Bachelor's degree in Environmental and Workplace Accident Prevention Techniques (national qualification) (Trento)

Basics of hygiene in public health and health promotion (2018/2019)

Course code
4S006093
Credits
6
Coordinator
Annarita Mazzariol

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
MICROBIOLOGIA, CONTAMINAZIONE DI MATRICI E AGENTI BIOLOGICI 3 MED/07-MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY TPALL 1° ANNO 1° SEMESTRE Annarita Mazzariol
EPIDEMIOLOGIA IN SANITA' PUBBLICA E PROFILASSI DELLE MALATTIE INFETTIVE E DIFFUSIVE 2 MED/17-INFECTIOUS DISEASES TPALL 1° ANNO 1° SEMESTRE Maria Grazia Zuccali
IGIENE GENERALE ED EDUCAZIONE ALLA SALUTE IN SANITA' PUBBLICA 1 MED/42-HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH TPALL 1° ANNO 1° SEMESTRE Stefano Tardivo

Learning outcomes

To reach basic knowledge of contamination and development modes of the most common infectious diseases. To learn how to interpret data and epidemiological features in order to plan prevention and to promote health

INFECTIOUS DISEASES PREVENTION AND EPIDEMIOLOGY IN PUBLIC HEALTH
Sudents are expected to know the significante of principal sanitary and demographic indicators.
They should also acquire notions in general epidemiology and the prevention of infectious diseases

HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH
The aim of this unit is to teach specific knowledgeconcerning :
epidemiology and the most important chronic-degenerative pathologies,
food hygiene
environmental hygiene
health organization

MICROBIOLOGY
The aim of this unit is to teach basic notions of microbiology.
Microorganisms as agents of infectious diseases; Pathogenesis of microbial infections; Antibiotic resistance

Syllabus

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MM: MICROBIOLOGIA, CONTAMINAZIONE DI MATRICI E AGENTI BIOLOGICI
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Microbiology indroduction and microrganisms classification. Bacteriology. bacteria cell: structure and functions of fondamental compounds as cell wall, citoplasmatic membrane, chromosome etc and non fondamental compounds as capsule, flagella. Spore: structure, formation and riactivation. Bacterial reproduction. Bacterial pathogenesis: colonisation, adherence, invsion factors and toxins production. Virology. Viruses structure and organisation. Virus replication cycles. Virus pathogenesis Parassitology: general characteristics and more important intestinal parassites. Food transmission infections: Enterobacteria (Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC), Enterohaemorragic E. coli (EHEC), Enteroadhesive E coli (EAEC) Enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC). Salmonella, Yersinia, Shigella, Campylobacter, V. cholareae, C. botulinum, S. aureus, L. monocytogenes, Enterovirus, Rotavirus, Haepatitis A virus (HAV), Giardia, Amoebae, Biohazard agents: Legionella, Brucella, Mycobacteria, HIV, Haepatitis B and C viruses, Ebola virus
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MM: EPIDEMIOLOGIA IN SANITA' PUBBLICA E PROFILASSI DELLE MALATTIE INFETTIVE E DIFFUSIVE
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Principles of Epidemiology • Definition, scope, uses epidemiology • Types of data used in epidemiologic studies • Measuring health and disease Epidemiologic Studies • descriptive study • analytical study • Experimental studies Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Prevention • Chain of infection • Method of transmission • Timeline for infection • Disinfection and Sterilization  Immunoprophylaxis Vaccine Preventable Diseases • Diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, poliomyelitis, hepatitis B • measles, mumps, rubella, Chickenpox Food and waterborne disease Respitatory disease • Tuberculosis • Flu • Legionnaires’disease • Invasive bacterial diseases Blood and sexually trasmitted infection • Epatiti B • Epatiti C • HIV/AIDS Emerging and vector-borne disease • Malaria • Yellow fever • Dengue • Lyme disease • Tick Borne Encephalitis
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MM: IGIENE GENERALE ED EDUCAZIONE ALLA SALUTE IN SANITA' PUBBLICA
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Epidemiology and prevention of chronic degenerative diseases, food and water hygiene, waste disposal, healthcare organization - introduction to epidemiology - epidemiology and prevention of chronic -degenerative diseases (ischemic heart disease, diabetes mellitus, obesity, copd, malignancies) - primary, secondary and tertiary prevention

Assessment methods and criteria

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MM: MICROBIOLOGIA, CONTAMINAZIONE DI MATRICI E AGENTI BIOLOGICI
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written test
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MM: EPIDEMIOLOGIA IN SANITA' PUBBLICA E PROFILASSI DELLE MALATTIE INFETTIVE E DIFFUSIVE
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Written test, which consists of 5 open-ended questions and 15 multiple choice questions
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MM: IGIENE GENERALE ED EDUCAZIONE ALLA SALUTE IN SANITA' PUBBLICA
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The final test is a written exam with multiple choice questions. The aim of the test is to verify the knowledge of all the topics discussed. The final evaluation is expressed in thirtieths.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Harvey RA, Champe PC, Fisher BD Le basi della microbiologia Zanichelli 2008
Cesare Meloni Igiene per le lauree delle professioni sanitarie Casa Editrice Abrosiana 2009
Ricciardi-Angelillo-Brusaferro-De Giusti-De Vito-Moscato-Pavia-Siliquini-Villari Igiene per le professioni sanitarie (Edizione 1) Idelson-Gnocchi 2015 978-88-7947-590-7




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