Teaching is organised as follows:  
Unit  Credits  Academic sector  Period  Academic staff 
BIOINGEGNERIA ELETTRONICA  2  INGINF/06ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATICS BIOENGINEERING  TLB LEZ 1ANNO 1 SEM 1617 
Federico Boschi

FISICA APPLICATA A MEDICINA E CHIRURGIA  2  FIS/07APPLIED PHYSICS  TLB LEZ 1ANNO 1 SEM 1617 
Federico Boschi

STATISTICA MEDICA  1  MED/01MEDICAL STATISTICS  TLB LEZ 1ANNO 1 SEM 1617 
Giuseppe Verlato

MISURE ELETTRICHE ED ELETTRONICHE  2  INGINF/07ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT  TLB LEZ 1ANNO 1 SEM 1617 
Roberto Meneghini


MM: BIOINGEGNERIA ELETTRONICA

Provide an overview of electronic bioengineering with particular reference to applications and biomedical technologies. Acquire the tools to the knowledge of the main laboratory equipment and in particular, the basic concepts of physical quantities and signal processing, transducers and bioimages.

MM: FISICA APPLICATA A MEDICINA E CHIRURGIA

The Course is designed to provide the student the basic knowledge of physics, taking particular account of those principles and laws that will be needed to comprehend and to have a deeper understanding of biomedical problems.

MM: STATISTICA MEDICA

The course is aimed at enabling the student to:  estimate accuracy and precision of measurements performed in the biomedical field;  properly synthetize and summarize the information collected on a series of patients;  compute the probability of a single event or several events

MM: MISURE ELETTRICHE ED ELETTRONICHE

Provide an overview of the basic components and electronic circuits with particular emphasis on applications and references to the equipment used by laboratory technicians and specific emphasis on the chain of detection of physical , electrical transduction , converting them into digital signals .

MM: BIOINGEGNERIA ELETTRONICA

A] Basic concepts: from physical quantities to signals. Detection of data Measurements of physical quantities Reduction of noise, filtering Measurement error Accuracy and precision Transducers: static sensitivity, nonlinear characteristics B] Transducers Wheatstone Bridge The diode or thermoion valve The triode The transformer Semiconductors, pn junction. Current in diodes: Graetz bridge, power dissipated The transistor Chemical thermometers The pHmeter The piezoelectric transducer LEDs The laser diode The photodiode The photomultiplier Liquid crystal screens The thermocouple The Peltier cell The Geiger counter The CCD The antennas The resistor The oscilloscope Doppler flowmeters The pulseoximeter C] Bioimaging Ultrasound Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Radiography, Computer Tomography Scintigraphy, Single Photon Emission Tomograpy Positron Emission Tomography Optical Imaging

MM: FISICA APPLICATA A MEDICINA E CHIRURGIA

Introduction Physical quantities, Base physical quantities and derived physical quantities. Standards of lenght, mass and time. MKS and cgs systems of units. Cartesian frame of reference. Vector and scalar quantities. Components and magnitude of a vector. Addition and subtraction of vectors. Unit vectors. The scalar products of two vectors. Mechanics Displacement, Velocity, Acceleration. Average and instantaneous velocity. Particle under constant velocity. Average and instantaneous acceleration. Particle under constant acceleration. Forces . The principles of dynamics . Law of universal gravity. Weight. Definition of Work and Energy. Kinetic energy. Workkinetic energy theorem. Conservative forces. Potential energy. Law of conservation of mechanical energy. Power. Fluids Definition of Fluid. Density. Pressure. Archimede’s principle. Variation of pressure with depth (Stevin’s Law). Pascal’s Law. Measurement of atmospheric pressure or Torricelli’s experiment. Pressure Units: atm, mmHg, Pa. Pressure measurements. Archimede’s principle. Fluid dynamics. Bernoulli’s equation. Utube manometers. Flow. Measurement of arterial blood pressure. Perfect fluid. Continuity equation for flow and its application to blood circulation. Bernoulli’s theorem and its application to stenosis and aneurysm. Real fluid and viscosity. Blood viscosity. Poiseuille’s Law. Physiological effects of hydrostatic pressure. Thermal phenomena and gases Temperatue, heat. Thermal expansion. Mercury thermometer. Celsius, Kelvin anf Farheneit Scale. Thermal capacity, specific heat. Mechanical equivalent of heat. Gas laws: First and second GayLussac laws. The absolute temperature (Kelvin Scale). Boyle’s law. Avogadro’s law. Ideal gas law. Thermodynamic systems and process. Heat transport by conduction, convection and radiation. Electrical phenomena Electric charge. Coloumb’s law. Electic field, potential energy and electric potential. Electric current. Ohm’s law. Resistance and resistivity. Conductors and insulators. The electronvolt.

