Bachelor's degree in Radiology Techniques for Imaging and Radiotherapy (to qualify as a medical radiology technician) (Verona)

Morphological and functional fundamentals of life (2016/2017)

Course code
4S000039
Credits
9
Coordinator
Raffaella Mariotti

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
FISIOLOGIA 2 BIO/09-PHYSIOLOGY TEC RAD MED LEZ 1A 1S Erika Lorenzetto
BASI DI ANATOMIA APPLICATA ALLE SCIENZE RADIOLOGICHE 1 3 BIO/16-HUMAN ANATOMY TEC RAD MED LEZ 1A 1S Giacomo Schenal
BASI DI ANATOMIA APPLICATA ALLE SCIENZE RADIOLOGICHE 2 2 MED/36-IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY TEC RAD MED LEZ 1A 1S Roberto Malago'
ISTOLOGIA 2 BIO/17-HISTOLOGY TEC RAD MED LEZ 1A 1S Raffaella Mariotti

Learning outcomes

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MM: FISIOLOGIA
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The aim of the physiology course is to provide students with the basic knowledge necessary to understand how the human body works, together with its homeostatic mechanisms. The course starts reminding some concepts of cell physiology that are important for the understanding of cell-cell communication inside and between tissues. After this, lessons will be focused on the physiology of organs and systems, including the functional and regulatory mechanisms aimed at homeostasis maintenance. The aim of the course is to give to students the tools for the understanding and for the prediction of the homeostatic adjustments that are necessary for human survival.
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MM: BASI DI ANATOMIA APPLICATA ALLE SCIENZE RADIOLOGICHE 1
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Acquisition of basic knowledge of human anatomy. It will place greater emphasis on skeletal muscle and the digestive, respiratory and excretory systems. The basics of radiological anatomy are also taught.
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MM: BASI DI ANATOMIA APPLICATA ALLE SCIENZE RADIOLOGICHE 2
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Aim of the Course is to obtain adequate competence on anatomy through images of the nervous system and cardiovascular imaging.
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MM: ISTOLOGIA
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The aim of the course is to allow the student to Know and understand the structural organization of the cell and human tissues . At the end of the course the student must be able to: 1) Recognize and describe the structural of the cell, assigning to each component its specific function; 2) Describe the concept of cell differentiation and correlate the cell morphology with their functional activity. 3) Recognize and describe the main human body tissues.

