Combined Bachelor's + Master's degree in Dentistry and Dental Prosthetics

Principles of Dentistry (2015/2016)

Course code
4S02634
Credits
20
Coordinator
Maria Romanelli

Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
BIOINFORMATICA 2 INF/01-INFORMATICS Lezioni 2° semestre Maria Romanelli
BIOETICA 2 MED/43-FORENSIC MEDICINE Lezioni 2° semestre Domenico De Leo
PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA 5 MED/28-ORAL DISEASES AND DENTISTRY Lezioni 2° semestre Massimo Albanese
Dario Bertossi
ODONTOIATRIA PREVENTIVA E DI COMUNITA' 3 MED/28-ORAL DISEASES AND DENTISTRY Lezioni 2° semestre Antonio D'Agostino
IGIENE DENTALE 3 MED/50-APPLIED MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY AND METHODOLOGY Lezioni 2° semestre Alessia Pardo
ODONTOIATRIA COSMETICA 2 MED/28-ORAL DISEASES AND DENTISTRY Lezioni 2° semestre Nicoletta Zerman
ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA 1 NN-- Lezioni 2° semestre Dario Bertossi
ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN IGIENE DENTALE 2 NN-- Lezioni 2° semestre Ancora Da Definire

Learning outcomes

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MM: BIOINFORMATICA
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The course aims to introduce the students to the use of Biomedical databases accessible via the computer network. During the practical exercises the following computational tools for querying the major databases will be used: GeneBank, Genecards, SwissProt, CDD (Conserved Domain Database), and OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man). The human genome sequences will be analyzed using alignment algorithms such as BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool) and FASTA; research strategies based on the alignment programs will be applied to genomic sequence analysis; programs accessible by the server ExPASy (Expert Protein Analysis System) Bioinformatic resource portal will be used for protein analysis.
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MM: BIOETICA
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MM: PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA PREVENTIVA E DI COMUNITA'
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The course aims to provide basic knowledge on the most common pathologies affecting the oral cavity, with particular focus on microbial pathologies and the behavior that have to be observed in order to avoid them. The student will have to master the basic knowledge of main oral pathologies, especially plaque-related pathologies, and the strategies concerning their prevention
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MM: IGIENE DENTALE
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The aims of course give to students the ability to apply correctly the dental hygiene methods and recognition of gingival inflammatory changes and to propose preventive measures for all dental diseases induced by bacterial plaque . Furthemore will be discuss the founding principles of basic dental care- home treatment and dental care- professional treatment that including professional oral Hygiene , scaling , root planing , root debridement and polishing.
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA COSMETICA
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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THIS REVIEW IS INTENDED TO PROVIDE THE STUDENT TO GET IN TOUCH WITH THE CLINICAL ENVIRONMENT AND WITH THE PATIENT TO GET THE NECESSARY BASES IN ORDER TO TREAT PATIENTS IN THE RIGHT WAY
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN IGIENE DENTALE
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Syllabus

