Combined Bachelor's + Master's degree in Medicine and Surgery

Systematic pathology II - NEFROLOGIA

Course code
4S01146
Name of lecturers
Antonio Lupo, Gianluigi Zaza
Number of ECTS credits allocated
3
Academic sector
MED/14 - NEPHROLOGY
Language of instruction
Italian
Period
Lezioni 2° semestre 1°- 5° anno dal Feb 19, 2018 al May 25, 2018.

To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link * Course organization

Lesson timetable

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Learning outcomes

The course aims to provide theoretical and practical knowledge on the etiology, pathophysiology, clinical, diagnostics and prognosis of the main diseases of the endocrine, metabolic, respiratory, cardiovascular, renal systems. Morevover, the key elements to describe and identify the pathologic features correlated to the above disorders will be presented.

Syllabus



RENAL PHYSIOLOGY
DIAGNOSTIC ELEMENTS OF NEFROPATIES
- Evaluation of renal function (glomerular filtration, tubular function, renal blood flow)
- Evaluation of Urine Examination
Signs and symptoms of the disorder
- Nephrology syndromes
- Instrumental Investigations (Ultrasound, Radiological Investigations, Radioisotopic Investigations)
- Renal Biopsy
NEFROPATIE GLOMERULARI
- Classification
- Ethiopathogenesis
- Main anatomy-clinical pictures of primitive glomerular nephropathy
- Nephrotic syndrome (causes, pathophysiology, complications)
- Nephritic syndrome (causes, pathophysiology, complications)
- Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (etiopathogenesis, anatomoclinic framework)
- Secondary and hereditary glomerular nephropathy (lupus nephritis, cryogenic nephritis,
Diabetic nephropathy, pregnancy purpura, Alport syndrome)
VASCULAR NEFROPATIES
- Thrombosis of the renal vein
- Renal failure
- Renal artery stenosis (nephrovascular hypertension): etiopathogenesis, pathophysiology, diagnostics)
- Nephroangiosclerosis
- Vasculitis (classification, etiopathogenesis, anatomic-clinical cadres)
- Thrombotic microangiopathy
TUBULOUS-INTERSTITIAL NEFROPATIES
- Acute interstitial nephritis (etiopathogenesis, anatomic-clinical picture)
- Chronic interstitial nephritis (classification, etiopathogenesis, anatomic-clinical frameworks)
- Reflux nephropathy (etiopathogenesis, anatomic-clinical picture, diagnostics)
INFECTION OF THE RIBBON AND THE URINARY VIEWS
- Acute pielonephritis (etiopathogenesis, anatomic-clinical picture)
- Chronic Pielonephritis (etiopathogenesis, anatomic-clinical picture)
- Renal tuberculosis (etiopathogenesis, anatomic-clinical picture)
RENAL CALCULATIONS
- Classification
- Eziopathogenesis
- Diagnostic and clinical elements
MALFORMATIVE AND DISPLAYING NEFROPATIES
- Symptoms of kidney embryology
- Abnormal shape, number and position of the kidney
- Renal dysplasia
- Cystic cystic diseases: simple cysts, dysplastic cysts, polycystic kidney, sponge kidney,
Nefronoftisi (etiopathogenesis, anatomic-clinical cadres, diagnostics)
ACUTE RENAL INSUFFICIENCY
- Classification
- Ethiopathogenesis
- Diagnostic and clinical elements
CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE
- Cause
- Physiopathology
- Metabolic changes
- Clinical features and remedies for replacement therapy (hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, renal transplantation)
THE RENE IN GRAVIDANCE
- Physiological adaptations of the kidney to pregnancy
- hypertensive disease of pregnancy
THE RENE IN THE ANCIENT
- Physiopathology of renal senescence

















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RENAL PHYSIOLOGY
DIAGNOSTIC ELEMENTS OF NEPHROPATIES
- Evaluation of renal function (glomerular filtration, tubular function, renal blood flow)
- Evaluation of Urine Examination
Signs and symptoms of the disorder
- Nephrology syndromes
- Instrumental Investigations (Ultrasound, Radiological Investigations, Radioisotopic Investigations)
- Renal Biopsy
GLOMERURAL DISEASES
- Classification
- Ethiopathogenesis
- Main anatomy-clinical pictures of primitive glomerular nephropathy
- Nephrotic syndrome (causes, pathophysiology, complications)
- Nephritic syndrome (causes, pathophysiology, complications)
- Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (etiopathogenesis, anatomo clinic framework)
- Secondary and hereditary glomerular nephropathy (lupus nephritis, cryogenic nephritis,
Diabetic nephropathy, pregnancy purpura, Alport syndrome)
VASCULAR NEPHROPATIES
- Thrombosis of the renal vein
- Renal failure
- Renal artery stenosis (nephrovascular hypertension): ethiopathogenesis, pathophysiology, diagnostics)
- Nephroangiosclerosis
- Vasculitis (classification, ethiopathogenesis, pathology and clinical aspects)
- Thrombotic microangiopathy
TUBULOUS-INTERSTITIAL NEPHROPATIES
- Acute interstitial nephritis (ethiopathogenesis, anatomic-clinical picture)
- Chronic interstitial nephritis (classification, ethiopathogenesis, anatomic-clinical frameworks)
- Reflux nephropathy (ethiopathogenesis, anatomic-clinical picture, diagnostics)
INFECTIONS and KNIDNEY
- Acute pielonephritis (ethiopathogenesis, anatomic-clinical picture)
- Chronic Pielonephritis (ethiopathogenesis, anatomic-clinical picture)
- Renal tuberculosis (ethiopathogenesis, anatomic-clinical picture)
RENAL STONES
- Classification
- Ethiopathogenesis
- Diagnostic and clinical elements
MALFORMATIVE NEPHROPATIES
- Abnormal shape, number and position of the kidney
- Renal dysplasia
- Cystic cystic diseases: simple cysts, dysplastic cysts, polycystic kidney, sponge kidney,
ACUTE RENAL INSUFFICIENCY
- Classification
- Ethiopathogenesis
- Diagnostic and clinical elements
CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE
- Cause
- Physiopathology
- Metabolic changes
- Clinical features and therapy
PREGNANCY and KIDNEY
AGING KIDNEY








Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Garibotto - Pontremoli - Biancone - AAVV Manuale di nefrologia (Edizione 2) Minerva Medica 2017 9788877118868

Assessment methods and criteria

oral

STUDENT MODULE EVALUATION - 2017/2018






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