Bachelor's degree in Cardiocirculatory Physiopathology and Cardiovascular Perfusion Techniques (national qualification)

Epidemiology, Medical Statistics, Hygiene and Occupational medicine (2016/2017)

Course code
4S000245
Credits
8
Coordinator
Marco Ferdeghini

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
SICUREZZA NEGLI AMBIENTI DI LAVORO 1 MED/44-OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE FISIO VR 3^ anno - 2^semestre Luigi Perbellini
EPIDEMIOLOGIA E STATISTICA SANITARIA 2 MED/01-MEDICAL STATISTICS PERFUSIONISTI LEZ 1A 2S Lucia Cazzoletti
METODOLOGIA EPIDEMIOLOGICA E IGIENE APPLICATA 2 MED/42-HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH PERFUSIONISTI LEZ 1A 2S Silvia Majori
METODI IGIENICO PREVENTIVI E PRINCIPI DI ASSISTENZA INFERMIERISTICA 2 MED/45-NURSING PERFUSIONISTI LEZ 1A 2S Stefano Bernardelli
RADIOPROTEZIONE 1 MED/36-IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY 1°anno 2°semestre CLO Marco Ferdeghini

Learning outcomes

The goal of this module is to allow students at the end of the course using the knowledge of physics, biology, and physical health to know and understand under the provisions of law on radiation protection.
The different types of dose quantities
The instruments to measure them in the area of worker radiation protection,
The procedures avoiding external exposure and internal contamination
The biological effects of ionizing radiation.
The application of the radiation protection in the environment and in the workplace.

Syllabus

Basic background of atomic and nuclear physics.
Stable and unstable nuclei.
Classification of radiation.
Directly and indirectly ionizing & Non-Ionizing Radiations.
Interaction of radiation with matter.
The radioactivity. Radioactive elements. Nature of the radiation. The radioactive series.
Energy of radiation.
Description of a radioactive source. Radiation alpha, beta and gamma.
Laws of radioactive decay. Physical and biological half-lives.
Activities and dose: Activities in becquerels/Curie. Specific activity. Absorbed dose. Units of measurement. Equivalent dose. Effective Dose. Dose rate. Quality factor. Collective dose.
Artificial radioactive isotopes. Fission. Activation analysis.
The measurement of radiation: Tools of revelation. Movies. Thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD).
Dosimeters based on ionization.
Scintillation counters. Counters Semiconductor. Chemical dosimetry. Dose measurements.
Radiation protection. Dose limits.
Natural radiation. Cosmic radiation. Natural gamma radiation. Internal radioactivity. Radon.
Radiation in medicine and research. Radiation sources. X-ray generators radioactive isotopes.
Radiotherapy. Alt methods diagnostici.lsotopi for irradiation of foodstuffs.
Doses of radiation in medical practice.
Nuclear explosions and accidents in nuclear reactors
Radiation and health
Large doses. Dose effect curves for large doses Using large doses of medicine and
in the industry.
Small doses and style risk: The dose-effect curve for small doses. Epidemiological studies.


The core curriculum includes:
- atomic and nuclear physics (Basic background)
- stable and unstable nuclei
- naturally occurring radiation and radioactive materials
- ionizing & non-ionizing Radiations
- interaction of radiation with matter
- biological effects of radiation
- detection and measurements methods
- dosimetry

Assessment methods and criteria

Written exam with open questions

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Glantz SA Statistica per Discipline Biomediche (Edizione 6) McGraw-Hill 2007 9788838639258
Dancey CP, Reidy JG, Rowe R Statistica per le scienze mediche Piccin Nuova Libraria S.p.A. 2016 978-88-299-2765-4




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