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MM: BIOINFORMATICA
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During the practical exercises the following computational tools for querying the major databases will be used: GeneBank, Genecards, SwissProt, CDD (Conserved Domain Database), and OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man). The human genome sequences will be analyzed using alignment algorithms such as BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool) and FASTA; research strategies based on the alignment programs will be applied to genomic sequence analysis; programs accessible by the server ExPASy (Expert Protein Analysis System) Bioinformatic resource portal will be used for protein analysis.
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MM: BIOETICA
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MM: PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA PREVENTIVA E DI COMUNITA'
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Definition and aims of Preventive Dentistry General epidemiology and prevention strategies (primary, secondary and tertiary prevention) Oral health enhancement Caries prevention: epidemiology, etiology, diet and caries, epidemiological index, prevention techniques (toothbrush, toothpaste, brushing techniques, plaque control, fillings, fluoride profilaxis), radiation-related caries Periodontal disease prevention: epidemiology, etiology, clinical classification, periodontal index, prevention techniques (scaling, mouthrinse) Oral cancer prevention: epidemiology, clinical signs and stadiation, risk factors, precancerous lesions Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws: epdiemiology, etiology, risk factors, prevention
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MM: IGIENE DENTALE
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1. PERIODONTAL THERAPY Personal health , dental and medical ;examination of the patient with periodontal disease ; the probing depth ; Bleeding on probing ; clinical attachment level; Furcation involvement ; tooth mobility ; Oral hygiene; Objectives of causal therapy ; The motivation; Effects of supragingival plaque control without subgingival instrumentation ; Effects of subgingival instrumentation with the subgingival plaque control ; Effects of subgingival instrumentation in the various sites . 2. PATIENTS MOTIVATION What does motivate the patient ; Communication with the patient ; topics of conversation during the motivation ; Information about tooth decay and periodontal disease : how to explain to the patient his illness ; How to motivate a patient periodontitis ; Home Hygiene education of the patient ; Failure to communicate : the most frequent errors . 3. PLAQUE CONTROL ON TEETH AND IMPLANTS Agents of plaque detectors ; toothbrushes ; Techniques of brushing ; toothpaste ; dental instruments ; Special aids for oral hygiene home care . 4. SCALING AND ROOT PLANING; Instrumentation for scaling and root planing techniques and instrumentation ; ultrasonic and sonic instruments ; hand tools ; Features of hand instruments ; Universal curette and sickle ; Curette Gracey ; Handle the tools and support points ; working positions ; Right operator ; Operator lefty ; ambidextrous operator ; Using Gracey curette ; Using universal and sickle curette ; Considerations root planing ; Curette Syntette ; Tools for difficult to access sites ; rotary instruments and their use . 5. SHARPENING TOOLS sharpening purpose ; Side sharpening ; Front sharpening . 6. HYPERSENSITIVITY ' DENTAL TREATMENT Professional topical application ; Home Topical application . 7. SUPPORTIVE PARODONTAL THERAPY ON TEETH AND IMPLANTS Results obtained when the periodontal disease patients participating in the supportive therapy ; Results obtained when the periodontal disease patients participating in the supportive therapy but do not maintain a satisfactory standard of oral hygiene ; Results obtained when the periodontal disease patients do not participate in supportive therapy ; What should be done during the periodic monitoring of a patient stretch for periodontal disease ; Reassessment of the risk of infection and periodontal conditions ; supportive treatment ; Evaluation and treatment of potential recurrence of gingivitis and periodontal disease ; Polishing teeth and dental hypersensitivity treatment maintenance treatment of plants.
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA COSMETICA
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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Anatomy of the jaw bones Periodontal tissues X-rays anatomy Psychological approach to dental patient First visit Semeiotics of the oral cavity Methods of dental treatment Laboratory tests The oral cavity : environmental aspects Aseptics in dentistry Sterilization techniques Instruments The operations room Dental equipment Turbines , micromotors , contra and tartar scalers The patient with systemic problems Introduction to Computer : Hardware Elements of computer science : management software Techniques of anesthesia Treatments under local anesthesia Treatment under general anesthesia The photography in dentistry Medical records
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN IGIENE DENTALE
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Assessment methods and criteria

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MM: BIOINFORMATICA
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Written and oral examination
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MM: BIOETICA
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MM: PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA PREVENTIVA E DI COMUNITA'
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multiple choice test and oral test
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MM: IGIENE DENTALE
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WRITTEN AND ORAL EXAM
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MM: ODONTOIATRIA COSMETICA
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN PROPEDEUTICA CLINICA
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ORAL TEST
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MM: ATTIVITA' PRATICA IN IGIENE DENTALE
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Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Arthur Lesk Introduction to Bioinformatics OUP Oxford 2013
V. Cortesi Ardizzone , A. Abbinante Igienista orale. Teoria e pratica professionale Edra 2013
Leghissa GC- Moretti S-Palerma C-Buzzi G. La gestione pratica del paziente odontoiatrico. Protocolli, linee guida, norme. Elsevier Masson 2007. 2007
Limeback Hardy Odontoiatria preventiva integrata E.M.S.I. 2015 978-88-86669-95-5




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