Bachelor's degree in Dental Hygiene (to qualify as a dental hygienist)(Rovereto)

Pathology and general dentistry (2016/2017)

Course code
4S000294
Credits
8
Coordinator
Massimo Albanese

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
METODI E MATERIALI DI IGIENE ORALE 2 MED/50-APPLIED MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY AND METHODOLOGY CLID LEZ 1A 2S Giuliana Bonta'
ELEMENTI DI RADIODIAGNOSTICA PER IMMAGINI E RADIOPROTEZIONE 2 MED/36-IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY CLID LEZ 1A 2S Fabio Zanella
ANATOMIA E PATOLOGIA ODONTOSTOMATOLOGICA 2 MED/28-ORAL DISEASES AND DENTISTRY CLID LEZ 1A 2S Massimo Albanese
PATOLOGIA GENERALE 2 MED/04-EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY CLID LEZ 1A 2S Paolo Bellavite

Learning outcomes

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MM: METODI E MATERIALI DI IGIENE ORALE
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Objective of the course is to learn the characteristics of oral hygiene aids and the correct mode of use to be able to determine which are the tools and the products best suited to each patient in order to provide personalized information to the maintenance of good health oral. Fundamental is also the knowledge of the injuries caused by incorrect use of aids available and the different methods of patient motivation.
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MM: ELEMENTI DI RADIODIAGNOSTICA PER IMMAGINI E RADIOPROTEZIONE
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Course objectives To acquire knowledge on the main diagnostic tests useful for images in dentistry, with emphasis on the physical principles of energy used, the side effects, methods of imaging. Knowing the signs of the various investigations. Learn the basics of anatomy and radiological semiotics. Familiarize yourself with the imaging of diseases of interest such as caries, periapical lesions, cysts, tumors, traumatic injuries. Learn the principles of radiation protection of patients and caregivers.
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MM: ANATOMIA E PATOLOGIA ODONTOSTOMATOLOGICA
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da inserire .....................................................
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MM: PATOLOGIA GENERALE
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The basic aim of the course is the acquisition of Pathology conceptual tools and science to explain the causes and mechanisms of human disease. The program includes the main pathogenic factors: chemical, physical and biological agents and their effects (biological damage) on living matter, on cells and tissues, the reactions to the biological damage that are crucial in the process of healing / repair or disease, with particular reference mechanisms of immunity, inflammation, wound healing and chronic disease processes.

Syllabus

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MM: METODI E MATERIALI DI IGIENE ORALE
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Motivation of the patient: motivate why? The principles of motivation Concept of compliance and concordance Verbal motivation, practice and paper The holistic model The detectors of plate: characteristics, types, classification, methods of use Plaque index Manual toothbrush and electric: characteristics and methods of use The brushing techniques: indications, contraindications The brushing technique Custom Features of the bristles: hardness, natural bristles and bristles artificial Toothbrush orthodontic sulcus, tuft The cleaning dentures Principals interdental: type, characteristics, mode of use Characteristics and classification of dental floss Wires, cords and tapes for special situations Recognizing tissue injuries caused by tools for cleaning home Chemical control of bacterial plaque: composition and characteristics of mouthwashes and toothpastes Coefficient of abrasiveness Herbal products for oral hygiene
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MM: ELEMENTI DI RADIODIAGNOSTICA PER IMMAGINI E RADIOPROTEZIONE
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Program of the course Diagnostic imaging: introduction. The X-ray Image formation: exposure factors and radio-geometrical factors Detectors of analog and digital picture. Scanning images. Methods of Imaging : Radiology intraoral, Orthopantomography, Cephalometry, - Computerized Axial Tomography, Dentascan, Cone Beam CT, Ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Basic principles of Radiographic Anatomy. Basic principles of semiotics Radiographic. Imaging of specific disorders: Carie, Periapical lesions, Cystic lesions, Traumatic lesions, Tumour Imaging of the temporomandibular joint. Radiation Protection in Dentistry.
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MM: ANATOMIA E PATOLOGIA ODONTOSTOMATOLOGICA
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da inserire-----------.......---------...........
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MM: PATOLOGIA GENERALE
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The issue of General Pathology Health and disease concept. Etiology and Pathogenesis. Pathophysiological framework essential. The disease factors endogenous Genetic disease: origin of disease genes. Mode of transmission of genetic diseases. Congenital disease Physical causes of disease: radiation, high and low temperatures, electricity. Mechanisms of action of bacterial toxins. Damage from viruses (general concepts of viral replication and cell damage). The oxygen in the pathogenesis of the disease. Sources of free radicals. Pathology of free radicals and lipid peroxidation. "Stress" cell. Steatosis, thesaurismoses. Amyloidosis. Pathology of collagen and elastin (fundamentals). Ipoossia damage and defects of cellular respiration. Inflammation. Exudate formation. Wheal. Edema. Ascites. Mediators of acute inflammation. Coagulation and fibrinolysis. Blood count. Leukocyte formula. Polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Structure and main functions. Chemotaxis. Phagocytosis, killing. Abscess. Phlegmon. Septicemia. Empyema. Pustule. General signs of inflammation. Fever. Cytokines. The "acute phase". Mononuclear phagocytes. Granulomas. Wound healing and repair processes. Fibrosis and sclerosis. Organization of the immune system. B cell antigens and antibodies. T cells HLA system. Immune responses intraoral and extraoral. Blood groups. Transplant rejection. Active and passive immunoprophylaxis (general). Hypersensitivity. Autoimmunity. The hemostatic process. Structure and function of platelets. Vascular wall and control the fluidity of the blood. Bleeding: general etiopathogenesis. Defects that can lead to increased risk of bleeding. The adaptive response to stress. Basic features of the framework of shock. Hemorrhagic shock with reference to other shocks. Arteriosclerosis. Atherosclerosis. Risk factors and pathogenic mechanisms. Thrombosis. Embolism. Ischemia and infarction. Tumors in terms of morphological and cellular. Benign and malignant tumors. An outline of the nomenclature and classification of tumors. The natural history of cancer (initiation, promotion, progression).

Assessment methods and criteria

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MM: METODI E MATERIALI DI IGIENE ORALE
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The exam will be written and provides a task with questions with multiple answers, of which one or more than one correct answer and an open question which is planning a home maintenance assigned according to a case report
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MM: ELEMENTI DI RADIODIAGNOSTICA PER IMMAGINI E RADIOPROTEZIONE
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written test and eventual oral examination
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MM: ANATOMIA E PATOLOGIA ODONTOSTOMATOLOGICA
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written exam .......................................
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MM: PATOLOGIA GENERALE
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Multiple choice tests

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Abbinante Antonia - Cortesi Ardizzone Viviana Igienista orale. Teoria e pratica professionale EDRA 2013 978-88-214-2746-6
V. Cortesi Ardizzone , A. Abbinante Igienista orale. Teoria e pratica professionale Edra 2013
Leghissa GC- Moretti S-Palerma C-Buzzi G. La gestione pratica del paziente odontoiatrico. Protocolli, linee guida, norme. Elsevier Masson 2007. 2007
Giuseppe Ficarra Manuale di Patologia e Medicina Orale (Edizione 3) McGraw-Hill 2006 88-386-2391-0




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