Combined Bachelor's + Master's degree in Dentistry and Dental Prosthetics

Principles of Dentistry (2017/2018)

Course code
4S02634
Credits
20
Coordinator
Maria Romanelli

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
BIOINFORMATICA 2 INF/01-INFORMATICS LEZIONI 2° SEMESTRE Maria Romanelli
BIOETICA 2 MED/43-FORENSIC MEDICINE LEZIONI 2° SEMESTRE Domenico De Leo
PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA 5 MED/28-ORAL DISEASES AND DENTISTRY LEZIONI 2° SEMESTRE Massimo Albanese
Dario Bertossi
ODONTOIATRIA PREVENTIVA E DI COMUNITA' 3 MED/28-ORAL DISEASES AND DENTISTRY LEZIONI 2° SEMESTRE Antonio D'Agostino
IGIENE DENTALE 3 MED/50-APPLIED MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY AND METHODOLOGY LEZIONI 2° SEMESTRE Alessia Pardo
ODONTOIATRIA COSMETICA 2 MED/28-ORAL DISEASES AND DENTISTRY LEZIONI 2° SEMESTRE Nicoletta Zerman
ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA 1 NN-- LEZIONI 2° SEMESTRE Dario Bertossi
ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN IGIENE DENTALE 2 NN-- LEZIONI 2° SEMESTRE Alessia Pardo

Learning outcomes

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MM: BIOINFORMATICA
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The course aims to introduce the students to the use of Biomedical databases accessible via the computer network. During the practical exercises the following computational tools for querying the major databases will be used: GeneBank, Genecards, SwissProt, CDD (Conserved Domain Database), and OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man). The human genome sequences will be analyzed using alignment algorithms such as BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool) and FASTA; research strategies based on the alignment programs will be applied to genomic sequence analysis; programs accessible by the server ExPASy (Expert Protein Analysis System) Bioinformatic resource portal will be used for protein analysis.
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MM: BIOETICA
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Bioethics (from ancient Greek ἔθος (or ήθος), ethos, behavior, dress, customs and βίος, bios = "life") is a discipline that deals with issues of morality related to biological research and medicine. From this point of view is so-called framework for meeting and transmission of knowledge from various disciplines such as philosophy, medicine, biology, genetics, law. The course addresses the evolution of thought bioethical premise, from the introduction of the term by the oncologist American Van Rensselaer Potter, who first used it in 1970, to arrive at the thought of E. André Hellegers and W. Reich. Bioethics is defined today as a research area that, thanks to the various disciplines on which poses as the object of his studies for the systematic examination of human conduct in the field of medic
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MM: PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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CLINICAL PROPEDEUTICS At the end of the module the student will acquire knowledge about: - structure and setting of the dental study; - equipment and instruments in the dental office, as well as their functions and maintenance procedures - patient reception in the study, organization of the first visit and management of subsequent appointments; - communication and empathy in the dentist-patient relationship - main procedures for the control of cross-infection in the dental environment.
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA PREVENTIVA E DI COMUNITA'
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The course aims to provide basic knowledge on the most common pathologies affecting the oral cavity, with particular focus on microbial pathologies and the behavior that have to be observed in order to avoid them. The student will have to master the basic knowledge of main oral pathologies, especially plaque-related pathologies, and the strategies concerning their prevention
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MM: IGIENE DENTALE
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The aims of course give to students the ability to apply correctly the dental hygiene methods and recognition of gingival inflammatory changes and to propose preventive measures for all dental diseases induced by bacterial plaque . Furthemore will be discuss the founding principles of basic dental care- home treatment and dental care- professional treatment that including professional oral Hygiene , scaling , root planing , root debridement and polishing.
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA COSMETICA
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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Clinical applications of theoretical lessons
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN IGIENE DENTALE
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The student learns about the main technical and related types of equipment for professional dental hygiene above and subgingival.

