Bachelor's degree in Radiology Techniques for Imaging and Radiotherapy (to qualify as a medical radiology technician) (Verona)

Prevention and Health Promotion (2018/2019)

Course code
4S000379
Credits
5
Coordinator
Carlo Laudanna

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
PRINCIPI DI ASSISTENZA ED IGIENE OSPEDALIERA 2 MED/45-NURSING Lezioni 1 Semestre TSRM Nicoletta Cederle
IGIENE APPLICATA 1 MED/42-HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH Lezioni 1 Semestre TSRM Silvia Majori
PATOLOGIA GENERALE 2 MED/04-EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY Lezioni 1 Semestre TSRM Carlo Laudanna

Learning outcomes

MODULO IGIENE APPLICATA Obiettivi formativi: Il corso deve fornire allo studente il possesso delle conoscenze specifiche e dei modelli di comportamento corretti riguardo alla epidemiologia e alla prevenzione delle principali malattie infettive e cronico degenerative attinenti alla professione.

MODULO PATOLOGIA GENERALE Obiettivi formativi: Il corso svilupperà alcuni argomenti di Patologia Generale propedeutici alla comprensione dei meccanismi di base delle malattie. La Patologia Generale si situa in un punto critico, all’incrocio tra scienza di base e clinica. Il corso si propone quindi di stabilire i legami essenziali tra manifestazioni cliniche e meccanismi fondamentali, facilitando la comprensione delle basi concettuali della malattia.

MODULO PRINCIPI DI ASSISTENZA ED IGIENE OSPEDALIERA Obiettivi formativi: Presa in carico e gestione del paziente sia in sala radiologica che nelle unità operative considerando i bisogni del paziente.

Syllabus

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MM: PRINCIPI DI ASSISTENZA ED IGIENE OSPEDALIERA
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Patient in radiology: Maslow's theory of needs and interactions with the sick person; (ICA), the infectious chain, standard ICA reduction precautions: hand hygiene, personal protective equipment or barrier systems (gloves, overalls, facial and respiratory protection), instrument management and equipment for patient care, waste management; The safety of the nursing environment: the concept of risk, risk classification, environmental hazards, treatments and diagnostic procedures, operator safety (chemical risk, use of disinfectants and detergents, prevention of manual handling risk loads) patient safety (risk and adverse events, prevention of falls in the care environment, assistance to the fallen patient); Patient management with particular reference to Venturi mask, nasal cannulae, CVP, CVC, arterial catheter, thoracic and abdominal drainage, bladder catheter; measurement of vital signs: FC, FR, PA, TC, pain. The course also provides a practical, practical exercise to acquire technical / gestational skills: wear sterile gloves; Hand hygiene techniques: social washing and clutching of hands with hydro-alcoholic gel; mobilization of the patient.
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MM: IGIENE APPLICATA
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- General Epidemiology and Methodology - General patterns of transmission of infectious diseases - Models of prevention of infectious diseases. - Epidemiology and prevention of chronic degenerative diseases. Primary prevention and health education. Secondary prevention.
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MM: PATOLOGIA GENERALE
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The program in brief They will be explained: The general concepts of illness, disease and etio-pathology; the cell-based disease; oncology elements; immunity and inflammation Detailed program 1) Generalities a) Introduction to general pathology: fields and discipline purposes b) The disease: definition; causes (determinants, adjuvants, occasional); pathogenesis; course (recurrence, relapse); outcomes (healing, chronic, death); diagnosis (signs and physical examination, symptoms and medical history). 2) Cell pathology a) General concepts: the disease as the expression of cell damage? b) Degenerative changes of the cells: Causes (genetic, nutritional, from chemical, physical, from lack of oxygen, by living agents). reversible cell damage, irreversible cell death. morphological cell changes related to the damage: various aspects of degeneration and necrosis c) Modifications to steady-state cell: stationary phones were molecular changes (hypertrophy, atrophy, atrophy) and their causes cellular changes (hyperplasia, hypoplasia, aplasia) and their causes d) Alterations of cellular differentiation processes: Metaplasia, anaplasia, dysplasia 3) Oncology Definition of neoplastic cells, benign and malignant tumors, Natural history of cancer: advancement, growth, progress, general effects on body. Metastasis 4) Inflammation a) General concepts: utility of the inflammatory process b) Acute inflammation: local and general manifestations of inflammation; causes; pathogenetic mechanisms (vascular component, the white blood cell component and the chemical mediators). The exudate and types of inflammation (erythema, serous, catarrhal, purulent, fibrinous, hemorrhagic, necrotizing). The consequences on 'body (abscess, phlegmon, fistula, adhesion, synechiae, payments). c) Chronic inflammation: Causes; pathogenetic mechanisms; granuloma and granulomatous diseases.

Assessment methods and criteria

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MM: PRINCIPI DI ASSISTENZA ED IGIENE OSPEDALIERA
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Oral
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MM: IGIENE APPLICATA
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Written exam: open questions on the topics explained during the lesson. Evaluation: vote in x / 30. Equal exam for students attending and not attending.
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MM: PATOLOGIA GENERALE
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Written examination with questions with multiple answers.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Robbins e Cotran Le basi patologiche delle malattie (due volumi) Elsevier 2010
Pontieri GM Patologia e Fisiopatologia Generale per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie (ristampa aggiornata) Edizioni Piccin, Padova 2007
Adler M. Arlene, Carlton Richard R. Assistenza di base alla persona McGraw-Hill 2004
Saiani Luisa-Brugnolli Anna Trattato di cure infermieristiche (Edizione 2) Idelson-Gnocchi 2013 8879475762
Auxilia F, Pontello M “Igiene e Sanità Pubblica: I fondamenti della Prevenzione” PICCIN - PADOVA 2011 978-88-299-2069-3
Pontieri GM Patologia e Fisiopatologia Generale Piccin Editore, Padova 2002




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