Bachelor's degree in Sport and Exercise Science (from 2008-2009)

Biomechanics

Course code
4S02417
Name of lecturer
Paola Zamparo
Coordinator
Paola Zamparo
Number of ECTS credits allocated
6
Academic sector
M-EDF/01 - PHYSICAL TRAINING SCIENCES AND METHODOLOGY
Language of instruction
Italian
Period
MOTORIE 2° semestre dal Mar 2, 2020 al May 31, 2020.

Lesson timetable

Go to lesson schedule

Learning outcomes

The course aims to provide cultural and operational instruments for the biomechanical analysis of human movement, of sport activities and of human locomotion. The mechanical determinants of sports activities (e.g. athletic events) and the mechanical and energetic determinants of "cyclic" sports such as walking, running, cy-cling, swimming and cross-country skiing will be examined in detail. Part of the program will be carried out in the form of practical exercises of data analysis to enable the students to verify, from a practical point of view, the theoretical knowledge acquired and to familiarize with biomechanical calculations.

Syllabus

Linear kinematics. Position, velocity and acceleration. Parabolic motion.
Angular kinematics. Polar coordinates. Angular position, velocity and acceleration. Uniform circular motion.
Muscle mechanics. Force-velocity and force-length relationships. Muscle architecture and specific tension. Mechanical proprieties of different types of muscle fibers. Mechanics of tendons and ligaments: stress and strain, Young's modulus.
Linear kinetics and dynamics. Newton Laws. External and internal forces; normal and shear forces; force distribution and pressure. Frictional forces. Work and power. Kinetic, potential and elastic energy. The principle of energy conservation. Impulse and linear momentum. Impacts and collisions. The coefficient of restitution.
Angular kinetics and dynamics. Moment of inertia. Rotational kinetic energy. Torque and center of mass. Angular work and power. Conservation of angular momentum. Joint biomechanics.
Fluid mechanics. Statics: hydrostatic pressure, principle of Archimedes and under-water torque. Fluid dynamics: viscosity and Reynolds number. Bernulli’s principle. Hydrodynamic resistance: shape, pressure and friction drag. Fluids in linear and turbulent motion, the boundary layer. Magnus effect.
Biomechanics of human locomotion: walking, running, swimming, cycling and cross-country skiing.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Anthony Blazevich Biomeccanica dello sport Calzetti e Mariucci 2017 978-88-6028-510-2
D. Halliday, R. Resnick, J. Walker Fondamenti di Fisica: Vol. I - Meccanica, Termologia; Vol. II - Elettrologia, Magnetismo, Ottica. (Edizione 5) Casa Editrice Ambrosiana 2001 8821405389
Legnani, Palmieri, Fassi Introduzione alla biomeccanica dello sport CittàStudi Edizioni 2018
di Prampero La locomozione umana su terra, in acqua, in aria Edi Ermes 2015

Assessment methods and criteria

Written test with open questions and numerical calculations, followed by an oral examination.





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