Syllabus

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MM: BIOINFORMATICA
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During the practical exercises the following computational tools for querying the major databases will be used: GeneBank, Genecards, SwissProt, CDD (Conserved Domain Database), and OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man). The human genome sequences will be analyzed using alignment algorithms such as BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool) and FASTA; research strategies based on the alignment programs will be applied to genomic sequence analysis; programs accessible by the server ExPASy (Expert Protein Analysis System) Bioinformatic resource portal will be used for protein analysis.
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MM: BIOETICA
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Bioethics and Dentistry The evolution of the concept of health and prevention: from dentistry to dentistry of care treatment The judgment on dental work done by other colleges The choice of dental-assisted treatment based on the costs The treatment of patients suffering from highly contagious diseases Research and experimentation in dentistry Aesthetics in Dentistry The relationship between dentist and patient Ethical and legal considerations on professional liability of the freelance dentist Informed consent to medical surgical treatment: critical cases Pain management Responsibility and Ethics Ethical, moral and social responsibility The Principle of Beneficence in Applied Ethics Ethics in dentistry: principles of Ethics and Code of Professional Conduct The new Italian code of medical ethics. Ethical issues in orthodontic practice
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MM: PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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Anatomy of the jaw bones Periodontal tissues X-rays anatomy Psychological approach to dental patient First visit Semeiotics of the oral cavity Methods of dental treatment Laboratory tests The oral cavity : environmental aspects Aseptics in dentistry Sterilization techniques Instruments The operations room Dental equipment Turbines , micromotors , contra and tartar scalers The patient with systemic problems Introduction to Computer : Hardware Elements of computer science : management software Techniques of anesthesia Treatments under local anesthesia Treatment under general anesthesia The photography in dentistry Medical records
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA PREVENTIVA E DI COMUNITA'
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Definition and aims of Preventive Dentistry General epidemiology and prevention strategies (primary, secondary and tertiary prevention) Oral health enhancement Caries prevention: epidemiology, etiology, diet and caries, epidemiological index, prevention techniques (toothbrush, toothpaste, brushing techniques, plaque control, fillings, fluoride profilaxis), radiation-related caries Periodontal disease prevention: epidemiology, etiology, clinical classification, periodontal index, prevention techniques (scaling, mouthrinse) Oral cancer prevention: epidemiology, clinical signs and stadiation, risk factors, precancerous lesions Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws: epdiemiology, etiology, risk factors, prevention
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MM: IGIENE DENTALE
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Non-surgical periodontal therapy, examination methods, plaque control, Professional oral hygiene, home oral hygiene, supportive therapy
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA COSMETICA
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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Anatomy of the jaw bones Periodontal tissues X-rays anatomy Psychological approach to dental patient First visit Semeiotics of the oral cavity Methods of dental treatment Laboratory tests The oral cavity : environmental aspects Aseptics in dentistry Sterilization techniques Instruments The operations room Dental equipment Turbines , micromotors , contra and tartar scalers The patient with systemic problems Introduction to Computer : Hardware Elements of computer science : management software Techniques of anesthesia Treatments under local anesthesia Treatment under general anesthesia The photography in dentistry Medical records
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN IGIENE DENTALE
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Application techniques and indication: Work's Positions Substances revealing plaque. Periodontal probing Ablation of manual and mechanical calculus. Root planing with manual and mechanical instruments. Double sharpening instruments Removal of soft deposits, exogenous pigments, polishing of dental surfaces.

Assessment methods and criteria

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MM: BIOINFORMATICA
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Acquired knowledge will be evaluated by compiling a computerized module that delivers codes, indexes, and comments on biomedical storage data. The evaluation will be expressed in thirty/30
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MM: BIOETICA
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Written multiple choice question Slides of the course
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MM: PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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Student interview
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA PREVENTIVA E DI COMUNITA'
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multiple choice test and oral test
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MM: IGIENE DENTALE
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Written examination with ten open questions
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA COSMETICA
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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Student interview
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN IGIENE DENTALE
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The examination will focus on three oral questions / practices on mannequin.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Arthur Lesk Introduction to Bioinformatics OUP Oxford 2013
Medicina legale Appunti delle lezioni 2018
V. Cortesi Ardizzone , A. Abbinante Igienista orale. Teoria e pratica professionale Edra 2013
Leghissa GC- Moretti S-Palerma C-Buzzi G. La gestione pratica del paziente odontoiatrico. Protocolli, linee guida, norme. Elsevier Masson 2007. 2007
Limeback Hardy Odontoiatria preventiva integrata E.M.S.I. 2015 978-88-86669-95-5
Jan Lindhe, Niklaus P. Lang, Thorkild Karring PARODONTOLOGIA CLINICA E IMPLANTOLOGIA ORALE (Edizione 4) Edi.Ermes 2009
Antonella Tani Botticelli L'ESPERIENZA E' LA MIGLIORE INSEGNANTE - MANUALE DI IGIENE DENTALE EDIZIONI ARIMINUM ODONTOLOGICA 1999




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