MM: STATISTICA MEDICA

INTRODUCTION The role of Statistics in Health Professions. DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS Different measurement scales – Statistical variables and their presentation through frequency distributions: oneentry or doubleentry tables – Measures of central tendency: mean (arithmetic, geometric, weighted), median, mode, percentiles – Measures of dispersion: range, interquartile range, sum of squares, variance (mean square), standard deviation, variation coefficient PROBABILITY Classic, frequentist, subjective interpretations of probability – Sum and product rules of probability – Independent and dependent events and conditional probability.

MM: MISURE ELETTRICHE ED ELETTRONICHE

Elements of the theory of the measures. Measurement errors. Propagation of errors. Electrical circuits and physical laws in electrical engineering. Characteristics of electrical and electronic components in general. The galvanometer. Measuring instruments and sizes typical of perfusion. Ammeters and voltmeters DC and ca. Definition and purpose of a measure. Fundamentals and derivatives. International System of Units. Fundamental units. Units and samples of the electrical measurements. Systematic errors and accidental; insensitivity instrumental errors. Classification errors. Propagation of the absolute and relative errors of two or more measured physical quantities. Ohm's law; electrical resistance and electrical resistivity. Joule effect and electric power. Equivalent resistance of electric resistors connected in series and parallel. Electromotive Force. Calculation of the current in a circuit. Kirchhoff's laws, definition of electrical network, nodes and branches. Mesh analysis for the calculation of the currents in an electrical network. Definition of electrostatic capacity of capacitors and plans. Equivalent capacitance of capacitors connected in series and in parallel. Definition of magnetic flux. Faraday's law. Electrical inductance. Measurement of voltage and current with amperometric method volts. Galvanometers; Measuring instruments and sizes typical of perfusion. Ammeters and voltmeters DC and ca. Groups and types of transducers and peculiarities of each. Practical applications of calculation of uncertainties and expression of a measurement with electronic or digital devices.

MM: BIOINGEGNERIA ELETTRONICA

Written exam with to 510 exercises (open questions). About 1 hours. No books or notes. Bring calculator and pen.

MM: FISICA APPLICATA A MEDICINA E CHIRURGIA

Written exam with to 510 exercises (open questions). About 1 hours. No books or notes. Bring calculator and pen.

MM: STATISTICA MEDICA

The written examination will consists of about 15 multiple choice questions with 58 possible answers, and one exercise on simple data sets. Wrong answers to the written examination will be orally discussed with the student.

MM: MISURE ELETTRICHE ED ELETTRONICHE

Written exam with exercises and oral questions with possible interview .
Reference books  
Author  Title  Publisher  Year  ISBN  Note 
Jekel JF, Katz DL, Elmore JG, Wild DMG  Epidemiologia, Biostatistica e Medicina Preventiva  ElsevierMasson  2009  
Swinscow TDV, Campbell MJ  Le basi della Statistica per scienze biomediche  Edizioni Minerva Medica S.p.A., Torino  2004  
Lantieri PB, Risso D, Ravera G  Statistica medica per le professioni sanitarie (Edizione 2)  McGrawHill, Milano  2004  
Fowler J, Jarvis P, Chevannes M  Statistica per le Professioni Sanitarie  EdiSES srl, Napoli  2006  
Verlato G, Zanolin ME  Esercizi di Statistica Medica, Informatica ed Epidemiologia  Libreria Cortina Editrice, Verona  2000 
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