Bachelor's degree in Physiotherapy (to qualify as a physiotherapist) (Rovereto)

Kinesiology (2017/2018)

Course code
4S02064
Credits
6
Coordinator
Mario Rosario Buffelli

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
CHINESIOLOGIA E BIOMECCANICA 2 MED/48-NURSING IN NEUROPSYCHIATRY AND REHABILITATION FISIO ROV 1^ ANNO - 2^ SEMESTRE Edoardo Scalfi
CHINESIOLOGIA FUNZIONALE 2 MED/48-NURSING IN NEUROPSYCHIATRY AND REHABILITATION FISIO ROV 1^ ANNO - 2^ SEMESTRE Carolina Casagrande
FISIOLOGIA DEI SISTEMI MOTORI 2 BIO/09-PHYSIOLOGY FISIO ROV 1^ ANNO - 2^ SEMESTRE Mario Rosario Buffelli

Learning outcomes

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MM: CHINESIOLOGIA E BIOMECCANICA
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Provide the student with the anatomo-kinesiological knowledge necessary to analyze human movement, through the application of the biomechanical principles.
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MM: CHINESIOLOGIA FUNZIONALE
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Provide the student the anatomical and kinesiological knowledge, in order to be able to analyse the human movement, using the biomechanics principles.
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MM: FISIOLOGIA DEI SISTEMI MOTORI
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The aim of this course is to provide to the students the knowledge to understand the physiology of striated skeletal muscle and neurophysiological mechanisms of motor control.

Syllabus

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MM: CHINESIOLOGIA E BIOMECCANICA
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PART I: BIOMECHANICS - Biomechanics concept - Forces effect applied to the human body: -Gravity concept, gravity line and base of support - Muscular biomechanics (levers, vectors, muscle components) -Concept of friction, reaction forces -Concept of inertia -Features of visco-elastic tissues and kinesiological implications -Contraction type - Fixation concepts, neutralization - Kinetic chains PART II: FUNCTIONAL KINESIOLOGY Upper limb - Shoulder (joint features, muscle insertions, innervation and muscle action) Lower limb - Hip (joint features, muscle insertions, innervation and muscle action) - Knee (joint features, muscle insertions, innervation and muscle action) - Ankle-foot (joint features, muscle insertions, innervation and muscle action)
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MM: CHINESIOLOGIA FUNZIONALE
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Kinematic of human movement Analysis of movement (physiological and accessory) of the lumbar-thoracic-cervical spine: - Lumbar spine, pelvic girdle and concept of core stability - Thorax spine, chest and respiratory function - Cervical spine - Temporomandibular joint Analysis of movement (physiological and accessory) of upper limb - Elbow and forearm - Wrist and hand - Reach, Manipulation, grasp and pinch Analysis of movement of lower limb Gait analysis (kinematic, kinetic, muscle activity) Analysis of different static posture and change of position
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MM: FISIOLOGIA DEI SISTEMI MOTORI
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• Biophysics of Membrane: resting membrane potential, postsynaptic potentials and action potential. • Skeletal muscle: structure of sarcomere, cross-bridge cycle, excitation-contraction coupling, isometric and isotonic contraction, frequency-voltage and length-tension relationships. • Motor neurons and motor unit: order of recruitment of motor neurons and functional properties of the various motor units. • Effects of muscle denervation and cross muscle reinnervation on the contractile and histochemical properties of fast and slow muscles. • Effects of chronic electrical stimulation of innervated and denervated muscles. • Hierarchical levels of motor control: reflex, posture, automatic, volunteers and volunteers automated movements. • Locomotion and posture. • Role of the cerebellum and basal ganglia in motor control. • Movement volunteer: the primary motor cortex and premotor cortices.

Assessment methods and criteria

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MM: CHINESIOLOGIA E BIOMECCANICA
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Examination integrated with the functional kinesiology module. Written exam with multiple choice questions and open questions (drab type). Passed the written test, an oral exam will follow.
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MM: CHINESIOLOGIA FUNZIONALE
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Written exam with both multiple choice and open questions, Followed by an oral test.
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MM: FISIOLOGIA DEI SISTEMI MOTORI
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Oral exam: the exam will focus on the topics of the frontal lessons and will evaluate the knowledge of the mechanisms underlying the motor control.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
I.A. Kapandji Anatomia funzionale 2011
S. Boccardi A.Lissoni Cinesiologia volume 1° e 2° e 3° Universo-Roma 1982
Neumann Kinesiology of the musculoskeletal system: foundations for rehabilitation 2016
Perry J. Analisi del movimento 2005
Purves D. Augustine GJ, Fitzpatrick D, Hall WC, LaMantia AS, White LE Neuroscienze (Edizione 4) Zanichelli 2013 9788808179289
Kandel e coll. Principi di Neuroscienze (Edizione 4) Ambrosiana 2015 9788808184450




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