric potential. Electric current. Ohm’s law. Resistance and resistivity. Conductors and insulators. The electronvolt. Electromagnetism (hints).

Waves
Mechanical and electromagnetic waves; transverse and longitudinal waves. Period, frequency, wavelength and propagation speed. Amplitude, energy, intensity of wave, Mechanical waves: the sound. Electromagnetic waves, the speed of light, spectrum of electromagnetic waves; the photon energy.

 Reference books Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note Monaco V., Sacchi R., Solano A. Elementi di Fisica McGrawHill 2007 978-88-386-1698-3

## Assessment methods and criteria

Written test (multiple choice test) followed by an optional oral test.

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