Syllabus

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MM: FISIOLOGIA
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-Introduction to human physiology and definition of homeostasis -Types of membrane transports, osmotic pressure, membrane potentials. -Biophysics of cell membranes: resting membrane potentials, ionic equilibrium potentials, action potential and its propagation along axons. The neuron; chemical and electrical synapses; excitatory and inhibitory synapses. -The neuromuscular junction and muscles: excitation-contraction coupling; mechanism of muscle contraction. Bioenergetics and biomechanics of muscle fibers. -Anatomic and functional organization of the nervous system: central nervous system, autonomic nervous system, somatosensory and motor nervous system. Basis of motor control and different types of reflex arcs. The cardiovascular apparatus: structure, electrical conduction system, cardiac cycle, cardiac output, mechanisms of blood pressure control, nervous regulation of heart activity. Respiratory apparatus: structure, gas physic laws, pulmonary ventilation. Oxygen and carbon dioxide exchanges and transport into blood. The respiratory centres, genesis and chemical regulation of the respiratory rhythm. -Excretory system: kidney structure and function, glomerular filtration, tubular absorption and secretion, clearance, water and sodium balance, urination -Digestive system: structure and motility of the gastrointestinal tract, role of salivary glands, pancreas and liver. Mechanisms of liquids and nutrients absorption.
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MM: BASI DI ANATOMIA APPLICATA ALLE SCIENZE RADIOLOGICHE 1
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30 hours of front lesson with multimedia support. Specific terminology of descriptive anatomy and reference plans. Locomotory apparatus: thorough and detailed knowledge of all the skeletal elements that make up the human body. Classification of joints. Muscle system: generality on muscles. The main muscle groups of the upper and lower extremities and trunk. Respiratory system: generality on respiration. Anatomical and functional detail of respiratory organs. Digestive system: generality on digestive process. Anatomical and functional details of organs for digestion. Excretory system: generality on the excretory system. Anatomical and functional detail of organs for urinary excretion. Reproductive system: generality on reproductive system. Anatomical and functional details of organs reproduction. Endocrine System: generality of the endocrine system. Anatomical and functional detail of the main endocrine glands. Lymphatic system: generality on the lymphatic system. Anatomical and functional detail of the organs of the lymphatic system.
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MM: BASI DI ANATOMIA APPLICATA ALLE SCIENZE RADIOLOGICHE 2
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Heart, chambers, coronary arteries normal and variant, coroanry artery classification, coronary dominance. Thoracic aorta, pulmonary arteries, seconary vessels of the thoracic aorta. Abdominal aorta and main collaterales, celiac trunk, mesereric arteries. Iliac arteries, upper and lower limb arteries, head and neck arteries, Willis circle. Postal venous system, venous system deep and superficial. Embriology of the nervous system, cerebral lobes, anatomy and function, ventricular system, limbic system autonomous system, Cranial nerves, peripheral nerves.
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MM: ISTOLOGIA
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1) Cytology: • Structure and function of the plasma membrane (transport, ion channels and receptors) • Structure of the nucleus, the nucleolus and nuclear membrane • Structure and function of the following cytoplasmic organelles: endoplasmic reticulum,Golgi complex, mitochondria, ribosomes, lysosomes. • Mitosis and meiosis • Notes on cell differentiation 2) Histology • epithelial tissue • cytological features • exocrine glands: classification and their cytological features • endocrine glands: cytological characters • Muscle tissue: • skeletal muscle • heart muscle • smooth muscle • Nervous tissue: • cytological characters of the neuron • myelin sheaths • the neuroglia cells • synapses • Mesenchymal tissues (connective tissues in the broadest sense): • Blood and lymph • Connective tissue: Adipose tissue • cartilage tissues: • hyaline cartilage • elastic cartilage • fibrous cartilage • Bone tissues: • Bone non-lamellar • Bone lamellar • membranous and chondral ossification • Blood Tissue and blood cells • Red blood cells • White blood cells • platelets • plasma • hematopoietic tissue

Assessment methods and criteria

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MM: FISIOLOGIA
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The final exam will be a 30 question multiple choice assessment, focused on the different topics taken up during the lessons. Each correct answer will be assigned 1 point. The final grade will be the sum of all the correct answers.
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MM: BASI DI ANATOMIA APPLICATA ALLE SCIENZE RADIOLOGICHE 1
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The final examination will be done by oral interview.
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MM: BASI DI ANATOMIA APPLICATA ALLE SCIENZE RADIOLOGICHE 2
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Oral examination
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MM: ISTOLOGIA
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The exam is written and includes the use of multiple choice questions (5 replies to each question of which only one is correct). The questions are 20 For each correct question it is assigned a point and there are no penalties for wrong answer. Half of correct questions determines sufficiency. In case of doubt in the preparation of the candidate, the teacher can convoke the student and check his preparation orally

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Martini F. et al. Anatomia umana EdiSes, Napoli 2019
Netter Testo-Atlante di Anatomia Umana Normale (Edizione 5) Ed. Edra 2014 8821439127
Adamo S, Carinci M, Molinaro P, Siracusa GS, Stefanini M, Ziparo E Istologia di V. Monesi (Edizione 5) Piccin, Padova 2002
Anthony L. Mescher Junqueira Istologia Testo e Atlante, VI Edizione Italiana a cura di Ubaldo Armato, Anna Chiarini, Ilaria Pierpaola Dal Prà, Raffaella Pacchiana. (Edizione 6) PICCIN 2012 978-88299-2166-9




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